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How to Write a Nursing Research Proposal Topics | Guide & Examples [Updated]

Rachel andel rn, bsn.

  • July 24, 2023
  • Nursing Writing Guides

Nursing research proposal topics can vary greatly, depending on the type of research you’re looking to conduct.

Whether you are interested in studying public health issues or improving patient care through innovative research methods, something on this list likely appeals to you.

Here’s a guide on writing a nursing research proposal and nursing research proposal topics , DNP research proposal topics, current nursing research proposal topics, and nursing research examples.

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How to Write a Nursing Research Proposal

A nursing research proposal serves as a blueprint for conducting studies that address important clinical questions, explore innovative interventions, and contribute to the overall body of nursing knowledge. 

To create a strong nursing research proposal, there are several key considerations that nursing students must take into account, which include;

  • Defining a clear and concise research question addresses an important nursing knowledge gap.
  • Selecting an appropriate research design and methodology that aligns with the research question and objectives.
  • Ensuring ethical considerations are addressed and appropriate measures are in place to protect the rights and welfare of participants.
  • Determining an appropriate sample size and recruitment strategy to ensure adequate statistical power and generalizability of findings.
  • Developing a detailed data analysis plan that aligns with the research design and objectives.
  • Consider dissemination and knowledge translation strategies to ensure research findings reach the intended audience and positively impact nursing practice.

Key components of a Nursing Research Proposa l

When creating a nursing research proposal, including all the components contributing to a comprehensive and well-structured document is crucial.

Understanding these components will ensure that your proposal is clear and organized and addresses the necessary aspects of your research endeavor. 

Problem Statement

  • It should provide a clear description of a problem that will be solved.
  • It shows the gap between the current situation and the future goal to improve it.

Research Question

  • The research question forms the foundation of your nursing research proposal. It is a concise and focused statement that outlines the main objective of your research.
  • Your research question should be specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART), enabling you to address a particular problem or gap in the existing literature.

Study Design

  • The study design section outlines the methodology and approach you will employ to conduct your research.
  • It includes details on the type of study, such as quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods, and explains how data will be collected, analyzed, and interpreted.
  • The study design should align with your research question and ensure the validity and reliability of your findings.

Methodology

  • The methodology component of your nursing research proposal describes the specific techniques and procedures you will use to gather data.
  • This may include surveys, interviews, observations, or systematic reviews.
  • Clearly outlining your methodology ensures transparency and allows others to reproduce your study if needed.

Sample Size Determination

  • Determining an appropriate sample size is crucial in nursing research to ensure your findings’ statistical power and representativeness.
  • This section will explain how you calculated the required sample size based on the research question, study design, and expected effect size.
  • It is essential to consider factors such as the population size, confidence level, and desired margin of error.

Ethical Considerations

  • Ethical considerations play a vital role in nursing research.
  • This component addresses the protection and well-being of participants, safeguarding their privacy and confidentiality, and the potential risks and benefits associated with the study.
  • Ethical considerations also involve obtaining informed consent from participants and ensuring compliance with institutional review boards or ethical committees.

Nursing Research Proposal Outline

IntroductionAn overview of the research topic and its significance
Literature ReviewSummary of existing literature and theoretical frameworks
Research QuestionA clear formulation of the main research question
Study DesignExplanation of the chosen qualitative research methods and their appropriateness
Data CollectionDetails of how data will be collected, such as interviews or observations
Data AnalysisDescription of the thematic analysis process and data interpretation
Ethical ConsiderationsDiscussion of ethical principles to be followed in the research
LimitationsAcknowledgement of potential limitations and how they will be addressed
ConclusionSummary of the study’s potential impact and future directions

List of Nursing research proposal topics

  • Racial and ethnic disparities in nursing care
  • The impact of technology on nursing care
  • Prevalence and determinants of burnout in nurses
  • Quality of life for people with chronic illnesses served by nurses
  • Effectiveness of nurse-led interventions for short-term weight loss in adults
  • Nursing home adjusted Living Experience Surveys: measuring resident satisfaction and quality of life
  • Identification and characterization of health disparities among LGBT elders in long-term care facilities
  • Role of nurses in the early detection and management of cancer diagnosis
  • Effects of delegation on nurse burnout, patient safety, and coordination of care
  • The use of technology in home health care: a study of patient and nurse perspectives11. The impact of nurse staffing on patient safety
  • Effectiveness of Nurse-led interventions for promoting healthy physical Activity in hospitalized patients.
  • The role of nurses in the development and implementation of evidence-based pain management guidelines
  • Effectiveness of patient-centred communication interventions to reduce bed sores in nursing home residents
  • Identification and characterization of best practices for providing hospice care
  • Nurse-led stress reduction interventions for long-term care staff
  • Nurses’ perceptions of work-life balance: a qualitative study
  • Development and  evaluation of a web-based tool to support caregiver adherence to oral health care  guidelines among long-term care residents
  • Effects of sleep deprivation on nurses’ cognitive performance, satisfaction with work, and daytime sleepiness
  • A study exploring the  association between nurse  staffing levels and rates of infection in a university hospital setting
  • A qualitative study exploring how  nurses manage  transitions from inpatient to outpatient settings
  • The use of  social media by nurses in an acute hospital  setting
  • Nurses’ experiences with burnout: a cross-sectional study
  • Nurse preparedness for pandemic influenza: an examination of the role of  professional development
  • The use of telehealth in long-term  care settings:  a study of nurses’ experiences
  • Nurses’ experiences with  chronic pain:  a qualitative study
  • The impact of the Affordable Care Act on the workforce and nursing
  • Nursing care plans  for patients with dementia: a systematic review
  • Implementation of evidence-based interventions for preventing  falls in older adults  living in long-term care facilities
  • Nurse staffing and  quality of patient care:  a cross-sectional study
  • Use of  social media  by nurses during preoperative assessment
  • Nurses’ perceptions of resident safety in an acute hospital setting: a qualitative study
  • The effects of nurse staffing on patient satisfaction and outcomes in an acute hospital setting
  • A comparative study investigating the use of videoconferencing  among nurses  in different specialties
  • A qualitative study exploring how  nurse educators use technology to engage students in online learning  environments
  • Examining the effect on patient safety when using electronic health records to order medications on off-hours
  • Nurse staffing, work demands, and burnout in neonatal intensive care units 38. Factors that predict nurses’ decision to leave their jobs
  • Effects of nurse-led interventions to improve care for  veterans with chronic pain
  • The use of wearable technology in hospitals: a systematic review
  • Review and assessment of technologies used to support nurses during surgery
  • Nursing care plans  for patients with cancer: a systematic review
  • Nurse-led interventions to prevent falls in older adults living in  long-term care facilities:  a systematic review
  • The use of electronic health records to  inform clinical  decision making: a systematic review
  • Implementation of evidence-based interventions to  improve patient  safety in hospitals
  • A qualitative study exploring how nurses use technology in the workplace
  • Factors influencing  nurse satisfaction  with their work and workplace culture
  • Identification and assessment of best practices for preoperative  patient communication in the surgical setting
  • Effectiveness of nurse-led stress reduction interventions on nurses’ burnout
  • Nurse staffing, workload, and burnout in intensive care units: a cross-sectional study
  • There are many other nursing research proposal  topics that can be explored in order to improve patient care .

Some additional potential nursing research proposal topics include:

  • Assessing the effectiveness of nurse-led interventions for reducing readmissions among hospitalized patients
  • Evaluating the impact of nurse call patterns on patient safety
  • Analyzing the influence of nurse staffing levels on patient outcomes
  • Determining the best methods for measuring patient satisfaction with nurse care
  • Studying the  factors influencing  nurse decision making
  • Investigating the feasibility and  effectiveness of using remote patient monitoring technology to improve patient care

DNP Research proposal topics

There are countless  nursing research  proposal topics that could be explored in a doctoral or post-doctoral program. Below is a list of some DNP Research proposal topics consider:

  • Investigating the feasibility and effectiveness of using remote patient monitoring technology to improve patient care
  • The effect of sleep deprivation on nurses
  • The use of technology in nursing care
  • Investigating the relationship between patient satisfaction and nurse retention
  • Studying nutrition-related issues in the context of nursing
  • Assessing the impact  of patient satisfaction on nurse recruitment and retention
  • The relationship between patient satisfaction and nurse retention
  • Investigating the feasibility of using remote patient monitoring technology in healthcare settings
  • Evaluating the impact of patient satisfaction on nurse retention
  • Research the best methods for measuring patient satisfaction with nurse care
  • Studying the feasibility of using remote patient monitoring technology in healthcare settings

Check out the additional DNP Research proposal topics as suggested by a Nursing Instructor

  • Nursing research  on dementia care
  • Nursing research on neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) management
  • Nursing research on palliative care
  • Nursing research on wound healing and reconstruction 5.  Nursing research on pediatric health  nursing
  • Nursing research on geriatric care
  • Nursing research on pharmacology for nursing
  • Nursing research on infection control in the acute care setting
  • Nursing research on nutrition for nursing
  • The  Effect of Health Education on Patient Outcomes
  • Development and Evaluation of Nursing Intervention  Programs
  • Assessment of Patient Satisfaction with  Nursing Services
  • Advocating for  Improved Patient-Nurse Communication
  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Interventions to Address Nurses’ Burnout
  • Investigating the Relationship between Nurse workload and Patient outcomes7. Evaluating the Impact of Technology on Nursing Care
  • Investigating the Relationship between Professionalism and Patient Outcomes
  • Studying Nutrition-Related Issues in the Context of Nursing
  • Evaluating Patient-Nurse Interactions in the Context of Home Health Services

The list of DNP Research proposal topics above should guide you in creating a Research proposal.

Current Nursing research proposal topics

Nursing research proposal topics  can vary greatly, depending on the type of research you’re looking to conduct. Some common topics include:

  • The effects of sleep deprivation on nurses
  • The effect of patient communication skills on nurses’ outcomes
  • How to improve patient safety in nursing care
  • How to reduce readmissions among hospitalized patients
  • Study the feasibility of using remote patient monitoring technology in healthcare settings
  • Evaluate the impact of patient satisfaction on nurse recruitment and retention
  • Evaluate the impact of nurse staffing levels on patient outcomes
  • Research the feasibility of using remote patient monitoring technology in healthcare  settings
  • Research the impact of patient satisfaction on nurse recruitment and retention
  • Opioid use in the elderly
  • Preterm birth and neonatal care
  • Mobile health technology in nursing
  • Nursing home  quality improvement
  • The impact of social media on nursing

Nursing research proposal topics can vary greatly, so it’s important to select a  topic that is of interest to you and that will help you to improve patient care .

Nursing research proposal writing tips

When  preparing your nursing  research proposal, it’s important to keep the following tips in mind:

  • Be organized

Planning and organizing your data will make your research proposal more concise and easier to read. Start by identifying the specific question you want to answer, and then list all the relevant sources that you consulted in order to reach your conclusions. Use headings and subheadings to help organize your information , and be sure to include detailed citations for all sources used.

