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What are the parts of an application letter.

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Whenever you apply for a job, you’re typically directed to submit a resume and a letter of application, also known as a cover letter . If you dread writing cover letters, you aren’t alone – many people would rather avoid them altogether. They are an important part of the job search process, though, and the better your letter, the better your chances of getting the job.

If you break down the application letter into several parts, though, it is a lot less intimidating. The most important thing to remember is that the cover letter isn’t about you and what you want. It’s a letter of introduction, in which you give the employer a taste of what you are capable of and what you can do for their company. Tailor the parts of the application letter – greeting, opening, body, company knowledge and closing section – to the individual position you’re applying for, and you’ll be successful in getting calls for interviews and, ultimately, a great job.

The Greeting

Every application letter needs a greeting. How you open your letter indicates not only your level of professionalism, but also how much effort you put into researching the company and position. Therefore, a generic “To Whom It May Concern” or “Dear Sir/Madam” is likely to get your letter tossed in the trash before it’s even read.

Sometimes, you will get lucky, and you’ll have a name. Rarely does a specific name appear in a job advertisement, but it can happen. If you are sending the letter to a personal contact, or you’ve already made contact with the recipient, great. Just make sure you spell his or her name correctly, and stick with “Ms.” instead of Miss or Mrs. If you have a good relationship with the person already, you can safely use only their first name, but otherwise, be formal and professional and stick with “Dear Mr. Smith ... ,” etc.

If you don’t have a specific name, then you will have to do some research. Google and social media are your friends; many companies have corporate directories online where you can find a relevant name. Other companies deliberately make it more difficult to find individual employee names and contact information in order to protect the privacy and security of their workers. You can try calling the human resources office and asking for a name, but if all else fails, you will have to use a more generic greeting.

In this case, your best bet is to tailor the greeting to the job; for example, you might write, “Dear Senior Account Executive Hiring Manager.” By doing so, you’re indicating that you are applying for a specific job and that your letter was written for this specific person. Again, avoid bland greetings that could apply to anyone, and focus on showing your interest in this specific job.

The Opening

You’ve probably heard the statistics about how recruiters only spend a few seconds reviewing applications. Knowing that the reader is likely to make a decision about whether to schedule an interview after only skimming a few lines of your letter, it’s important to make the opening paragraph compelling enough to spur the person to read on.

The first paragraph of your application letter should be just a few lines that tell the hiring manager why you are writing, highlight an accomplishment and show your enthusiasm for the position. It should be direct and to the point; don’t waste time going on and on about how you heard about the position or how you think you are perfect for the job. Employers aren’t really interested in what you think about your qualifications. Rather, they want specific details showing that you have the skills that they need.

For example, your opening paragraph might read something like, “As a sales professional with eight years of experience in the technology field, I am interested in your Senior Account Executive opening. I have consistently met and exceeded my sales goals, increasing overall profits in my region by 15 percent. I would love the opportunity to meet with you and discuss what I could do for your company.” If you learned about the position via a mutual contact, you could add in a line like, “Jane Smith suggested that I get in touch with you regarding this position, as she thinks my skills would be valuable to your company.”

Remember that the goal of your application letter is to get an interview, and that employers are interested in what you can do for them. Don’t open your letter by discussing how you are looking for a new challenge or that you believe or think that you are perfect for the job. Employers aren’t concerned about giving you a challenge or being a rung on your career ladder, so focus on how you can benefit them.

Once you’ve grabbed the hiring manager’s attention, it’s time to get into the specifics. Because you are sending this letter with a resume, don’t waste space rehashing everything contained in that document. Instead, the body of an application letter should read like a highlight reel. What are your most impressive accomplishments? Choose those that are most relevant to the position you’re applying for, and connect the dots for the reader. Show how you can bring value to the company, and that you have the skills and experience that they need.

After briefly summarizing your experience in a few sentences, highlight your experience via short bullet points, ideally containing quantifiable achievements. In other words, don’t just say that you increased customer satisfaction – prove it, and show how much. Use numbers, performance metrics, or quotes and comments from customers or your co-workers to support your claims. If possible, incorporate keywords from the job description to make it clear to the reader how your experience relates to the specific position. For example, you could write:

“Implemented a new procedure for processing applications that increased productivity by 20 percent and reduced customer wait times by 30 percent.”

Or, “Developed a business strategy that reduced excess inventory and save the company $100,000.”

If you have quotes from former colleagues, bosses or customers that give you a glowing review, don’t be afraid to use them. But don’t go overboard – one or two is plenty.

Above all, your cover letter should reveal your personality, and show not only that you’re qualified for the position, but that you are interested in it and enthusiastic about working for the company. Entrepreneur Seth Porges, in Forbes, advised job seekers to spend some time doing some research on industry trends or history to add some flair to the application letter. For example, you might write about a recent technological innovation and how you’re excited to be a part of how it’s changing the world, or talk about how your industry has changed since you first started in it. The idea is to show the recruiter that you care, that you know the industry and that you’re curious and willing to stay up-to-date.

Highlight Your Knowledge of the Company

Once you’ve highlighted your experience and demonstrated your enthusiasm for the industry and the job, it’s worth devoting a few lines to show that you have done your homework and researched the company. If something interesting happened within the company recently, such as a new product launch or acquisition, mention it and how you’re excited to bring your skills to the company to help during this transition. If that’s not possible, research the company website to uncover the corporate mission and vision, or review its annual reports to find out the goals and major projects taking place. Relate your experience back to what you find, and your letter will stand out.

The Closing

Your final paragraph should summarize your skills (in one line) and focus on the next steps. Don’t ramble or repeat what you have already said, just succinctly state your case and ask for an interview. Although you may have been advised to tell the recipient that you’ll call to follow up at a specific time, that’s not advisable. For starters, it’s easy for the hiring manager to avoid your call. But more important, such a line can come across as pushy or arrogant, even if you think it shows that you take initiative. Instead, note that you would welcome the opportunity to meet with the recruiter to discuss your experience and potential contributions in more detail, and that you look forward to hearing from him or her. That way, you still include a call to action, but leave the control in the reader’s hands.