  • Use effective writing techniques

To produce a well-written research proposal, use effective writing techniques such as strong thesis statements , clear language, and well-organized data. You should also make use of persuasive arguments, vivid descriptions, and concrete  examples in order to make your case for the proposed study .

  • Include references

In order for your nursing research proposal to be accepted, it  must include references  from reliable sources that support your findings. Always cite the source where you obtained the data presented in your proposal, as well as any other sourcesthat you used in order to support your arguments.

  • Make sure your proposal is properly formatted

Your nursing research proposal should be properly formatted and error-free in order to be accepted for review. Always use the correct style and grammar when writing, and make sure all data is properly referenced. avoid using excessive jargon or acronyms, and try to keep your presentation as concise as possible.

  • Submit your proposal well in advance of the deadline

The sooner you submit your proposal, the better chance you have of being accepted for review. Make sure to follow the submission guidelines outlined by the journal you are submitting to, as well as the submission system specific to that journal .

Nursing Research Proposal Examples

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  • Benchmark – Community Teaching Plan: Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal Example – Solved Essay
  • Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal

In this article, we will provide you with some  ideas for nursing research proposal topics  that can be used in any discipline. Whether you are interested in studying public  health issues or improving patient care  through innovative research methods, there is likely something on this list that appeals to you. So get started on your Nursing Research Proposal now by  placing an order  with us.

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Proposal Template AI

Free proposal templates in word, powerpoint, pdf and more

Nursing Research Proposal Template: A Comprehensive Guide + Free Template Download + How to Write it

Creating a strong foundation: the importance of a nursing research proposal template.

As a nursing professional, I understand the critical importance of thorough research in the healthcare field. Developing a nursing research proposal is a crucial step in the research process , as it provides a roadmap for conducting and evaluating the study. However, creating a research proposal from scratch can be a time-consuming task. That’s why having a nursing research proposal template can be incredibly valuable. It not only streamlines the proposal writing process, but also ensures that all essential components are included. In this article, we will explore why a nursing research proposal template is important, and how it differs from a standard research proposal .

Nursing Research Proposal Template

Example: The Impact of Music Therapy on Pain Management in Pediatric Patients

Background and Statement of the Problem: Example: Pain management in pediatric patients is a critical aspect of their care, and traditional methods have limitations and side effects. Music therapy has shown promise in reducing pain perception and anxiety in various patient populations. However, its efficacy in pediatric patients needs further exploration to inform evidence-based practice.

My advice on : In this section, clearly outline the background of your research topic and the specific problem you aim to address. Use evidence-based information to support the significance of your study.

Purpose of the Study: Example: The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of music therapy on pain perception and anxiety levels in pediatric patients receiving treatment in a hospital setting. The findings will contribute to the development of non-pharmacological pain management interventions for this population.

My advice on : Clearly state the goal of your study and its potential impact on nursing practice. Highlight the contribution your research will make to the field of nursing.

Literature Review : Example: Previous research has shown that music therapy can have a positive impact on pain management in adult patients undergoing various medical procedures. Studies by Bradt et al. (2016) and Good et al. (2018) reported significant reductions in pain scores and anxiety levels among adult patients receiving music therapy. However, there is limited evidence on the efficacy of music therapy in pediatric patients, particularly in a hospital setting.

My advice on : Conduct a thorough literature review to identify gaps in existing research and support the need for your study. Critically analyze the findings of previous studies and their implications for your research.

Research Design and Methods: Example: This study will employ a randomized controlled trial design, with pediatric patients aged 6-12 years randomly assigned to either the intervention group, receiving music therapy, or the control group, receiving standard care. Pain scores and anxiety levels will be assessed before and after the intervention using validated pediatric assessment tools. Data analysis will be performed using statistical software to compare the outcomes between the two groups.

My advice on: Clearly outline the research design and methods you will use, ensuring they are appropriate for addressing your research question . Describe the statistical methods you will employ to analyze the data and justify their suitability for your study.

Timeline and Budget: Example: The study is anticipated to span over 12 months, including participant recruitment , intervention implementation, and data collection . The estimated budget for this study includes the cost of hiring a certified music therapist, purchasing musical instruments, and securing ethical approval for conducting research with pediatric patients.

My advice on: Provide a realistic timeline for each phase of your study, taking into account potential challenges and delays. Create a detailed budget that justifies the resources required for your research and aligns with the scope of your study.

Conclusion:

The proposed study on the impact of music therapy on pain management in pediatric patients addresses a significant gap in the current literature and has the potential to contribute valuable evidence to nursing practice. By following the structure and examples provided in the nursing research proposal template, researchers can effectively communicate the rationale, purpose, and methods of their study, ultimately enhancing the quality and impact of their research endeavors.

Download free Nursing Research Proposal Template in Word DocX, Powerpoint PPTX, and PDF. We included Nursing Research Proposal Template examples as well.

Download Free Nursing Research Proposal Template PDF and Examples Download Free Nursing Research Proposal Template Word Document

Download Free Nursing Research Proposal Template Powerpoint

Nursing Research Proposal Template FAQs

1. what is a nursing research proposal.

A nursing research proposal is a document that outlines a proposed research study in the field of nursing. It includes a research question, background information , methodology, and potential implications for nursing practice.

2. What should be included in a nursing research proposal?

A nursing research proposal should include a clear research question, a review of relevant literature, a detailed methodology, potential implications for nursing practice, and a list of references.

3. What is the purpose of a nursing research proposal?

The purpose of a nursing research proposal is to outline a potential research study and gain approval from relevant stakeholders, such as academic institutions or funding organizations . It also helps researchers clarify their ideas and ensure that their study is feasible and ethical.

4. How should the methodology section of a nursing research proposal be structured?

The methodology section of a nursing research proposal should include details on the research design , data collection methods, data analysis procedures, and any potential limitations or ethical considerations . It should be structured in a clear and precise manner to ensure that the study can be accurately replicated by others.

5. What are the potential implications for nursing practice in a research proposal?

The potential implications for nursing practice in a research proposal are the potential ways in which the study’s findings could impact nursing care, policies, or education. This could include improved patient outcomes, changes to nursing interventions, or new approaches to nursing education.

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Research/Clinical/Student Project Proposal Guidelines

Download the 2016 application.  All materials must be formatted using APA format.

I. Quantitative Research Proposal

1. Title and Abstract A 200-word abstract are to accompany the proposal. The abstract should include the study aim, significance, the population and sample description and a statement of the design and analysis.

2. Proposal Outline (1,500 word limit) The following areas are to be included in the proposal, as appropriate.

A. The Problem a) Statement of the problem or research question. b) Hypotheses. c) Definitions of variables. Theoretical and operational definitions (instruments). d) Theoretical framework and population. e) Critique of the most salient elements of the pertinent literature. f) Significance to nursing science.

B. Methodology a) Design b) Instrument reliability and validity. c) Data collection procedure. Include official human subjects reviews if conducted and a consent form. d) Sample, size and sampling procedure. e) Method of analysis.

C. References and Appendices a) Reference list

II. Qualitative Research Proposal

A. Title and 200-word Abstract

B. Proposal (1,500 word limit)     a) A clear statement that specifies the phenomenon to be studied;     b) Documentation of a need for study and significance of the study for nursing;     c) Identification of the qualitative approach with a rationale for its selection;     d) Specification of the design with attention to:         - what data are sought         - how and when those data will be solicited         - how relationships with research participants will be initiated, maintained and terminated         - how data will be managed         - how data will be analyzed and related to pre-existing knowledge         - how findings will be reported     e) References and Appendices

III. Clinical Project – 1500 word limit A clinical project is defined as a professional nursing project that addresses a common or significant health concern in a creative and evidence-based manner.  The project should go beyond the applicant’s usual academic or employment requirements. 

A. Aims - State clearly the clinical significance of the project including how it will identify/test/demonstrate nursing interventions and/or care delivery models that provide the most beneficial outcomes for patients. State concisely and realistically the expected clinical impact of this project, i.e., what the clinical project is intended to accomplish and/or demonstrate. 

B. Significance & Background - Briefly describe the clinical significance of the project. Be clear what is being demonstrated. Provide a synthesis of the literature in the field(s) that is pertinent to the proposed project. Summarize the rationale or theoretical/conceptual underpinnings for the work. State clearly the relationship of this project to an overall program of clinical scholarship.

C. Method - Discuss in detail the methods to be used to accomplish the aims. Describe the potential limitations of the methods and approaches you will use to minimize these limitations. Delineate measures to be used to assess the effect of the project.

D. Dissemination & Translation – Describe the audiences that would benefit from knowing and adopting the findings of this work. Outline a dissemination plan.

E. Time Frame - Provide a timeline for the main steps of the project, including anticipated start and completion dates. 

IV. Student Project – 1500 word limit A student project is defined as project that addresses a common or significant health concern in a creative and evidence-based manner. It may include activities associated with Masters, PhD or DNP work.

A. Aims - State clearly the clinical or research significance of the project including how it will identify/test/demonstrate nursing interventions and/or care delivery models that provide the most beneficial outcomes for patients. State concisely and realistically the expected clinical impact of this project, i.e., what the clinical project is intended to accomplish and/or demonstrate. 

B. Significance & Background - Briefly describe the clinical or research significance of the project. Be clear what is being demonstrated. Provide a synthesis of the literature in the field(s) that is pertinent to the proposed project. Summarize the rationale or theoretical/conceptual underpinnings for the work. State clearly the relationship of this project to an overall program of scholarship. 

C. Method - Discuss in detail the methods to be used to accomplish the aims. Describe the potential limitations of the methods and approaches you will use to minimize these limitations. Delineate measures to be used to assess the effect of the project. 

E. Time Frame - Provide a timeline for the main steps of the project, including anticipated start and completion dates.

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  • How to Write a Research Proposal | Examples & Templates

How to Write a Research Proposal | Examples & Templates

Published on October 12, 2022 by Shona McCombes and Tegan George. Revised on November 21, 2023.

Structure of a research proposal

A research proposal describes what you will investigate, why it’s important, and how you will conduct your research.

The format of a research proposal varies between fields, but most proposals will contain at least these elements:

Introduction

Literature review.

  • Research design

Reference list

While the sections may vary, the overall objective is always the same. A research proposal serves as a blueprint and guide for your research plan, helping you get organized and feel confident in the path forward you choose to take.

Table of contents

Research proposal purpose, research proposal examples, research design and methods, contribution to knowledge, research schedule, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about research proposals.

Academics often have to write research proposals to get funding for their projects. As a student, you might have to write a research proposal as part of a grad school application , or prior to starting your thesis or dissertation .

In addition to helping you figure out what your research can look like, a proposal can also serve to demonstrate why your project is worth pursuing to a funder, educational institution, or supervisor.

Research proposal aims
Show your reader why your project is interesting, original, and important.
Demonstrate your comfort and familiarity with your field.
Show that you understand the current state of research on your topic.
Make a case for your .
Demonstrate that you have carefully thought about the data, tools, and procedures necessary to conduct your research.
Confirm that your project is feasible within the timeline of your program or funding deadline.

Research proposal length

The length of a research proposal can vary quite a bit. A bachelor’s or master’s thesis proposal can be just a few pages, while proposals for PhD dissertations or research funding are usually much longer and more detailed. Your supervisor can help you determine the best length for your work.

One trick to get started is to think of your proposal’s structure as a shorter version of your thesis or dissertation , only without the results , conclusion and discussion sections.

Download our research proposal template

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Writing a research proposal can be quite challenging, but a good starting point could be to look at some examples. We’ve included a few for you below.

  • Example research proposal #1: “A Conceptual Framework for Scheduling Constraint Management”
  • Example research proposal #2: “Medical Students as Mediators of Change in Tobacco Use”

Like your dissertation or thesis, the proposal will usually have a title page that includes:

  • The proposed title of your project
  • Your supervisor’s name
  • Your institution and department

The first part of your proposal is the initial pitch for your project. Make sure it succinctly explains what you want to do and why.

Your introduction should:

  • Introduce your topic
  • Give necessary background and context
  • Outline your  problem statement  and research questions

To guide your introduction , include information about:

  • Who could have an interest in the topic (e.g., scientists, policymakers)
  • How much is already known about the topic
  • What is missing from this current knowledge
  • What new insights your research will contribute
  • Why you believe this research is worth doing

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research proposal nursing

As you get started, it’s important to demonstrate that you’re familiar with the most important research on your topic. A strong literature review  shows your reader that your project has a solid foundation in existing knowledge or theory. It also shows that you’re not simply repeating what other people have already done or said, but rather using existing research as a jumping-off point for your own.

In this section, share exactly how your project will contribute to ongoing conversations in the field by:

  • Comparing and contrasting the main theories, methods, and debates
  • Examining the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
  • Explaining how will you build on, challenge, or synthesize prior scholarship

Following the literature review, restate your main  objectives . This brings the focus back to your own project. Next, your research design or methodology section will describe your overall approach, and the practical steps you will take to answer your research questions.

Building a research proposal methodology
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To finish your proposal on a strong note, explore the potential implications of your research for your field. Emphasize again what you aim to contribute and why it matters.

For example, your results might have implications for:

  • Improving best practices
  • Informing policymaking decisions
  • Strengthening a theory or model
  • Challenging popular or scientific beliefs
  • Creating a basis for future research

Last but not least, your research proposal must include correct citations for every source you have used, compiled in a reference list . To create citations quickly and easily, you can use our free APA citation generator .

Some institutions or funders require a detailed timeline of the project, asking you to forecast what you will do at each stage and how long it may take. While not always required, be sure to check the requirements of your project.

Here’s an example schedule to help you get started. You can also download a template at the button below.

Download our research schedule template

Example research schedule
Research phase Objectives Deadline
1. Background research and literature review 20th January
2. Research design planning and data analysis methods 13th February
3. Data collection and preparation with selected participants and code interviews 24th March
4. Data analysis of interview transcripts 22nd April
5. Writing 17th June
6. Revision final work 28th July

If you are applying for research funding, chances are you will have to include a detailed budget. This shows your estimates of how much each part of your project will cost.

Make sure to check what type of costs the funding body will agree to cover. For each item, include:

  • Cost : exactly how much money do you need?
  • Justification : why is this cost necessary to complete the research?
  • Source : how did you calculate the amount?

To determine your budget, think about:

  • Travel costs : do you need to go somewhere to collect your data? How will you get there, and how much time will you need? What will you do there (e.g., interviews, archival research)?
  • Materials : do you need access to any tools or technologies?
  • Help : do you need to hire any research assistants for the project? What will they do, and how much will you pay them?

If you want to know more about the research process , methodology , research bias , or statistics , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

Methodology

  • Sampling methods
  • Simple random sampling
  • Stratified sampling
  • Cluster sampling
  • Likert scales
  • Reproducibility

 Statistics

  • Null hypothesis
  • Statistical power
  • Probability distribution
  • Effect size
  • Poisson distribution

Research bias

  • Optimism bias
  • Cognitive bias
  • Implicit bias
  • Hawthorne effect
  • Anchoring bias
  • Explicit bias

Once you’ve decided on your research objectives , you need to explain them in your paper, at the end of your problem statement .

Keep your research objectives clear and concise, and use appropriate verbs to accurately convey the work that you will carry out for each one.

I will compare …

A research aim is a broad statement indicating the general purpose of your research project. It should appear in your introduction at the end of your problem statement , before your research objectives.

Research objectives are more specific than your research aim. They indicate the specific ways you’ll address the overarching aim.

A PhD, which is short for philosophiae doctor (doctor of philosophy in Latin), is the highest university degree that can be obtained. In a PhD, students spend 3–5 years writing a dissertation , which aims to make a significant, original contribution to current knowledge.

A PhD is intended to prepare students for a career as a researcher, whether that be in academia, the public sector, or the private sector.

A master’s is a 1- or 2-year graduate degree that can prepare you for a variety of careers.

All master’s involve graduate-level coursework. Some are research-intensive and intend to prepare students for further study in a PhD; these usually require their students to write a master’s thesis . Others focus on professional training for a specific career.

Critical thinking refers to the ability to evaluate information and to be aware of biases or assumptions, including your own.

Like information literacy , it involves evaluating arguments, identifying and solving problems in an objective and systematic way, and clearly communicating your ideas.

The best way to remember the difference between a research plan and a research proposal is that they have fundamentally different audiences. A research plan helps you, the researcher, organize your thoughts. On the other hand, a dissertation proposal or research proposal aims to convince others (e.g., a supervisor, a funding body, or a dissertation committee) that your research topic is relevant and worthy of being conducted.

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  • Indian J Anaesth
  • v.60(9); 2016 Sep

How to write a research proposal?

Department of Anaesthesiology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Devika Rani Duggappa

Writing the proposal of a research work in the present era is a challenging task due to the constantly evolving trends in the qualitative research design and the need to incorporate medical advances into the methodology. The proposal is a detailed plan or ‘blueprint’ for the intended study, and once it is completed, the research project should flow smoothly. Even today, many of the proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals for funding are substandard. A search was conducted with keywords such as research proposal, writing proposal and qualitative using search engines, namely, PubMed and Google Scholar, and an attempt has been made to provide broad guidelines for writing a scientifically appropriate research proposal.

INTRODUCTION

A clean, well-thought-out proposal forms the backbone for the research itself and hence becomes the most important step in the process of conduct of research.[ 1 ] The objective of preparing a research proposal would be to obtain approvals from various committees including ethics committee [details under ‘Research methodology II’ section [ Table 1 ] in this issue of IJA) and to request for grants. However, there are very few universally accepted guidelines for preparation of a good quality research proposal. A search was performed with keywords such as research proposal, funding, qualitative and writing proposals using search engines, namely, PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus.

Five ‘C’s while writing a literature review

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Object name is IJA-60-631-g001.jpg

BASIC REQUIREMENTS OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL

A proposal needs to show how your work fits into what is already known about the topic and what new paradigm will it add to the literature, while specifying the question that the research will answer, establishing its significance, and the implications of the answer.[ 2 ] The proposal must be capable of convincing the evaluation committee about the credibility, achievability, practicality and reproducibility (repeatability) of the research design.[ 3 ] Four categories of audience with different expectations may be present in the evaluation committees, namely academic colleagues, policy-makers, practitioners and lay audiences who evaluate the research proposal. Tips for preparation of a good research proposal include; ‘be practical, be persuasive, make broader links, aim for crystal clarity and plan before you write’. A researcher must be balanced, with a realistic understanding of what can be achieved. Being persuasive implies that researcher must be able to convince other researchers, research funding agencies, educational institutions and supervisors that the research is worth getting approval. The aim of the researcher should be clearly stated in simple language that describes the research in a way that non-specialists can comprehend, without use of jargons. The proposal must not only demonstrate that it is based on an intelligent understanding of the existing literature but also show that the writer has thought about the time needed to conduct each stage of the research.[ 4 , 5 ]

CONTENTS OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL

The contents or formats of a research proposal vary depending on the requirements of evaluation committee and are generally provided by the evaluation committee or the institution.

In general, a cover page should contain the (i) title of the proposal, (ii) name and affiliation of the researcher (principal investigator) and co-investigators, (iii) institutional affiliation (degree of the investigator and the name of institution where the study will be performed), details of contact such as phone numbers, E-mail id's and lines for signatures of investigators.

The main contents of the proposal may be presented under the following headings: (i) introduction, (ii) review of literature, (iii) aims and objectives, (iv) research design and methods, (v) ethical considerations, (vi) budget, (vii) appendices and (viii) citations.[ 4 ]

Introduction

It is also sometimes termed as ‘need for study’ or ‘abstract’. Introduction is an initial pitch of an idea; it sets the scene and puts the research in context.[ 6 ] The introduction should be designed to create interest in the reader about the topic and proposal. It should convey to the reader, what you want to do, what necessitates the study and your passion for the topic.[ 7 ] Some questions that can be used to assess the significance of the study are: (i) Who has an interest in the domain of inquiry? (ii) What do we already know about the topic? (iii) What has not been answered adequately in previous research and practice? (iv) How will this research add to knowledge, practice and policy in this area? Some of the evaluation committees, expect the last two questions, elaborated under a separate heading of ‘background and significance’.[ 8 ] Introduction should also contain the hypothesis behind the research design. If hypothesis cannot be constructed, the line of inquiry to be used in the research must be indicated.

Review of literature

It refers to all sources of scientific evidence pertaining to the topic in interest. In the present era of digitalisation and easy accessibility, there is an enormous amount of relevant data available, making it a challenge for the researcher to include all of it in his/her review.[ 9 ] It is crucial to structure this section intelligently so that the reader can grasp the argument related to your study in relation to that of other researchers, while still demonstrating to your readers that your work is original and innovative. It is preferable to summarise each article in a paragraph, highlighting the details pertinent to the topic of interest. The progression of review can move from the more general to the more focused studies, or a historical progression can be used to develop the story, without making it exhaustive.[ 1 ] Literature should include supporting data, disagreements and controversies. Five ‘C's may be kept in mind while writing a literature review[ 10 ] [ Table 1 ].

Aims and objectives

The research purpose (or goal or aim) gives a broad indication of what the researcher wishes to achieve in the research. The hypothesis to be tested can be the aim of the study. The objectives related to parameters or tools used to achieve the aim are generally categorised as primary and secondary objectives.

Research design and method

The objective here is to convince the reader that the overall research design and methods of analysis will correctly address the research problem and to impress upon the reader that the methodology/sources chosen are appropriate for the specific topic. It should be unmistakably tied to the specific aims of your study.