Special Circumstances

There are times when writing an application letter isn’t always so straightforward. For instance, if you are a student or recent graduate, you most likely don’t have a well of experience to draw from, and therefore have to get a little more creative in how you highlight your experience. Mention achievements from your summer jobs or internships, or point out coursework you completed that provides you with relevant knowledge.

Writing a cover letter can also be challenging if you have a resume gap or you are unemployed, whether it was due to a termination or by choice (such as you took time off to raise a family.) Employers are going to notice the gap, so you shouldn’t avoid it, but don’t make it the focus of your letter either. If you lost your most recent job, you might address it by focusing on what you’ve done since leaving, such as taking courses or working part-time. If you left for personal reasons, you might say something like, “Although I’m returning from a time away from the field to manage personal obligations, I have nearly two decades of experience in finance.” The idea is to address the gap, while still putting the focus on what you bring to the table.

However, be careful and selective about how much you share. Keep in mind, for example, that employers are prohibited from asking candidates about their marital status or if they have children. Sharing information about your family could inadvertently cause discrimination against you. By the same token, if you took time off from work and overcame a significant challenge, highlighting what you did and the lengths you went to to bounce back might show your strength, perseverance and determination, and impress an employer. Use your best judgment.

Don’t Forget the Basics

Your cover letter may be exceptional content-wise, but if it’s riddled with typos and grammatical errors, it’s going to land in the circular file. Put the same level of care and attention into your application letter that you do with your resume. Carefully proofread, and have someone else look it over as well to catch anything you missed. Make sure your contact information at the top of the page is correct, and don’t forget to sign the letter. It might take a little more time, but taking care of these details can make the difference between getting the job and more time pounding the pavement.

Related Articles

How to write a cover letter for a job →.

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How to write employment prospecting letters →.

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How to Write Job Application Letters →

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How to Write a Cover Letter to a Company That Does Not Have a Job Opening →

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How to Write a Letter to Explaining Why You Want a Job →

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  • How to Write a Cover Letter
  • Forbes: 6 Secrets To Writing A Great Cover Letter
  • Business Insider: 5 Common Mistakes That Recent Grads Make When Applying For Jobs
  • Monster: Unemployed? Put Your Cover letter to Work

An adjunct instructor at Central Maine Community College, Kristen Hamlin is also a freelance writer and editor, specializing in careers, business, education, and lifestyle topics. The author of Graduate! Everything You Need to Succeed After College (Capital Books), which covers everything from career and financial advice to furnishing your first apartment, her work has also appeared in Young Money, Lewiston Auburn Magazine, USA Today, and a variety of online outlets. She's also been quoted as a career expert in many newspapers and magazines, including Cosmopolitan and Parade. She has a B.A. in Communication from Stonehill College, and a Master of Liberal Studies in Creative Writing from the University of Denver.


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Job Application Letter Format and Writing Tips

application letter parts and definition

  • Tips for Writing an Application Letter

Job Application Letter Format

Job application letter template, job application letter example.

  • Job Application Email Example

A job application letter (also known as a cover letter) is a letter you send with your resume to provide information on your skills and experience. This letter is your chance to “sell” yourself to an employer, explaining why you are an ideal candidate for a position.

When you write your job application letter, it’s essential to pay close attention to formatting . There’s a right way to format a cover letter; deviate from the standard guidelines and hiring managers may drop you from consideration.

In fact, anything that makes your job application letter appear less than professional can prevent hiring managers from taking you seriously as a candidate. Make sure your cover letter is formatted properly and is free from errors before you send. 

Tips for Writing a Job Application Letter

Do not copy your resume. A cover letter is a sales pitch. The purpose of this letter is to convince the hiring manager that you’re a strong candidate and to highlight your relevant experience and abilities. Your application letter should show how exactly your background makes you a good fit for a particular position. In contrast, your resume is a general record of your experience, education, and accomplishments.

Tailor each application letter to the job. As mentioned above, emphasize in your letter why you are an ideal candidate for the specific job. This requires that you personalize each letter to fit the company and position. Match your qualifications to the job posting by highlighting the skills, experience, and requirements listed in the description.

Be professional. Application letters have a fairly rigid format—as hiring managers read your letter, they will expect to see certain information included in set areas. You have freedom within the structure to be personable, but it is important to stick to a certain level of formality. Pay particular attention to the professionalism of your salutation . You wouldn't, for instance, want to refer to the letter's recipient by their first name unless specifically requested.

Carefully proofread. Employers are likely to overlook an application with a lot of errors. Therefore, read through your cover letter, and even consider asking a friend or career counselor to read the letter. Proofread for grammar and spelling errors. Be particularly mindful to spell the letter recipient's name correctly, as well as the company name.

Follow business letter format. Use business letter format when writing your letter. If you’re sending a typed hard-copy letter, be sure to lead with a paragraph containing your address, followed by the date, followed by the address of the recipient. If you’re sending an email, you can omit the address and date sections.  

Decide whether to send a hard copy or email. The main difference in formatting an email application letter is that you need to include a subject line that clearly lays out your purpose for writing, e.g. “Graphic Designer—Joe Smith.” And, instead of placing your contact information at the top of the letter, as you would in a hard copy, you'll include it below your signature.

Since your application letter will be accompanied by your resume, make sure the letter does not duplicate your resume exactly.

Use this formatting information as a guideline when writing your customized application letters , so you know what information goes where.  

Contact Information Name Address City, State Zip Code Phone Number Email Address

Employer Contact Information (if you have it) Name Title Company Address City, State Zip Code

Salutation Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name, (leave out if you don't have a contact)

Body of Application Letter The body of your application letter lets the employer know what position you are applying for, why the employer should select you for an interview, and how you will follow up. See below for a paragraph-by-paragraph breakdown of the body of the letter.

First Paragraph The  first paragraph  of your letter should include information on why you are writing. Mention the job you are applying for and where you found the job listing. Include the name of a mutual contact, if you have one. You might conclude by briefly and concisely saying why you think you are an ideal candidate for the job.

Middle Paragraph(s) The next section of your application letter should describe what you have to offer the employer.

It can be a single paragraph, or you can break it up into a couple of paragraphs. If the section gets lengthy, you may use bullet points to break up the text. Remember, you are interpreting your resume, not repeating it.

Mention specifically how  your qualifications match the job  you are applying for. In this portion of the letter, make your case for your candidacy.

It can be helpful to spend some time researching the company —this knowledge and insight helps you make an informed and persuasive argument for your candidacy.

Use specific examples whenever possible. For example, if you say that you have lots of experience working successfully on team projects, provide an example of a time you worked in a group and achieved success.

Final Paragraph Conclude your application letter by thanking the employer for considering you for the position. Include information on how you will follow up.

Complimentary Close (examples)

Signature (for a hard copy letter)

Typed Signature

Download the job application letter template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples.

Melissa Brown 11 South Street Harbor View, Maine 04005 555-555-5555 melissa.brown@email.com

July 14, 2021

Jason Rivera Human Resources Director Avery Solutions, Inc. 700 Commerce Way Harbor View, Maine 04005

Dear Mr. Rivera,

I was excited when my former colleague, Stephanie Taylor, told me that you were hiring for a Human Resources Specialist at Avery Solutions.

Stephanie has told me how important teamwork is to your group at Avery, and how much you need an HR Specialist who can fit in with the department and hit the ground running on day one. I believe that I am the ideal candidate for your team.

In my current job at Smith Group, I created and run our onboarding program, including organizing background checks and new hire orientation. I also have extensive experience in:

  • Data reporting/data entry on HRIS software
  • Recruiting and hiring processes, including creating job descriptions and postings, screening resumes, and scheduling interviews
  • Producing company events, such as the annual company-wide picnic (100+ employees from across the country)

I’d love to speak with you about my qualifications and what I can do for your team. I’ve attached my resume for your consideration. Please don’t hesitate to contact me on my cell at 555-555-5555 with questions or to arrange an interview.

Best regards,

Signature (hard copy letter)

Melissa Brown

Job Application Email Example 

Subject Line: George Woo – Editorial Assistant

Dear Ms. Cortez,

I was excited when Ada Wilson told me that you were looking for an editorial assistant with a background in rights and research and a passion for digital media. She suggested that I throw my hat in the ring, and I’d love the opportunity to tell you more about what I can offer your team.

I’ve interned for Ada’s team for the past three summers, developing extensive experience with the rights and research process. Last year, I was instrumental in securing the rights to include Sara Frey’s poems in our digital anthology – a first for an online publisher, according to Ms. Frey’s estate.

I also have:

  • Expertise with most popular content management systems, including WordPress
  • Analytics knowledge, including expert-level facility with Google Analytics
  • A strong work ethic and commitment to meeting deadlines

I hope you’ll reach out at your convenience to tell me more about your team’s goals and needs for the coming year. You can reach me on my cell at 555-123-4567 or via email at George.Woo@email.com.

How to Get Your Application Noticed

Don’t copy your resume: Your job application letter is a sales pitch. Don’t regurgitate your resume; instead, use this document to sell the hiring manager on your skills.

Tailor your application letter to the job: Match your skills and qualifications to the job description, highlighting those that make you an ideal candidate.

Be professional: Use business letter format and be sure to proofread your letter before you send.

CareerOneStop. " How Do I Write a Cover Letter ?" Accessed July 14, 2021.

CareerOneStop. " Write Effective Cover Letters ." Accessed July 14, 2021.

Purdue University. " Writing the Basic Business Letter ." Accessed July 14, 2021.

CareerManager Blog

Essential Parts of a Job Application Cover Letter

application letter parts and definition

Applying for jobs is stressful, and having to tailor each application to the job and company in a timely manner just adds to the effort level. But if you want to stand out from the crowd of 100+ people that may apply for any job, you can’t just submit the same cover letter (or job application letter) to each hiring manager for each role.

When you’re submitting cover letters, it’s essential to get them right. From the basics, such as contact information, greeting, and salutation, to the bulk of the letter, we’ve laid out the key areas to cover and guidance for writing yours to stand out.

Note: We also have downloadable templates you can use so you don’t have to worry about coming up with your own professional designs. You can download and customize them for free from the Templates page.

As with any letter, there is an expected flow of information.


The top part of your letter sets the stage by covering some of the common elements of a greeting and contact information.

Your Contact Information

Name, mailing address, phone number(s), email address, and any social media handles if you’d like to make it easier for the employer to check you out.

application letter parts and definition

Employer Contact Information

Unlike the resume, where you don’t include information directly about the potential employer, you do in the cover letter.

application letter parts and definition

Include the date either after your own contact information or before the greeting. By providing the date, you can also reference it if you need to follow up with the potential employer if you haven’t heard back about an interview. Here are a few examples of where you can place the date in the introductory design.

application letter parts and definition

You need to address the letter to someone, but what do you do if you don’t know the name of the recruiter/hiring manager? First try to call or email the contact person listed on the job advertisement to see if you can find out who for sure will review your letter. That way, you show commitment to researching details and solidify your interest in the role. If that doesn’t work, you can always go with the customary “To Whom It May Concern.”

application letter parts and definition

Requisition Number

When a job requisition number/identifying number is included on the job posting, you should include it somewhere within the cover letter to make it very clear the exact job you’re applying for. You can place it at the top in the introductory material, and/or mention it in the body text.

application letter parts and definition

The first part of the letter was easy. The next part gets a little more challenging because you need to paint a positive picture of why this company would benefit from hiring you, but you don’t just want to rehash bullet points from your resume. To write a compelling letter, you need to answer these questions/ask yourself these questions and tie your experience to the job ad and your understanding of it. Use these prompts to help build your story rather than aimlessly tossing text into paragraphs. These prompts take some of the guesswork out.