In this section, the methods and sources used to conduct the research must be discussed, including specific references to sites, databases, key texts or authors that will be indispensable to the project. There should be specific mention about the methodological approaches to be undertaken to gather information, about the techniques to be used to analyse it and about the tests of external validity to which researcher is committed.[ 10 , 11 ]

The components of this section include the following:[ 4 ]

Population and sample

Population refers to all the elements (individuals, objects or substances) that meet certain criteria for inclusion in a given universe,[ 12 ] and sample refers to subset of population which meets the inclusion criteria for enrolment into the study. The inclusion and exclusion criteria should be clearly defined. The details pertaining to sample size are discussed in the article “Sample size calculation: Basic priniciples” published in this issue of IJA.

Data collection

The researcher is expected to give a detailed account of the methodology adopted for collection of data, which include the time frame required for the research. The methodology should be tested for its validity and ensure that, in pursuit of achieving the results, the participant's life is not jeopardised. The author should anticipate and acknowledge any potential barrier and pitfall in carrying out the research design and explain plans to address them, thereby avoiding lacunae due to incomplete data collection. If the researcher is planning to acquire data through interviews or questionnaires, copy of the questions used for the same should be attached as an annexure with the proposal.

Rigor (soundness of the research)

This addresses the strength of the research with respect to its neutrality, consistency and applicability. Rigor must be reflected throughout the proposal.

It refers to the robustness of a research method against bias. The author should convey the measures taken to avoid bias, viz. blinding and randomisation, in an elaborate way, thus ensuring that the result obtained from the adopted method is purely as chance and not influenced by other confounding variables.

Consistency

Consistency considers whether the findings will be consistent if the inquiry was replicated with the same participants and in a similar context. This can be achieved by adopting standard and universally accepted methods and scales.

Applicability

Applicability refers to the degree to which the findings can be applied to different contexts and groups.[ 13 ]

Data analysis

This section deals with the reduction and reconstruction of data and its analysis including sample size calculation. The researcher is expected to explain the steps adopted for coding and sorting the data obtained. Various tests to be used to analyse the data for its robustness, significance should be clearly stated. Author should also mention the names of statistician and suitable software which will be used in due course of data analysis and their contribution to data analysis and sample calculation.[ 9 ]

Ethical considerations

Medical research introduces special moral and ethical problems that are not usually encountered by other researchers during data collection, and hence, the researcher should take special care in ensuring that ethical standards are met. Ethical considerations refer to the protection of the participants' rights (right to self-determination, right to privacy, right to autonomy and confidentiality, right to fair treatment and right to protection from discomfort and harm), obtaining informed consent and the institutional review process (ethical approval). The researcher needs to provide adequate information on each of these aspects.

Informed consent needs to be obtained from the participants (details discussed in further chapters), as well as the research site and the relevant authorities.

When the researcher prepares a research budget, he/she should predict and cost all aspects of the research and then add an additional allowance for unpredictable disasters, delays and rising costs. All items in the budget should be justified.

Appendices are documents that support the proposal and application. The appendices will be specific for each proposal but documents that are usually required include informed consent form, supporting documents, questionnaires, measurement tools and patient information of the study in layman's language.

As with any scholarly research paper, you must cite the sources you used in composing your proposal. Although the words ‘references and bibliography’ are different, they are used interchangeably. It refers to all references cited in the research proposal.

Successful, qualitative research proposals should communicate the researcher's knowledge of the field and method and convey the emergent nature of the qualitative design. The proposal should follow a discernible logic from the introduction to presentation of the appendices.

Financial support and sponsorship

Conflicts of interest.

There are no conflicts of interest.

Writing a Research Proposal in Nursing

  • January 2008
  • KNF 3 (2), 2008.(2):-

Tessy Treesa Jose at Manipal College of Nursing

  • Manipal College of Nursing

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Nursing research proposal: writing guide.

There are a few key points to remember when writing a nursing research proposal. First and foremost, your proposal must be clear and concise. You must first identify the problem or question you wish to investigate and the purpose of your research.

It is also essential to explain how your research will help solve the problem or answer the question. You must also describe the methods you will use to collect and analyze data. You may feel overwhelmed if you are tasked with writing a nursing research proposal. But don’t worry; we are here to help you!

What is a nursing research proposal?

A nursing research proposal is a written plan for a research project that will be done by a nurse or a team of nurses.

Nursing research proposal: writing guide

Here are some guidelines to help you draft a nursing research proposal:

  • Identify the research question

Start by stating the research question that your proposal will attempt to answer. This query should be precise, understandable, and pertinent to the nursing industry. Also, it must be subject to research and have empirical questions that may be answered.

  • Review the literature

Perform a thorough analysis of the knowledge already published on the subject. You can use this to find research gaps and develop a solid argument for your proposed study.

  • Create a research design

Decide which research design is best for your project. Your study question and the kind of data you intend to gather will determine this. Randomized controlled trials, observational studies, and qualitative research are standard study designs in nursing.

  • Define the sample

You intend to recruit for your study by defining the sample of people. This should include information about the inclusion and exclusion criteria, recruitment procedures , and sample size.

  • Outline the data collection methods

Explain the techniques you plan to employ to collect data in your outline of the data collection procedures. Surveys, interviews, observations, and evaluations of medical records may all fall under this category. Be sure to clarify the rationale behind your method selection and how it relates to your research topic.

  • Plan the data analysis

Prepare your data analysis strategy by outlining how to examine the information you get. This should cover the statistical techniques you’ll employ and any tools or software you intend to use for data analysis.

  • Consider ethical issues

Consider moral concerns; specify how you’ll approach them in your research. This should involve acquiring participants’ consent after providing information, safeguarding their privacy and confidentiality, and ensuring the study won’t hurt them.

  • Develop a budget

Create a budget by estimating your study’s costs, including those for staff, equipment, and other expenses. Make sure to take into account any potential funding sources.

  • Write the proposal

Once the stages mentioned above have been finished, draft the proposal. Ensure your proposal complies with the requirements of the funding agency or organization by adhering to their guidelines.

  • Revise and refine

After finishing your initial draft, revise and improve your proposal. To do this, ask your coworkers or mentors for input, then make the necessary adjustments in response to their advice.

Components of nursing research proposal

A nursing research proposal usually has a few essential parts that help outline the proposed research study. These parts may be different depending on what the research proposal needs. Here are some of the most common components of the nursing research proposal you will find:

A concise and descriptive title that communicates the study’s subject effectively.

A concise overview of the proposed research, including the research topic, methods, and anticipated results.

  • Introduction

A brief review of the research issue and background information that explains why the proposed study is necessary.

  • Literature review

 A thorough examination of current literature relevant to the research issue, including theories and research findings utilized to inform the study.

  • Research question/hypothesis

A clear statement of the research issue or hypothesis driving the investigation is required.

  • Methodology

 A description of the research strategy, data gathering, and analysis procedures, including sample size, recruiting process, data collection tools, and statistical analysis plan.

 Examining the ethical issues raised by the planned research, such as informed permission, privacy, confidentiality, and potential dangers or benefits.

A proposal for the research study’s timeframe, including significant milestones and deadlines.

A breakdown of the research study’s expected costs, including staff, equipment, and other expenses.

A list of sources used in the proposal, such as academic articles, books, and other materials.

Nursing research proposal ideas

Here are some nursing research proposal ideas:

  • The effects of mindfulness-based therapies on nurses’ levels of anxiety, stress, and depression
  • The impact of technology-based interventions on nursing care outcomes for patients
  • In acute care settings, examining the connection between nurse staffing levels and patient outcomes
  • The application of non-pharmacological pain treatment techniques to hospitalized patients
  • The success of patient-centered care in enhancing patient outcomes and satisfaction in primary care settings
  • The incidence and effects of compassion fatigue in nursing staff working in critical care environments
  • The application of telehealth to increase underserved communities’ access to healthcare
  • The efficiency of nurse-led discharge planning in lowering readmissions to hospitals
  • How a patient’s family can help improve their care at the end of life
  • The effects of a stress-reduction program based on mindfulness on how stressed and burned-out nurses feel
  • Exploring how music therapy can be used to help kids with pain and anxiety
  • How training in cultural competence helps nurses take better care of LGBTQ+ patients
  • Studying the link between the number of nurses on staff and how safe patients are in long-term care facilities
  • Finding out what it’s like for nurses to care for people with dementia in acute care settings
  • How a nutrition program led by a nurse helps patients who are malnourished get better
  • Finding out how well nurse-led programs help people stop smoking work in primary care settings
  • Finding out if preoperative education helps patients feel less anxious before surgery
  • How well do nurse-led interventions help people with long-term conditions take their medicines as prescribed

How to write a problem statement nursing

Are you wondering how to write a problem statement nursing, follow these steps:

  • Determine the issue

Choose the issue you wish to address first. This may be a problem with patient care, staff education, communication, or any other nursing-related component.

  • Identify the issue

 Clearly state the issue and how it affects nursing practice or patient outcomes. Provide clear evidence or information to back up your claims.

  • Describe the problem

Determine the problem’s extent by identifying the impacted patients or nursing staff and the environment in which the issue occurs.

  • Find the root causes

Determine the root causes of the issue. This may involve problems with personnel, instruction, coordination, or policies and procedures.

  • Discuss possible answers

 Finally, talk about possible fixes for the issue. This could involve adjusting the policies and processes, educating or training the staff, or making other interventions.

  • Provide proof

Use data, statistics, or research studies to support your problem statement. This will help to strengthen and strengthen your argument.

  • Determine the significance of the problem

 Discuss why the issue is important and how it affects patient care or nursing practice. This will help to highlight the importance of finding a solution.

  • Discuss the feasibility of the proposed solution

Include the resources needed, the likelihood of success, and potential risks or challenges. This will assist in ensuring that the proposed solution is feasible and achievable.

  • Identify potential ethical considerations

Identify potential ethical considerations for the problem and the proposed solution, such as patient autonomy, confidentiality, and informed consent. This will ensure the proposed solution is honest and adheres to professional nursing standards.

Public health research proposal

A public health research proposal describes a research effort focusing on enhancing the health of a particular group or community. A proposal typically includes a problem statement, potential research questions or hypotheses, literature evaluation, research methodology and data collection procedures, timeline, and budget.

Ideas for public health research may focus on expanding access to healthcare, analyzing the origins and risk factors of a health problem, or assessing a public health program or solution. The proposal should strongly argue why the research is essential and clearly outline the project’s aims, methodologies, and anticipated results.

How to write a problem statement for a research proposal

A problem statement concisely describes the issue or gap you want to address in your nursing research proposal. It should clearly state the problem and its significance and explain why conducting research on this topic is essential.

Here are some steps to help you how to write a problem statement for a research proposal:

  • Identify the problem

The first step in drafting a problem statement is identifying the problem. This could be a research gap or an issue in your field that needs to be addressed.

  • Present the research question

When you’ve described the problem, state the research question you’d like to solve. This should be a clear and straightforward statement explaining your research topic.

  • Describe the importance of the study

Finally, explain why conducting a study on this topic is critical. What are the possible outcomes of your research? What impact will your results have on the field?