Who I Am and How That Can Improve Your Business – Introductory paragraph

Don’t speak in general terms, just saying how many years you’ve held a certain job title or where you went to school. You also don’t want to sound self-serving by saying “I want to use this role to fulfill my goal of becoming a manager” or a similar statement. You do want to show enthusiasm for the role; just be certain that how you frame it shows the benefits you bring to the employer. Have you designed a training program that has been proven to increase employee retention? Simplified a process to reduce the number of minutes it takes to complete each task? Organized a yearly charity event to benefit the local community? Consistently worked with “difficult” team members to discover they were just in the wrong department / hired for the wrong job? Show how you can repeat these accomplishments for the new employer, based on the exact requests they’ve placed in the job ad.

Before you officially put the refined details into the introductory paragraph of your cover letter, you can jot out ideas, read them out loud, and improve them. Improvements include being specific and measurable in your details, and making sure you’re speaking directly rather than sounding too formal or forced.

In this paragraph, you’ll also want to let the hiring manager know how you learned about this open position. For example, were you referred by an employee, a long-time follower of their company who noticed the open position on Twitter, or happened upon it on a job board?

How I Have Achieved Success Before and How I Can Do it for You – Second/third paragraph

In the following body paragraphs, you elaborate on how your unique skills and experience will be an asset to the company. Don’t use generic statements like “my skills would lend well to the position.” Focus on specific skills, how they match the job ad, and support your claims with actual accomplishments from your work history (measurable, quantifiable if possible).

This is the time when you need to be persuasive, even if it feels like you’re bragging and it feels uncomfortable! It’s hard for most people to frame their talents and wins in a way that is persuasive and unique without feeling big-headed or arrogant. But it’s up to you to make it clear; no one can read between the lines.

In the last paragraph, thank them for considering your application to the role and reiterate why you’re excited to contribute to the organization and its customers. Indicate when you will follow up if you have not yet heard back from the recruiter or hiring manager. This strategy is not to sound impatient or ungracious; it’s really to make sure you are committed to the entire process of working toward earning the role, and to give the heads up in a polite and professional manner that you will continue to follow through on that commitment. Follow the standard letter format to close out your cover letter. Use a professional word such as “regards/kind regards” or “sincerely” followed by your full name.

Other Things to Consider

Keep the cover letter to one page. Even though the pages allowed has changed for resumes, you don’t need to drone on for more than a page in the letter.

You don’t need to spend money hiring and expensive graphic designer or professional career material creator, but do use some basic design elements to make the letter look professional. Simply using a letterhead template in your word processor or looking up standard letter formats on the web will guide you into clear design.

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Parts of a Cover Letter: A Detailed Breakdown of 6 Must-Have Sections

Nathan Thompson

3 takeaways

  • Learn each part of a cover letter and proper cover letter structure
  • Discover how to correctly write each section of your cover letter 
  • The best method for generating personalized cover letters in seconds with the Teal AI Resume Builder

When you’re job searching, writing a cover letter can be one of the most discouraging tasks on the list. After all, you’ve already bookmarked the job you want, researched the company, and tailored the perfect resume to match the job description. 

And now, you need to find the time (and energy) to fit all that information into a single-page cover letter.

But by knowing all the parts of a cover letter, along with how to write them, you’ll have a massive head start in the application process. 

What are the parts of a cover letter?

Before you get started creating your cover letter sections, it's important to know the main parts of a professional cover letter. Here they are in order:

  • Salutation (or greeting)
  • Opening paragraph
  • Closing paragraph

Struggling to land interviews with your current resume and cover letter? Get started with Teal’s AI Resume Builder today.

Just like there are resume sections , cover letters have sections, too.  So, first things first: should a cover letter have a header? Absolutely. 

More than just a list of ways to reach you, the header of your cover letter is your first branding opportunity. It should mirror the header of your resume to frame your application as a polished and cohesive package. 

This symmetry isn't just visually appealing; it shows a deliberate and meticulous approach to your job application.

But what should be on a cover letter header?

The key elements of a cover letter header include your:

  • Email address
  • LinkedIn URL (Optional)
  • Phone number

Here’s an example: 

Parts of a cover letter showing the header

Consider adding a link to your professional online profile, like LinkedIn, especially if you’re applying for a remote job. 

Note: Even if you’re sending an email cover letter, you should attach your letter as a PDF. First, it’s just easier to format. Second, it helps the hiring manager print or share this document with other decision-makers. 

Following the date, you’ll want to add the:

  • Name of the hiring manager 
  • The company you’re applying to 

Here’s what this looks like: 

Parts of a cover letter showing hiring manger details in the header

2. Salutation

When you’re on the hunt for a new job, first impressions matter. This is what makes the cover letter salutation so important.

This is where writing a personalized cover letter begins and where you demonstrate your interest and effort in connecting with the company on a human level. Directly addressing the hiring manager is highly recommended when you know their name. It signals respect, shows that you've done your homework, and positions you as a candidate who values personal engagement.

Why not just start your cover letter as “To whom it may concern”? 

Because in today's job market, where a lot of applications flood an inbox, a personalized greeting helps you stand out. It sets a tone of attentiveness and immediately tells the hiring manager that you pay attention to detail. 

Even this little gesture can transform a generic cover letter from a one-size-fits-all document into a tailored conversation starter that resonates with the person responsible for filling the role.

How to find the hiring manager's name

Finding the hiring manager’s name may seem difficult, but it’s often simpler than you think. 