  • Make it clear

 Your problem statement needs to be precise and narrowly targeted. Steer clear of ideas that are too general or vague to give your research a clear direction.

  • Use data and evidence

 It’s crucial to use data and evidence showing how severe and essential the issue is to support your claim. You can use data, research studies, or examples from your area of expertise to keep your argument.

  • Think about your audience

Consider who will read your research proposal and adjust the problem statement accordingly. You should emphasize the importance of the issue and its potential impact on society.

  • Keep it brief

 Your problem statement must be clear and to the point but must also include enough detail and context. Refrain from confusing your readers with unnecessary technical terms or jargon in your writing.

  • Link the problem to current literature

It’s crucial to demonstrate that you are aware of existing research on the topic and to tie your problem statement to this literature. This shows that your research builds on current knowledge and fills a field gap.

  • Provide a solution

Finally, propose a solution or hypothesis you intend to investigate further through your research. This is not a definitive answer but a suggestion for approaching the problem.

  • Be realistic

Check to see if your research question(s) are realistic and achievable within the time frame and resources you have available. Set realistic expectations and only attempt to solve a problem that is narrow enough for your research project.

Writing a nursing research proposal might seem complicated, but remember; it is only a starting point. Its goal is to convince your audience that your research is essential. You can write a persuasive research proposal that will help you get the approval you need by following the advice in this blog.

Consider working with our nursing research proposal experts at onlinenursingexams.com if you find the entire process challenging or time-consuming. We’re available to help you with your writing. You can also get a nursing research proposal sample upon request.

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How to write a nursing research proposal [10 EBP & Research Proposal Examples]

  • Carla Johnson
  • August 18, 2023
  • Academic Writing Guides

Nursing research is an important aspect of nursing practice, and it’s important to know how to write a research proposal in order to fund your studies. This article will provide tips on how to write a research proposal for Nursing and provide examples of nursing research proposals.

If you’re looking for more specific information or help with writing your own nursing research proposal, msnstudy.com has the top and most qualified writers to help with any of your assignments. All you need to do is place an order  with us and you’ll have the complete research proposal when you need it.

What is a nursing research proposal?

A nursing research proposal is a document that outlines your proposed study and the rationale for conducting it. It is important to include information about the population you will be studying, the objectives of the study, and the proposed methods of data collection. Additionally, a nursing research proposal should outline the research methodology you will use, as well as the sources of funding you will need to complete the study.

Types of nursing research proposals

There are three types of research proposals: descriptive, analytical, and experimental. Descriptive research focuses on gathering data about a nursing issue or problem. Analytical research aims to develop a hypothesis or theory about a nursing issue. Experimental research investigates the effects of a new intervention on nursing outcomes.

Some tips for writing successful nursing research proposals include:

  • Include a clearly written Executive Summary that succinctly explains the purpose of the study and how it will help improve patient care.
  • Be clear about what type of data you want to collect and how you will use it.
  • Make sure your hypotheses are grounded in evidence from previous studies.
  • Clearly state the criteria by which your study will be judged and describe how you will meet those criteria.
  • Provide details about the funding sources you will use and any other logistical considerations such as timelines.
  • Include a full description of the participants you will interview, the settings in which the study will be conducted, and the tools you will use.
  • Clearly state the hypotheses you will test and the data you will use to support them.
  • Describe how your study will be blinded or randomized so that participants cannot know which treatment they are receiving.
  • Include a full description of the statistical methods you will use.
  • Present your findings in a clear, concise manner.
  • Make sure to include a References section that includes all the research you used to reach your conclusions.

Nursing research proposals can be difficult to write and require meticulous attention to detail, but if done correctly, they can provide crucial information about how best to care for patients.

How to write a nursing research proposal

Nursing research proposals can be difficult to write, but with the right guidance, they can be a breeze. In this blog post, we will discuss some tips for writing a nursing research proposal.

Draft your proposal in advance

Before you even start writing your proposal, it is important to have a solid idea of what you want to achieve. That means drafting it out in advance. This will help you stay organized and keep your thoughts clear while you are writing. Additionally, it will allow you to see any potential holes or areas that need further clarification.

Know where your research is going and why it is important

Once you have drafted your proposal, it is time to think about why you are doing the research and what the benefits could be for patients and nurses. Convince readers that this research is necessary and worth their time and money. Remember to focus on the patient perspective as much as possible when making your case for funding.

Clearly outline your methodology and data collection methods

Your methodology section should clearly outline how you plan on collecting the data you need for your study. This includes discussing how you will collect data from participants, how you will analyze the data, and how you will report your findings. It is also important to include a description of any blinding or randomization methods you will use.

Summarize your findings in a concise way

Your results section should summarize your study’s findings in a clear, concise manner. This includes discussing the overall findings, as well as any specific findings that stood out. In addition, it is important to provide information about the implications of your research for patient care.

Include a References section

Finally, include a References section at the end of your proposal that includes all the research you used to reach your conclusions. This includes articles, books, journal articles, and other sources of information. Including a References section is essential for demonstrating credibility and rigor of your research.

Formatting a nursing research proposal or EBP Proposal Examples

There are a few things to keep in mind when formatting a nursing research proposal. The goal is to make the proposal easy to read and understand, while still being professional.

The following tips can help:

  • Use a concise and organized format. The proposal should be divided into sections that are easy to read and follow.
  • Use headings to organize your ideas. For example, you might have one heading for “Background” followed by “Objective,” “Scope of Research,” and so on. This will help readers easily see what the proposal is about and where it is going.
  • Keep your language simple and clear. Use words that people can understand, without using too many fancy terms or acronyms.
  • Use graphics sparingly, if at all. Unless they are essential for making your points, graphics can be distracting and take away from the reading experience. Stick to charts, graphs, pictures, or other visuals that support your argument rather than taking up space on the page itself.
  • Proofread carefully before submitting the proposal to make sure it is error-free and meets all requirements laid out by the funding organization.

10 Nursing Research Proposals Examples (EBP Proposal Examples)

  • Expert Answer to Benchmark Capstone Project Change Proposal NRS 493 Best Solution
  • project proposal
  • Benchmark – Evidence-Based Practice Proposal Paper Example
  • NUR-590 Evidence-Based Practice Proposal – Section F: Evaluation of Process Essay
  • Healthcare Policy Proposal – H.R. 987: Strengthening Health Care and Lowering Prescription Drug Costs Act
  • NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: PICOT Assignment
  • A Change Of Nursing Management Proposal
  • Module Pre-assessment: Change management proposal
  • Community Teaching Plan Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal
  • NRS 493 Benchmark – Capstone Project Change Proposal

If you’re looking for more specific information or help with writing your own nursing research proposal, premiumacademicaffiates.com  has the top and most qualified writers to help with any of your assignments. All you need to do is  place an order  with us and you’ll have the complete research proposal when you need it.

The Components of a Nursing Research Proposal

When writing a nursing research proposal, it is important to remember that not all proposals are the same. There are many different components that make up a nursing research proposal, and it is important to identify which component will be the most effective for your project. This section will discuss each of the components of a nursing research proposal and how to identify which one will be best for your project.

The Purpose of the Project: The first component of a nursing research proposal is the purpose of the project. This section should state what the main goals of the project are and why they are important. It is also important to explain how the proposed study will contribute to advancing knowledge in nursing.

Research Design: The second component of a nursing research proposal is the research design. This section should describe how the proposed study will be conducted and include information on sample size, margin of error, and other relevant details. It is also important to include a justification for using a particular type of research design and whether it is appropriate for this particular study.

  • Methods: The third component of a nursing research proposal is the methods section. This section should describe how data will be collected and analyzed and include information on participant recruitment, survey design, and other methodological details. It is also important to include a justification for using the chosen methods and why they are appropriate for this study.
  • Results: The fourth component of a nursing research proposal is the results section. This section should describe how the data has been analyzed and what findings have been found. Results should be presented in a clear and concise manner, and any relevant findings should be highlighted.
  • Implications for Practice: The fifth and final component of a nursing research proposal is the implications for practice section. This section should provide short summaries of the main findings and discuss how they could impact patient care. It is also important to highlight any potential future research projects that could be conducted based on the findings of the proposed study.

Nursing research is an important aspect of nursing practice, and it's important to know how to write a research proposal in order to fund your studies. This article will provide tips on how to write a research proposal for Nursing and provide examples of  nursing research proposals.

There are many types of nursing research proposals, but the most common outlines are descriptive and explanatory.

  • A descriptive proposal is designed to give the reader an understanding of the project and its goals.
  • An explanatory proposal will detail what is to be researched and how it will be done.

It is important to have a clear idea of your objectives before beginning a research project. It is also helpful to have a rough timetable for completing the study. Include information about the sample size you plan to obtain, the time period you will cover, and the resources you will need.

When writing your methodology section, be sure to include information about your study design, sampling methodologies, data collection tools, and statistical analysis methods. Be as specific as possible so that readers can understand how you plan to collect data.

The results section should provide readers with information about your findings and conclusions. This section should include a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of your study, as well as any recommendations you have for further research.

Methods: The third component of a nursing research proposal is the methods section. This section should describe how data will be collected and analyzed and include information on participant recruitment, surveydesign, and other methodological details.

Results: The fourth component of a nursing research proposal is the results section. This section should discuss the findings of the study and include any recommendations for further research.

Conclusion: The fifth and final component of a nursing research proposal is the conclusion section. This section should provide a summary of the main points made in the rest of the document and highlight any important implications of the findings.

There are a number of different ways to write a nursing research proposal. The most important thing is to be clear about your objectives and goals for the project, as well as the specific components that will be included in the final document.

If you’re considering a career in nursing research, it’s important to have a solid understanding of the process. This guide will teach you how to write a nursing research proposal, from beginning to end. By following these steps, you’ll be on your way to submitting an outstanding proposal that will help you gain access to funding for your studies.

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NUR 401: Introduction to Nursing Research

Creating a research plan.

  • Nursing Article Databases/Other Information Resources
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Sample Research Plan

The following  sample research plans  illustrate how a Research Plan can help you develop and keep track of search terms that are useful in finding information sources on your topic.  (For a blank form, and instructions on how to use it, see the  Creating a Research Plan  box below.) 

  • NUR 401 PICO Research Plan This research plan shows an example of a PICO topic and how it may help you formulate relevant search terms and strategies.
  • Sample Research Plan--Obesity

How a Research Plan Helps You Search for Sources

Why use a research plan.

A Research Plan can help you strategize about what are the most successful search terms to use in library databases to find books, articles, government documents, and more for your papers/assignments. 

Typing in your entire research question or thesis statement does not work well when using these databases to find sources

What usually happens when you do this is that one of two equally bad options, either 

  • you get thousands of hits, many of which are not relevant (and in any case, they are too numerous for you to wade through to find the valuable sources); or 
  • you get very few, or zero, hits because your number of search terms overwhelms the database.