Here are some strategies to uncover this key piece of information:

  • LinkedIn : The professional network is your first port of call. Search for the company and sift through employee listings, focusing on those with titles like “Hiring Manager,” “Recruitment Officer,” or specific department heads if you’re applying for a specialized position.
  • Company website : Sometimes, the information is hidden in plain sight on the company’s ‘Team’ or ‘About Us’ page. Larger companies might list their staff, job titles, and contact information.
  • Calling in : A direct approach can be the most effective. Call the company’s front desk or HR department. Be polite, introduce yourself, and explain that you wish to address your cover letter appropriately. Most will be happy to help.
  • Networking outreach : Rely on your network. Ask colleagues or mentors if they know who the hiring manager might be for the position you're eyeing. A mutual connection can often provide you with the name you need.
  • Social media scan : Companies often post about their team and new hires on platforms like LinkedIn, Twitter, or Instagram. A quick search might yield the right name.

If you can’t find the hiring manager's name despite your best efforts, opt for a polite and general salutation like “Dear hiring manager” or “Dear hiring team” over the impersonal “To whom it may concern.” 

This retains a level of personalization and respect for the team's collaborative hiring effort. It also sets you apart from the many others who simply wrote: “to whom it may concern.”

Write the elements of a cover letter with Teal's AI

Before you start writing the main parts of your cover letter, consider using Teal instead.

Teal’s cover letter generator pulls from the information you added to a specific resume (also extracting the main keywords and details from the job posting you’re applying to) to align your content. Then, in just a click, you’ll have a great cover letter written before your eyes.

All of the parts of a cover letter written with AI

3. Opening paragraph

The opening paragraph of your cover letter is your chance to captivate the reader's interest and set the stage for your narrative. 

When it comes to your cover letter format , this section should include a succinct introduction of who you are, a brief mention of the position you’re applying for, and a compelling reason why the role aligns perfectly with your skills and career aspirations. 

How to grab your reader’s attention in the opening paragraph

To make your entrance memorable, the opening paragraph must do more than introduce – it must intrigue. Here’s how to ensure it does that:

  • Start with a bang : Lead with a strong statement or a striking fact about your career achievements. Alternatively, a concise, bold expression of your enthusiasm for the company can be just as effective.
  • Show, don't tell : Use a mini anecdote or a powerful example from your experience that reflects your capabilities and mirrors the values or needs of the company.
  • Tailor your tone : Match the tone of your writing to the culture of the company. A startup might appreciate a more casual and innovative opener, while a traditional firm might respect a formal and straightforward approach.
  • Add some flair : Add a touch of your personality without overshadowing your professionalism. Make sure it’s a blend that conveys your unique professional identity.
  • Research results : Mention something recent about the company that impressed you, showing you’re up-to-date and genuinely interested in what they do.
  • Give the why and the what : Clearly articulate why you’re excited about the role and what you bring to the table – this is your unique value proposition.

Example of cover letter content for an opening paragraph

“Imagine a marketing strategy so engaging that it doesn't just capture attention but creates a movement. That's been the hallmark of my approach as a Marketing Manager for the past decade, where I've increased brand engagement by an average of 65% year-over-year. Inspired by [Company Name]'s recent groundbreaking campaign on sustainability—a subject close to my heart since I was just a kid—I am eager to bring my expertise in crafting compelling narratives to the role of Head of Marketing.”

You can find more cover letter samples in these marketing manager cover letter examples .

What makes this a strong opening:

  • Engages with storytelling: The opening verb is “Imagine,” which is much more engaging than something more traditional, like “My name is…”
  • Quantifiable achievements: It includes a specific, measurable achievement (increasing brand engagement by 65% year-over-year), which adds credibility to the applicant’s claims and showcases a track record of success.
  • Personal connection: There’s a personal touch with the mention of a lifelong passion for sustainability, making the applicant’s interest in the company feel genuine and deeply rooted.
  • Alignment with company values: The reference to the company’s campaign on sustainability suggests that the applicant has done their research and shares the company’s values, implying a natural cultural fit.
  • Focus on contribution: By stating a desire to bring expertise in crafting compelling narratives, the applicant immediately addresses how they can contribute to the company’s success rather than just what they wish to gain from the position.

If you can get all of those qualities to shine through in your cover letter, you’ll be more likely to get the reader over to the body of your cover letter. 

Your cover letter body is the meat of your message. It's where you dive into your professional journey, aligning your skills and experiences with the needs of the job at hand. 

This part should be structured in a clear and compelling manner, usually composed of one to three paragraphs, each serving a distinct purpose. 

The first paragraph should connect your past successes to the potential future contributions you'll make to the company. Subsequent paragraphs , like the second or third paragraph , can be used to go further into your relevant skills, experiences, and achievements while also reflecting your knowledge of the company’s goals and challenges.

How to showcase relevant skills and experiences

Here’s how to write a cover letter body that resonates with hiring managers:

  • Customize and contextualize : Tailor each example of your experience to mirror the job description. It’s about relevance—show the reader why and how your background prepares you for the specific role.
  • Quantify your impact : Use numbers and metrics to give weight to your achievements. Whether it’s increasing sales by a certain percentage or reducing costs through innovative solutions, numbers speak louder than words .
  • Problem, action, result (PAR) method : For each skill or experience you share, present the problem you encountered, the action you took, and the result of your efforts. This method illustrates your thought process and problem-solving skills.
  • Align with the company's vision : Show that you’ve done your homework by relating your experience to the company's current projects or goals. This demonstrates not just alignment but also initiative and forward-thinking.
  • Storytelling with substance : Craft your experiences into a narrative that’s engaging. Your goal is to lead the reader on a journey that showcases growth, impact, and relevance to the role.
  • Be concise, be clear : Avoid jargon and overly complex language. The body of your cover letter should be easy to read and understand, ensuring that your points are made without confusion.