Creating a Research Plan can help you avoid these problems

  • Keep in mind that your Research Plan is an evolving document; by the time you're finished, it may be all marked up, with some terms scratched off, and other terms added, with notes to yourself about various things to remember when searching, etc. 
  • You may also find in the course of searching for sources that one set of terms works best for finding books, while another combination may work better when searching for magazine articles, and still another when looking for journal articles.
  • Your goal is to try to find the  best combination of terms  that produces the best set of sources to satisfy your information needs.

To get an idea of how this form might look, see the  Sample Research Plan  in the box to the left below,

To get started creating your own plan, see the   Creating a Research Plan  box directly below, which contains a link to a blank Research Plan form for you to print off and fill in as needed, along with instructions on how to use this tool to help you in your research.   .

Make your search for resources more productive by using the following blank Research Plan  worksheet:

  • Research Plan A research plan helps you come up with and keep track of useful search terms to use when searching for information sources. Remember, no one set of terms is perfect; your goal is to find the best combination of terms (in each resource) to find the best sources. When switching from one info resource to another (such as from books to articles), you may need to change the combination of terms you use to be successful.

Directions:

  • Pose your topic in the form of a statement OR a question.
  • Choose 2-4 most important terms (keywords) drawn directly from your research statement/question and write each in the Keywords column in separate boxes.
  • In the synonyms column, write at least ONE synonym, or related term (broader or narrower) for each keyword.

Tip :  For ideas for synonyms/related terms, write down in the Synonyms/Related Terms column any subject headings from a helpful book or article citation record to use as potential search terms.

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  • Last Updated: Feb 9, 2024 11:35 AM
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69 Awesome Nursing Research Topics for a Winning Paper

Feeling a lack of inspiration? Our collection of the best nursing research paper topics will fix this quickly!

research proposal nursing

Great Research Topics for Nursing Students

Towards the end of your nursing degree, you will have to write a research paper to demonstrate your knowledge in the field. But before composing the research paper, you’ll complete a proposal guiding the final paper. And the topic you’ll pick for the proposal will play a big role in determining its excellence.

Nursing is a broad field, and sometimes choosing topics can be challenging. So you should take time to carefully assess various proposal topics to pick the best one. The benefits of selecting good topics include:

  • They keep you engaged and motivated – compelling nursing research topics keep writers engaged in the research process.
  • Feasibility – good proposal topics can be researched within the available time and resources.
  • Personal fulfillment – conducting research in an area you are passionate about is personally fulfilling.
  • Excellent topics address gaps in the nursing practice and help further the nursing field.
  • Meaningful research can open doors to professional growth in the field, and picking good topics is the first step.

When choosing nursing topics for research, it’s important to take your time to find one that is manageable, interesting and fulfills your academic requirements. We have some amazing proposal topics you can draw inspiration from and create your own for a unique paper. As the best research proposal writing service , we also have proposal samples to guide your writing.

nursing research topics

On top of helping you pick a topic for your proposal, feel free to consult our nursing research proposal example to understand the proper execution and guarantee a good paper. Our proposal samples are expertly crafted and should be useful for any student at any level. Take a peek at this excellent sample.

nursing research proposal example

Trending Pediatric Nursing Research Paper Topics

Want to write a proposal in pediatrics? We’ve got you covered. Here are some possible pediatric nursing research paper topics you can draw inspiration from and compose an excellent paper.

  • Best Practices for Effectively Managing Pain in Pediatric Patients
  • Nurse’s Role in Promoting Healthy Lifestyles and Preventing Childhood Obesity
  • Challenges of Family-Centered Care in Pediatric Nursing
  • Impact of Maternal Substance Use on Neonates
  • Evidence-Based Approaches for Managing Pediatric Asthma
  • Role of Pediatric Nurses in Providing End-of-life Care to Children With Life-Limiting Illnesses
  • Importance of Early Mental Health Screening in Pediatric Wards
  • Role of Pediatric Nurses in Recognizing Signs of Child Abuse and Neglect
  • Role of Family Support in Managing Diabetes in Pediatric Patients
  • Importance of Cultural Sensitivity in Providing Care to Diverse Pediatric Populations
  • Strategies for Effective Communication and Respectful Care in Pediatric Setting
  • Challenges of Remote Care to Children in Telehealth Settings

The above are great research topics for nursing students, but you need to conduct some research to assess the availability of sources to make your proposal writing smooth. Writing on a topic that’s hard to find information on can make you get stuck with the paper.

Interesting Nursing Research Topics on Adult Nursing

Adult nursing focuses on caring for adults with various health conditions, from acute to chronic illnesses. Check these interesting nursing research topics on the same:

  • Effective Communication Strategies Between Nurses and Adult Patients
  • Evidence-Based Approaches for Preventing Pressure Ulcers in Adult Patients
  • Practices for Safe Medication Administration in Adult Patients
  • Nursing Assessment Tools for Preventing Falls in the Older Adult Population
  • Approaches to Managing Chronic Pain in Adult Patients
  • Role of Family Involvement in Advance Care Planning for Adult Patients
  • Strategies for Managing Common Cardiovascular Conditions in Adult Patients
  • Role of Nurses in Promoting Health and Wellness in the Workplace for Adult Employees
  • Nurse’s Role in Educating Adult Patients About the Importance of Vaccinations
  • Strategies for Promoting Nurse Well-Being and Self-Care in Adult Healthcare Settings to Improve Job Satisfaction and Patient Management
  • Impact of Nurse-Led Educational Interventions on Medication Adherence in Adult Patients With Chronic Conditions
  • Significance of Proper Communication in Adult Care

Remember also that the best nursing research topics for students are manageable ones that guarantee an easier time when composing the proposal. So, pick wisely to have an enjoyable proposal writing experience.

Good Nursing Research Topics on Critical Care

Critical care focuses on providing intensive care and complex care to injured and critically ill individuals. Some great nursing proposal topics that will result in a superb paper in this area include:

  • Evidence-Based Strategies for Preventing Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Critically Ill Patients
  • Role of Nurses in Recognizing and Managing Sepsis Promptly
  • Approaches to Assessing and Preventing Delirium in Critically Ill Patients
  • Evidence-Based Nursing Interventions for Pain Management in Critically Ill Patients
  • The Significance of Involving Families in the Care of Critically Ill Patients
  • Role of Nurses in Hemodynamic Monitoring
  • Evidence-Based Approaches to Providing Optimal Nutritional Support for Critically Ill Patients
  • Impact of Post-intensive Care Syndrome on Patients’ Physical and Psychological Well-Being
  • Interventions to Ensure Patient Safety and Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Critical Care Settings
  • Challenges of Using Non-verbal Communication While Delivering Care to the Special Category of Patients
  • Benefits of Using Technology in Monitoring and Managing Delirium in Older Patients in ICU
  • Approaches for Preventing Healthcare-Associated Infections in ICU

Another thing to notice is the possibility of good nursing research topics to capture the reader’s attention to actual healthcare issues. Topics on critical care can achieve that, so be open-minded when choosing one for your proposal.

Nursing Research Proposal Topics on Midwifery

Midwifery nursing focuses on caring for women and newborns during pregnancy and childbirth. Midwifery research topics in nursing focus on various aspects of midwifery practice, like promoting neonatal health. Here are some excellent ones for a memorable paper.

  • The Role of Midwives in Promoting Outcomes in Home Births and Hospital Births
  • Midwifery Practices for Enhancing Maternal Outcomes in Water Births
  • Importance of Cultural Competence in Midwifery Practice
  • Role of Midwives in Identifying and Supporting Perinatal Mental Health Issues in Pregnant and Postpartum Individuals
  • Benefits of Midwifery-Led Continuity of Care Models
  • Role of Midwives in Enhancing Outcomes and Experiences of Natural Childbirth
  • Ways in Which Midwives Contribute to the Care of Pregnant Individuals With High-Risk Conditions
  • Importance of Postpartum Care Provided by Midwives
  • Role of Midwives in Advocating for Respectful and Dignified Care For Pregnant Individuals
  • Practices for Preventing Infant Injury During Delivery
  • Role of Midwives in Promoting Proper Breastfeeding Practices

Midwifery topics are among the research paper topics nursing students might find intimidating, but they are really interesting. Obstetrics and gynecology have not lost popularity over the years, and the amount of available research and developments will provide an excellent theoretical basis for a paper on almost any topic.

Mental Health Nursing Topics for Research Proposal

We have some great nursing research proposal ideas on mental health. Check out the following for a magnificent paper.

  • Effectiveness of Mindfulness Techniques in Managing Anxiety and Depression Among Individuals With Mental Health Disorders
  • Impact of Mental Health Stigma on Healthcare Professionals’ Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Patients With Mental Illnesses
  • Benefits of Incorporating Art Therapy Into Mental Wellness Practice for Enhancing Expression and Emotional Healing
  • Role of Mental Health Nurses in Promoting Medication Adherence Among Patients With Psychiatric Disorders
  • Effectiveness of Peer Support Programs in Psychiatric Inpatient Units for Fostering Connection and Recovery
  • Importance of Cultural Sensitivity in Mental Health Nursing
  • Strategies for the Development of Nurse-Patient Rapport in Virtual Mental Health Management Settings
  • The Effect of Physical Activity and Exercise on Mental Health Outcomes
  • Nurse’s Role in Promoting Exercise as Part of a Holistic Mental Wellness Plan
  • Advantages of Using Mobile Apps and Online Platforms to Deliver Mental Health Interventions
  • Strategies to Prevent Burnout and Promote Self-Care Among Mental Health Nurses

Nursing research proposal topics on mental health are great options as long as you provide enough support and evidence for your points. So, be prepared to conduct proper research for a comprehensive paper.

Nursing Topics on Evidence-Based Practice

EBP nursing topics for research proposal can be intimidating initially but provide for insightful research. Here’s a list of excellent topics for a winning proposal.

  • Barriers Nurses Face When Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Clinical Settings
  • Association Between the Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices in Nursing and Patient Outcomes
  • Evidence-Based Approaches to Improve Nursing Handoff Communication and Their Impact on Patient Safety
  • Ways in Which Electronic Health Records Facilitate the Integration of Evidence-Based Practices Into Nursing
  • Evidence-Based Approaches to Pain Assessment and Management in Nursing
  • Evidence-Based Strategies for Preventing Falls in Healthcare Settings
  • Evidence-Based Approaches for Ensuring Safe Medication Administration in Nursing
  • Evidence-Based Wound Management Practices That Promote Optimal Wound Healing and Prevent Complications
  • Evidence-Based Nursing Interventions to Prevent Pressure Ulcers
  • Effectiveness of Educational Programs Designed to Train Nurses in Evidence-Based Practice
  • Impact of Knowledge Acquisition on Implementation of Evidence-Based Interventions

When using EBP topics in nursing research paper, aim to explore the intersection between nursing practice and evidence-based approaches like the above examples.

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Choosing the right subject of investigation for your nursing proposal is a delicate process and can often be challenging. If you struggle to pick a topic despite our list or cope with so many nursing research proposal ideas, don’t worry; we’re here for you. We will help you find one that suits the best for your paper and guide you through the writing process.

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NURS 3750 - Nursing Honors Project: Research Proposals

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Nursing Research Proposals

What is a Research Proposal? 

The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline in which the problem resides, so guidelines for research proposals are more exacting and less formal than a general project proposal. Research proposals contain extensive literature reviews. They must provide persuasive evidence that a need exists for the proposed study. In addition to providing a rationale, a proposal describes detailed methodology for conducting the research consistent with requirements of the professional or academic field and a statement on anticipated outcomes and/or benefits derived from the study's completion.

Adapted from:   Krathwohl, David R.  How to Prepare a Dissertation Proposal: Suggestions for Students in Education and the Social and Behavioral Sciences . Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2005.

Your professor may assign the task of writing a research proposal for the following reasons:

  • Develop your skills in thinking about and designing a comprehensive research study;
  • Learn how to conduct a comprehensive review of the literature to ensure a research problem has not already been answered [or you may determine the problem has been answered ineffectively] and, in so doing, become better at locating scholarship related to your topic;
  • Improve your general research and writing skills;
  • Practice identifying the logical steps that must be taken to accomplish one's research goals;
  • Critically review, examine, and consider the use of different methods for gathering and analyzing data related to the research problem; and,
  • Nurture a sense of inquisitiveness within yourself and to help see yourself as an active participant in the process of doing scholarly research.

A proposal should contain all the key elements involved in designing a completed research study, with sufficient information that allows readers to assess the validity and usefulness of your proposed study. The only elements missing from a research proposal are the findings of the study and your analysis of those results. Finally, an effective proposal is judged on the quality of your writing and, therefore, it is important that your writing is coherent, clear, and compelling.

Regardless of the research problem you are investigating and the methodology you choose, all research proposals must address the following questions:

  • What do you plan to accomplish? Be clear and succinct in defining the research problem and what it is you are proposing to research.
  • Why do you want to do it? In addition to detailing your research design, you also must conduct a thorough review of the literature and provide convincing evidence that it is a topic worthy of study. Be sure to answer the "So What?" question.
  • How are you going to do it? Be sure that what you propose is doable. If you're having trouble formulating a research problem to propose investigating,  go here .

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Failure to be concise; being "all over the map" without a clear sense of purpose.
  • Failure to cite landmark works in your literature review.
  • Failure to delimit the contextual boundaries of your research [e.g., time, place, people, etc.].
  • Failure to develop a coherent and persuasive argument for the proposed research.
  • Failure to stay focused on the research problem; going off on unrelated tangents.
  • Sloppy or imprecise writing, or poor grammar.
  • Too much detail on minor issues, but not enough detail on major issues.

Adapted from: Procter, Margaret.  The Academic Proposal .  The Lab Report. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Sanford, Keith.  Information for Students: Writing a Research Proposal . Baylor University; Wong, Paul T. P.  How to Write a Research Proposal . International Network on Personal Meaning. Trinity Western University;  Writing Academic Proposals: Conferences, Articles, and Books . The Writing Lab and The OWL. Purdue University;  Writing a Research Proposal . University Library. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Adapted text found on:  https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/researchproposal

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Home > School of Health and Natural Sciences > Nursing > Senior Theses > 152

Nursing | Senior Theses

How the lockdown of covid-19 influenced the neurocognitive and psychosocial development of preschoolers.

Kay Picson , Dominican University of California Follow

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Kendra Hoepper, DNP, APRN, PNP-BC

COVID-19 caused schools to turn to online learning through platforms such as Zoom or Google Meet. The influence and effects caused by the transition to online lessons and quarantine were seen across all patient populations and demographics, but none more so than preschool children, who are regarded as one of the more vulnerable populations due to their susceptibility to change. This research aims to fill gaps in the existing literature by evaluating the similarities and differences of the neurocognitive and psychosocial development of preschoolers exposed to the pandemic and those who were not. This study involves a comparative cohort approach which includes both quantitative and qualitative surveys, in-person interviews, and observations, which will gather data from two cohorts: 100 pandemic children aged three to five and 100 pre-pandemic children aged five to seven years using measurements such as the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3), The Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI), and the Head-Toes-Knees-Shoulders (HTKS). Content analysis and descriptive statistics will also be utilized to evaluate interviews and survey questions. Participants for this study were chosen from preschools in Santa Clara county and provided parental consent for their involvement. Results indicate that both pre-pandemic and post-pandemic cohorts show differential delays in neurocognitive and psychosocial development. This research proposal contains a thorough review of literature that aids in the exploration of further research upon the research question: In preschoolers, how did social isolation compared to social interaction influence their neurocognitive and psychosocial development during the lockdown of COVID-19?

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Developing an effective quantitative research proposal

Affiliation.

  • 1 College of Nursing, Brigham Young University, 563 SWKT, Provo, UT 84602, USA. [email protected]
  • PMID: 21508722
  • DOI: 10.1097/NAN.0b013e3182117204

In 2010, the Infusion Nurses Society began work to identify research priorities for infusion nursing. Nurses need to understand the research process and become proficient in collaboration to promote research in their specialty. One of the most important components of conducting research is the written research proposal. A poorly written proposal may result in denial of funding, rejected publications, and prolonged discussion and revision at the institutional or ethics review board. This article provides an overview of the elements needed in a research proposal, identifies institutional review board requirements, and highlights important criteria for recruitment and consent of subjects.

PubMed Disclaimer

  • Is your practice research based? [No authors listed] [No authors listed] J Infus Nurs. 2011 Nov-Dec;34(6):345-6. doi: 10.1097/NAN.0b013e318234c3fe. J Infus Nurs. 2011. PMID: 22101627 No abstract available.

Similar articles

  • Exploring the institutional review board process. Nokes KM. Nokes KM. J N Y State Nurses Assoc. 1989 Sep;20(3):7-10. J N Y State Nurses Assoc. 1989. PMID: 2778556
  • An introduction to institutional review boards. Sims JM. Sims JM. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2008 Sep-Oct;27(5):223-5. doi: 10.1097/01.DCC.0000325081.78164.50. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2008. PMID: 18724181 Review.
  • A review of Delphi surveys conducted to establish research priorities by specialty nursing organizations from 1985 to 1995. Rudy SF. Rudy SF. ORL Head Neck Nurs. 1996 Spring;14(2):16-24. ORL Head Neck Nurs. 1996. PMID: 8788362 Review.
  • The National Research Service Award: strategies for developing a successful proposal. Parker B, Steeves R. Parker B, et al. J Prof Nurs. 2005 Jan-Feb;21(1):23-31. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2004.11.009. J Prof Nurs. 2005. PMID: 15682158 Review.
  • Exception from informed consent: viewpoint of institutional review boards--balancing risks to subjects, community consultation, and future directions. Ernst AA, Fish S. Ernst AA, et al. Acad Emerg Med. 2005 Nov;12(11):1050-5. doi: 10.1197/j.aem.2005.06.015. Acad Emerg Med. 2005. PMID: 16264073
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Sample Undergraduate Nursing Dissertation Proposal

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Investigating the Impact of Tube Feeding

This study seeks to explore patients’ living experience with tube feeding and how poorly they do after this intervention from their caregivers’ view as the patient may exhibit changes in cognitive or language function that affect their ability to understand or express their feelings and experiences.

The proposal opens with an introductory chapter that gives a brief overview of patients’ problems suffering from dementia. It further highlights the research objectives and the resulting research questions regarding this study.

The introduction is followed by a brief literature review that discusses previous research about dysphagia quoted in this research. The methodology section gives a compact description of how the research will collect the primary data.

It is proposed that the paper follows the structure stated below: ● Introduction o Research Objectives o Research Questions ● Literature Review ● Research Methodology & Approach ● Research Analysis ● Ethical Issues ● Limitations ● Conclusion

Introduction

Dementia cannot be classified as a specific disease. Rather it encompasses a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking, and communication abilities severely enough to interfere with daily life functioning. Dementia can be caused by either a progressive brain cell death or neurodegenerative diseases such as head injury, a stroke, or a brain tumour.

There are various types of dementia such as Alzheimer’s, vascular dementia, Mixed dementia, Lewy body dementia, and Parkinson’s disease. Dementia symptoms include memory loss, disorientation, mood changes, eating and communication difficulties (MacGill,2016).

The impact of cognitive status on the swallowing mechanism is unclear (Riquelme et al., 2016). However, Riquelme& Tristani (2014) verified a relationship between mental and physiologic changes in the swallowing mechanism for persons with cognitive decline due to dementia. Individuals with dementia experience sensory loss that disrupts bolus organization, mastication, and oral transit affecting their ability to eat and swallow.

They also experience a motor loss that disrupts airway closure and pharyngeal movement affecting their ability to initiate the swallowing process. Sensory and motor damage eventually leads to difficulty in aspiration, silent aspiration, bronchiectasis, dehydration, weight loss, and starvation (Easterling & Robbins, 2008).

Dysphagia is very common among individuals with dementia and is defined as difficulty moving food from mouth to stomach (Easterling & Robbins, 2008). Intellectual impairment is the primary cause of dysphagia in people who have dementia (Tristani, 2015).

Dysphagia impairments during the dementia stages of the disease manifested in the following manner, Initially, the individual experienced delayed pharyngeal swallow and reduced lingual movement, at the mid-stage, they experienced reduced oral preparation, pharyngeal clearance, UES opening, and aspiration, and at the advanced stage, they experienced increased aspiration pneumonia which is a common cause of death (Easterling & Robbins, 2008; Alagiakrishnan et al., 2013; Brooke & Ojo, 2015).

Dysphagia treatment options include diet modifications, positioning, feeding techniques, feeding tubes, and oral care (Easterling & Robbins, 2008).

However, the decision regarding the course of treatment depends on the symptoms of eating and drinking difficulties. The speech and language therapist is responsible for evaluating swallowing challenges and recommendations regarding diet safety; recommends the best and suitable treatment option for each case (Vitale et al., 2011; Alagiakrishnan et al., 2013).

Individuals with dementia cannot take care of their daily needs, which renders them incapable of taking adequate nutrition and hydration and leads to minimal to non-existent social interaction that accompanies mealtime. They also fail to recognize food and lose the normal physiological drivers of appetite.

They may experience apraxia that is difficult in coordinating movements, which will affect their ability to use cutlery. Furthermore, they develop physical difficulties with the act of swallowing, such as failing to manage the food bolus once it’s in the mouth (oral phase dysphagia) or aspirates when swallowing (pharyngeal phase dysphagia).

An enteral feeding tube, which uses tubes to deliver artificial nutrition and hydration, is often recommended to individuals with dementia who have significant dysphagia or have difficulty meeting their nutritional needs by mouth (Easterling & Robbins ,2008; Candy et al., 2009; Vitale et al., 2011).

This research aims to study the impact of enteral tube feeding on an individual’s quality of life suffering from dementia. To this end, a phenomenological research design will be collected to collect the primary data.