Example of what should be in a cover letter body

During my tenure with XYZ Corp, a pioneer in eco-friendly packaging, I spearheaded a transition that faced significant initial resistance both internally and from our customer base. The challenge was formidable: to reframe the public's perception of sustainable packaging from a costly alternative to a savvy, consumer-driven choice. My strategy was to launch an educational campaign that highlighted not just the environmental impact but also the long-term economic benefits. This initiative not only garnered a 120% increase in consumer engagement but also positioned XYZ Corp as a thought leader in the market. In my most recent project, I led a cross-functional team to address a 15% slump in market share due to increased competition. By instituting a thorough competitor analysis and customer feedback loop, we identified key areas where our messaging fell flat. I orchestrated a brand revitalization campaign focused on our core strengths, infused with customer success stories. The result was a 25% market share rebound within the first quarter post-campaign. In each role, I've aligned my actions not only with the company's immediate goals but with a visionary outlook. For instance, anticipating the rise of AI in marketing, I initiated a successful pilot program at XYZ Corp that utilized machine learning to personalize customer interactions, leading to a 30% uptick in customer retention rates.

But remember, not every cover letter will focus on the same information. You’ll need to craft your cover letter according to the specific job you’re applying to. 

While this level of personalization may seem tedious, it’s absolutely necessary. 

5. Closing paragraph

One of the last main parts of a professional cover letter , the closing paragraph, isn’t just a summary but a strategic push to get you into the interview room. This part should reiterate your interest in the position, succinctly summarize why you’re the right fit, and express your enthusiasm about the potential to contribute to the company. 

It's also the place to include a call to action, such as expressing your desire to discuss your application in more detail in a personal interview.

How to end the cover letter on a strong note

  • Reaffirm your value : Concisely restate how your skills and experiences align with the job and can benefit the company.
  • Personal touch : Express genuine enthusiasm and confidence in your ability to perform the role. Let them feel your eagerness and readiness to take on the challenges it presents.
  • Call to action : Encourage the hiring manager to take the next step. You can say you look forward to the opportunity to discuss how you can contribute to their team or that you're eager to provide further details on how you can help achieve their goals.

Closing paragraph example in a cover letter

I am excited to contribute to [Company Name]'s innovative marketing efforts. My skill set aligns seamlessly with the objectives of the Head of Marketing position. I am eager to apply my expertise in strategic planning and digital engagement to drive impactful campaigns that resonate with your brand's vision, and I look forward to discussing how my experience and insights can support your company's success. Thank you for considering my application, and I am hopeful for the opportunity to discuss collaboration in person.

If you're looking for more inspiration, check out this comprehensive database of 1300+ cover letter examples .

6. Sign-off

A professional sign-off sets the tone for how your cover letter is received. It's the equivalent of the final handshake after a successful meeting—it should convey respect and formality. 

Here's how you can ensure your sign-off strengthens your application:

  • Choose the right closing : "Sincerely," "Best regards," and "Kind regards" are safe and professional options. If the company culture is more casual, "Best" or "Warm regards" may be suitable.
  • Include your full name : Your sign-off should always include your full name to ensure clarity and formality. If you've established a personal connection with the hiring manager, adding a handwritten signature above your typed name can add a personal touch.
  • Professional contact details : Beneath your name, include your professional contact details, such as your phone number and email address, and LinkedIn profile URL to facilitate easy follow-up.

The best way to write a cover letter 

Again, if writing a cover letter is your least favorite part of the job application, you’re not alone. It can be difficult to take all the bullet-point information from a resume and turn that into a single page of compelling and persuasive text. 

From getting the cover letter format just right to writing the actual information, it’s not an easy task. 

That’s why, with a tool like Teal’s cover letter generator , there’s simply no excuse for not having a personalized cover letter with each application. 

Simply build your resume, and with the click of a button, you can have a polished and personalized cover letter in seconds. 

Sign up for Teal today to give it a try!

Frequently Asked Questions

How long should each section of a cover letter be to maintain the reader's interest, can i include bullet points in the body of my cover letter to highlight my achievements, is it necessary to address the cover letter to a specific person, and what if i can't find a name.

application letter parts and definition

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Writing the Application Letter

Traditionally, the application letter or cover letter is a formal letter that accompanies your résumé when you apply for a position. Its purpose is to support your résumé, providing more specific details, and to explain in writing why you are a strong candidate for the specific position to which you are applying. It should not simply reiterate your résumé; it’s an opportunity for you to make a case for your candidacy in complete sentences and phrases, which gives the reader a better sense of your “voice.”

As always, it’s helpful to start by first thinking about the audience and purpose for the application letter. What information does your reader need to glean from your letter? At what point in the hiring process will they be reading it?

As you draft the letter, consider what you would want to say if you were sitting across the desk from your reader. It should be written in a formal, professional tone, but you still want it to flow like natural speech—this will make it easier for your reader to absorb the information quickly.

What to Include in the Application Letter

It can be helpful to think about writing the application letter in sections or “blocks.” This provides a basic structure for the letter; once you have an understanding of this foundation, you can customize, update, and personalize the letter for different applications and employers.

Introductory Paragraph

Open the letter with a concise, functional, and personable introduction to you as a job candidate. This is your chance to establish the essential basics of your qualifications and to set the themes and tone for the rest of the letter.

  • Name the position you’re interested in (by exact name and number, if available), and where you heard about it
  • Clearly state that you are applying for the position—remember that you are requesting (not demanding) that they consider you as a candidate for the position
  • Identify your major, year or graduation date, and school (this should be a brief preview of your educational status/area—you will go into more detail in the Education paragraph)
  • Create a theme (essentially a thesis statement) for the letter, based on the job requirements and your knowledge of the employer (this may not be possible until you write the other paragraphs, so save it for last) → NOTE: Once you have established the thesis (the key reasons for your qualifications), keep in mind that the remaining paragraphs must specifically “prove” or “show” that you possess these qualifications

Optionally, you might also take the opportunity at the beginning of the letter to express your interest in working for this particular company and/or your passion for and interest in the field—I am particularly interested in this position because… This sets a nice tone and shows that you are engaged and enthusiastic. It is also an opportunity to demonstrate your knowledge about the employer and what they do (developed through your research).

Education & Academics Paragraph(s)

Since you will have already stated your basic educational status (major/year/school) in the introductory paragraph, the purpose of this paragraph is to paint a more detailed picture of you as a student, making progress in your academic program and gaining valuable experiences along the way. Your opportunity in this paragraph is to describe your academic progress in more specific detail, explaining the activities and knowledge you are developing that most matter for this position and employer. Carefully consider what the employer will value most about your educational experiences.

  • Emphasize specific skills and knowledge that you are developing
  • Describe significant coursework or projects—don’t be afraid to focus in on a particularly compelling example or experience

If you have a lot of project experience or several key experiences that you want to highlight, this information may be written in multiple paragraphs.

This content should NOT be a laundry list of course titles. Instead, describe how your academics have shaped your understanding of the field you are entering and significant skills you are developing, but always tie it back to what the employer is looking for—stay focused on the information your audience needs and what they will care about.

Employment Paragraph (if applicable)

It is important for employers to feel that they are hiring responsible, reliable people who know how to hold down a job. If you do have work experience in this field such as a previous internship, this is a perfect time to discuss that.  If you have previous work experience, even if it’s not related to your field, this is your opportunity to describe the value of that experience—the value for you, but, more importantly, to your reader.

  • Describe your previous work experience (show, don’t tell that you’re a good employee)
  • Be specific about the company, the time frame, your responsibilities, actions and the outcomes/results
  • Focus on relevant and transferable skills developed on the job

Activities Paragraph (if applicable)

Activities and involvement in things outside of your coursework and work experiences such as student organizations, clubs, and volunteer work are a great way to show that you are a well-rounded, motivated person with good time management skills. Personal, human connections are an important part of the job application process, and describing some of these activities and interests can help your reader start to feel a more personal connection.

  • Demonstrate personality, values, and transferable skills through sports, volunteer, travel or other professional experiences
  • Describe your specific actions and involvement honestly, while still trying to connect to transferable skills and the keywords in the job posting

If the employer has a strong program for charitable giving and involvement in an area that you share an interest, that would be another opportunity to build a connection with them and show that you could embrace the company culture and values.

Concluding Paragraph

As you conclude the letter,  tie everything together, acknowledge the next steps, and end on a positive note.

  • Reference your resume (“You will find additional information on my résumé”)
  • Request (don’t demand) an interview (“I would appreciate the opportunity to meet with to learn more about the position and discuss my application”)
  • Provide contact information in the paragraph (phone number and email address)—don’t put this below your name
  • Reiterate interest in the position, the employer—another opportunity to demonstrate your knowledge about the company

A Note About Topic Sentences

As you reinforce the main idea or purpose of the letter (that you have the necessary skills, qualifications, and temperament for the job), make sure you prioritize what your reader needs to know about you and that all of the experiences you describe are meaningful to them. One good way to do that is to focus on how you construct the topic sentences. The first sentence in each paragraph should clearly explain the purpose of the information contained in that paragraph.

Begin each paragraph with a statement that connects your experience to the employer’s requirements and desired qualifications.

Topic Sentence = My experience + Why it matters

Consider how the following examples were revised to focus more on the value of the experience to the employer rather than simply stating the information about the experience.

  • Original: During the past three summers, I worked at Ray’s diner in my hometown.
  • Revised: Working at Ray’s diner in my hometown for the past three summers has taught me a lot about responsibility and reliability.
  • Original: During my freshman year, I was part of an Alternative Energy Vehicle project group.
  • Revised: I gained first-hand experience with collaborative problem solving and project management while working on an Alternative Energy Vehicle project during my freshman year.

The revised versions explicitly connect the experience (working at the diner, being on a project team) with the value and lessons learned, making it easier for your reader to understand, even while reading quickly, how this supports your qualifications.

Letter Formatting Considerations

Your application letter should use formal letter formatting. You will find detailed information about the required elements of a letter document here and more information about writing cover letters here (both are from Purdue’s Online Writing Lab).

In today’s job market, where many applications are online, the letter might be delivered in a variety of different formats. For example, it might be a PDF file uploaded to an online application system or if might be simply sent in the body of an email. In any case, consider the following as you decide how to format the letter:

  • If you are delivering it as a stand-alone file or an attachment, use a formal letter format and save it as a PDF (unless otherwise instructed).
  • If you are sending the application letter content directly in the body of an email, you do NOT typically need to include the sender’s (your) address, the date, or the recipient/inside address. You would begin the email with the greeting.

Adapted from “Preparing Job Application Materials” in A Guide to Technical Communications: Strategies & Applications” by Lynn Hall & Leah Wahlin is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0

Writing as Critical Inquiry Copyright © by Keri Sanburn Behre, Ph.D. and Kate Comer, Ph.D. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

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application letter parts and definition

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application letter parts and definition

What is an application letter?


Also known as a cover letter, an application letter is a summary of your strongest and most relevant skills and abilities that will be expanded in your resume or selection criteria. It introduces you to potential employers and highlights your suitability for the position you are applying for.

All written applications should include an application letter. In many cases, your application letter is just as important as your resume. It is unlikely that your resume will be read if your application letter doesn't make a good first impression.

The Dos and Don'ts

What to include.

At the top ↑ :

application letter parts and definition

At the bottom ↓ :

An application letter can be structured into 3 parts:


The beginning of your application letter should include:

The body of the application letter is where you 'sell yourself. It should address the key requirements stated in the job ad, describing how you have the required qualifications, knowledge, skills and experience.