In addition to this, previously conducted studies will also be used in the form of secondary data. This proposal’s methodology section will discuss further details about the collection of data and the research design.

Research Objectives

Hence, this study’s primary aim is to explore the impact of tube feeding on the quality of life of individuals with dementia and eating problems from their caregivers’ views. Based on this main aim, the research objectives are:

● To determine how the patient fares in terms of health after the tube feeding.

● To determine whether the patient’s quality of life (QOL) improves or not.

Research Questions

Based on the aforementioned aims, the following research questions are derived which will help achieve the primary objective of this study:

1. How does tube feeding impact the quality of life of individuals with dementia and eating problems?

2. How can these impacts be categorized from the caregivers’ view?

By exploring their challenges and difficulties with the feeding tube, this study will help increase the caregivers’ knowledge and awareness and understanding regarding tube feeding usage outcomes among individuals with dementia to ultimately provide better end-of-life care for a patient with dementia.

More evidence on how this intervention impacts QOL would give context to this population’s ethical decision-making and consider if life in advanced dementia should be prolonged artificially.

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Literature Review

Tubes feeding is often used to deliver artificial nutrition and hydration to patients with significant dysphagia or difficulties meeting their nutritional needs by mouth, such as individuals with stroke, head injuries, neurological diseases, and individuals with dementia.

Dysphagia among the dementia population leads to malnutrition, dehydration, weight loss, functional decline, and decreased quality of life. The primary rationale of using it is to improve their nutritional status and QOL and prevent aspiration pneumonia (Candy, 2009; Vitale et al., 2011; Alagiakrishnan et al., 2013; Brooke & Ojo, 2015).

The common types of feeding tubes often used with dementia include nasogastric tube (NGT) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube. The NGT is a tube that passes through the nose and oesophagus until it reaches the stomach.

It is usually used in temporary and short-term feeding needs. In contrast, the PEG tube is a feeding tube passed through an endoscopic into the stomach and guided out through a permanent incision in the abdominal wall and considered for long-term use (Easterling & Robbins, 2008; Candy et al., 2009).

The risks of tube feeding among individuals with dementia have been well documented in the literature, including aspiration pneumonia, oesophagal perforation, haemorrhage, death, pressure sores, infections, fluid overload, and loss of social aspects of feeding. Some studies argue that it may increase gastric secretions (Candy et al., 2009; Brooke & Ojo, 2015).

The prevalence of dementia is predicted to rise worldwide, with an estimated 81 million people diagnosed with dementia by 2040 (Brooke & Ojo, 2015). The pervasiveness of swallowing difficulties in individuals with dementia ranges from 13 to 57% in different types of dementia.

The prevalence of tube feeding in individuals with dementia is common in nursing home residents with advanced dementia. The majority of tubes are inserted during an acute setting, with the most common cause being aspiration pneumonia and dysphagia (Alagiakrishnan et al., 2013).

A recent systematic review conducted by Brooke & Ojo (2015) revealed that the prevalence of tube feeding among individuals with dementia in Japan might be higher than in Western populations due to current guidelines.

In Japan, guidelines compiled under the Japan Gastroenterology Endoscopy Society’s supervision recommend PEG insertion for patients who cannot maintain their nutrition due to cerebrovascular disease or dementia.

The impact of these guidelines may contribute to earlier insertion of PEG tubes and the commencement of enteral nutrition in patients with dementia, ultimately leading to longer survival rates.

Multiple studies outline the outcomes of tube feeding among the dementia population. Several studies report that aspiration pneumonia may be caused by reflux of tube feeding fluid and aspiration of oral secretions.

In a systematic review conducted in 2009, two studies reported that at 6 months, 58% of enteral fed patients had aspiration pneumonia, 54% of those with NG feeding, and 67% with PEG, compared with 17% of those fed orally. However, in a recent review conducted in 2015, one observational study reported aspiration pneumonia at 5%, comparable for patients with and without dementia.

Moreover, it illustrated that enteral nutrition delivered through a PEG tube does not increase the risk of aspiration for patients with dementia than rates of aspiration pneumonia of other disease cohorts (Candy et al.,2009; Alagiakrishnan et al., 2013; Brooke & Ojo, 2015).

Alagiakrishnan et al. (2013) highlight that an observational study conducted in nursing homes with severe dementia found no difference in survival with feeding tube placement.

Another recent systematic review conducted by Brooke & Oji (2015) came out with consistent results, indicating six studies evaluating mortality that found that there is no evidence of prolonged life as a result of feeding tube use for individuals with dementia and no significant association between decreased mortality and enteral tube feeding. Some studies also argue that there may be a slightly higher death rate when tube feeding for this population and reduced QOL.

Furthermore, no study indicates that QOL was measured. However, one reported that over 6 months, 71% of 52 patients needed to be physically restrained to prevent extubation, compared with 55% of those who were not enterally fed (Vitale et al., 2011; Alagiakrishnan et al., 2013; Brooke & Ojo, 2015).

The decision to start enteral tube feeding in someone with dementia is argumentative, emotive, and ethically challenging for all involved. The decision is influenced by various complex issues such as clinical needs, local practices, physician and caregiver preferences, and whether an advanced care plan is in place.

The previously conducted studies point out that to date, the decision making regarding enteral nutrition in individuals with dementia remains ethically challenging and concerns whether informal caregivers who give consent are fully informed, both of the benefits and potential harms of this intervention, and of alternatives that might optimize QOL of the patient (Candy et al., 2009; Vitale et al., 2011; Brook & Ojo, 2015). The patient’s caregivers must be informed of all implications of tube feeding to help them decide.

Despite the issues regarding the utility of enteral tube feeding among dementia populations, it remains a common intervention regardless of the evidence suggesting that intervention is ineffective in preventing aspiration, prolonging life, improving nutrition and quality of life (QOL). According to Brook & Ojo (2015), with the expected increase in patients with dementia, enteral tube feeding is likely to become common.

Among the studies and reviews that evaluated the role of enteral feeding in individuals with dementia, no data was found about the patient’s quality of life. Some studies report that the QOL is difficult to analyze in this population as patients with advanced dementia lose their capacity to express their feelings, and family members often report conflicting opinions.

Also, some studies emphasize that further research on how this intervention impact QOL among the dementia population would give more context to the ethical consideration, and Alzheimer’s Society supports the importance of QOL rather the longevity (Candy et al., 2009; Vitale et al., 2011; Alagiakrishnan et al., 2013; Brooke & Ojo, 2015).

Research Methodology & Approach

The study will explore a patient’s living experience with tube feeding from their caregivers’ view generating a range of insightful knowledge about the impact of complications regarding tube feeding on the patient’s QOL. Since these experiences are very personal, discovering their small details would be best investigated by a phenomenological research design (Grbich, 2013). The phenomenology approach is designed to explore individuals’ experiences in depth.

As the intention is to gather detailed information about patients’ experiences during their journey while receiving artificial nutrition via tube feeding, a depth semi-structured interview method is a suitable tool to utilize.

Since it is a flexible and adaptable method, it will provide the researcher with an opportunity to listen to the participants’ views and experiences and allow probing questions to explore further ideas (Harding, 2013). Face-to-face interviews are suitable methods to facilitate honest, open responses, gain new insights, and maintain patient privacy (Creswell, 2014).

As the research intends to explore the essence of patients’ experiences in-depth through their thoughts, opinions, and experiences about the impact of tube feeding on their life, the interview will take time; hence, a smaller size of participants is appropriate. The few participants will provide access to an exciting hypothesis from a high level of information power, critical to achieving the research aim.

Research Strategies

Purposive sampling in recruiting the study’s participants will be chosen. This will facilitate obtaining an in-depth understanding of the impact of tube feeding on a patient’s QOL. Participants will be selected purposively to provide the researcher’s most information elaborated in detail (Patton, 2015).

The study will attempt to collect data from the patient’s caregiver who has dementia in a particular hospital and nursing home in the UK, specifically those diagnosed with dementia and who have received artificial nutrition via NGT or PEG.

An internet search and telephonic inquiry to the dementia care services at hospitals and nursing homes in the UK will be carried out to identify suitable participants for the study. In addition to this, approval from the registry of the dementia department from a specific hospital in the UK will be requested to recruit participants.

The sample population for this study will have the attributes listed below:

● Male and female ● Caregiver for the patient diagnosed with dementia ● The caregiver should have spent a long time with the patient.nt ● Acute hospital settings and nursing homes ● Patients ranged from 60+ years ● At any stage of the disease ● Experience eating difficulties and have been recommended eternal tube feeding

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Research analysis.

This section analyses the primary and secondary data collected from the literature sources and the interviews conducted, respectively. An effort will be made to ensure coherence between the sections of the paper.

Thematic analysis, the “process of segmentation, categorization, and relinking of aspects of the data before final interpretation” (Matthews and Ross 2010:373), will be utilized in analyzing the collected data.

This analysis facilitates working with the collected raw data, such as the raw verbal or visual data. The thematic analysis is flexible, which helps divide the data into chunks before working with it and returning to raw data throughout the analytical process (Matthews & Ross, 2010). Also, the thematic analysis will help explore and better understand the comments made by the participants.

To ensure the credibility of the study, numerous steps will be taken. These steps include:

● A verbatim transcript of the interviews ● Read the transcripts and then read back to immerse yourself in the data and accurately reflect what was said by the participant. ● Use member checking to ensure the truth value of the data. ● Provide the participants with a copy of the transcript to validate that it reflected their perspective. ● Considering reflexivity, that is, being aware of the researcher’s effect on the research process and outcomes.

Ethical Issues

The moral and ethical code conducts the paper. However, there is always a possibility that ethical issues may arise. The ethical issues that might occur in conducting this research are:

● Gaining the agreement of individuals in authority (e.g., gatekeeper) allows study participants at research sites.

● Participation will be voluntary, and it will be stressed that the consent could be withdrawn during the study.

● Anonymity and confidentiality issues anticipate that some patients may want to have their identity remain confidential. By permitting this, the researcher allows the participants to retain ownership of their voices. The consequence of this would mean that the data regarding the particular patient will be excluded in the final report.

● Since a face-to-face interview method is used while conducting this study, the interaction may be stressful due to the topic’s sensitivity.

● Emotional reactions in the interview.

● Psychological risk such as distress.

● The researcher–participant relationship can raise a range of ethical concerns such as respect for privacy, establishing honest and open interactions, and avoiding misrepresentations.

Limitations

Every study conducted encounters some limitations. Researching within a time frame often proves to be the most complex challenge. Even though using literature resources can be helpful, it may be classified as a hindrance since the studies have been conducted over different periods.

This study section will summarize and comprehensively interpret the analyzed data’s findings and answer the research questions satisfactorily.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to write an undergraduate dissertation proposal.

To write an undergraduate dissertation proposal:

  • Choose a research topic.
  • Outline objectives and research questions.
  • Describe methodology and data sources.
  • Provide a brief literature review.
  • State significance and potential outcomes.
  • Include a timeline and list of references.

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