Identify keywords, phrases and skills mentioned in the ad and focus on emphasising your strengths in these areas. It isn't necessary to include everything mentioned in the job ad. Instead, focus on three to five of the most important elements.

Points to remember:

  • Keep to one theme per paragraph and support your claims with examples.
  • Write persuasively
  • Explain why you are interested in the position or working for the company / organisation
  • State the value you will bring to the position
  • Identify how your achievements and skills qualify you for the role

At the end of the letter:

Sample Cover Letter

Mailing address

Telephone number(s)

Email address

Today's date

Your addressee's name

Professional title

Organisation name

Dear Mr/Ms [last name],

RE: Application for [job role], reference number [number]

Start your application letter with a statement that establishes a connection with your reader. Briefly say what job you are applying for and where you saw the job advertisement.

The mid-section of your application letter should include short paragraphs that make relevant points about how your qualifications and skills make you a good fit for the position. You should not summarise your resume. You may include bullet points here. Choose some qualifications, skills and experience that really target the position you are applying for. Do not go overboard and save information for the interview.

Your concluding paragraph should instigate the reader to contact you for an interview. Refer to any attachments added to your application. Show appreciation for consideration and say thank you.

Yours sincerely, 

(Include your contact details here if you do not add them at the top of the letter)

Further Support

Below are some useful links providing further support with:

They also include example cover letters. Please note, it is important to use examples as a guide only. DO NOT copy the examples and use them as your own.

  • What is a Cover Letter? Useful advice and tips from seek.com.
  • Cover Letters - The Good and The Bad A few simple tips from seek.com to help you get your cover letter noticed.
  • Cover Letters - Monash University More advice about format and content of a cover letter, as well as industry specific examples.

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application letter parts and definition

Application Letter: Definition, Types and How to write it

We are all familiar with writing the application of leave of absence at least once in our lives. If you can’t relate, there are countless other times application letters are written. It can be for a job, asking for permission to host a football competition on the school grounds, asking for a transfer certificate after your dad gets posted somewhere else, etc. Here, I will tell you how you will write a general application letter.

What is an Application Letter?

If you’ve been following, the letter you write when you request for something, ask permission for something or apply for something, is an application letter. It is usually a one-page letter. It can be written for domestic or professional purposes. It can also accompany documents sometimes, like job application letters. So to say, application letters encompass more than cover letters; they can be an inquiry and a request letter too.

Types of Application Letters:

Following this thread, application letters can be classified into 3 broad groups . They include:

  • Job Application Letter ( sample )
  • Academic Application Letter ( sample )
  • Personal Application Letter

Examples of job application letters include:

See cover letters

Examples of academic application letters include:

  • Application letter seeking permission
  • Scholarship application letter
  • Application for leave of absence/in advance
  • Application for a seat in the hostel
  • Application for a testimonial, etc.

Examples of personal application letters include:

  • Loan application letter
  • Rental application letter
  • Application letter for a deduction of fine
  • Application withdrawal letter
  • Internship application letter
  • Transfer application letter
  • Application letter for a travel grant, etc.

Note that these personal letters can be written person-to-person or person-to-business.

Steps on How to Write An Application Letter:

Like any other basic letter writing, the application letter starts with planning. Plan on the content, enquire about the recipient, think through about the details to include, keep things simple and short, and et voilà!

Let’s break things down.

Suppose you are writing an application to your college professor for the retake of your Microeconomics exam. Here’s how you draft your piece:

  • Start with the date.
  • Include the name of the professor, his post, department, and name of the university. Your professor can be an external or internal faculty. If he is an external faculty, mention this and the name of your university. If not, you still should include it to make things more precise. Add his contact information.
  • Follow this up with the date. Proceed to the subject line, here, application for the retake on an exam is the subject.
  • In the first paragraph, introduce yourself. Mention your name, batch, and program, followed by the course name. Now state why you are writing, which is to apply for the retake of your Microeconomics exam.
  • Next paragraph should mention the reasons for you to skip the exam. Make sure they are valid grounds. If you had been sick, attach prescriptions or documents from the appointment. If you had been away for personal issues, give brief details of the event.
  • In the closing paragraph, ask him/her to excuse you on these grounds and to retake your exam and say how it will be beneficial to you.
  • Close with your details. Don’t forget to add your contact information like the mailing ID here.

Tips to Remember:

  • Take care of the readability and white space in your letter.
  • Make sure your pints connect with each other. Don’t include irrelevant information since an application is to be concise by format.
  • Take care of grammatical and spelling errors.
  • Be sure of the dates you are writing in the letter.

Related Contents

  • Appreciation Letter: Definition, Types, and How To Write it
  • Proposal Letter : Definition and how to write it

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Understanding Job Application Letters, Functions, and How to Make It

For fresh graduates and other recent graduates, making a job application letter is something that is less familiar to do. Learn the meaning, function, and how to make the following job application letter!

Nandang Ary Pangesti - 16 August 2022

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Definition of a job application letter, function, and how to make it | Corinne Kutz Unsplash

Application letter A job application is one of the documents attached when someone applies for a job. The main function of the inclusion of a job application letter is to: recruiter find out brief data on prospective workers and the position that the prospective worker wants to apply for.

For fresh graduates and other recent graduates may make a job application letter is something that is less familiar to do. Even so, writing a correct and polite job application letter is something that must be learned. Therefore, part Human Resources (HR) management companies can glance at your profile.

What is the meaning of a job application letter? What should be included in a job application letter? What is the function of a job application letter?  The following is an explanation regarding the meaning of a job application letter. This article will be perfect for those of you who are in the process of looking for a job.

Understanding Job Application Letters

application letter parts and definition

Application letter is a letter that contains a person's application to apply for a position in a company. Usually, this letter will contain a brief identity, position or job title role who is being applied for, as well as a few sentences that might convince the company to choose the person for the position he is applying for.

A job application letter is one of the most important files for a recruitment stage in a company. Part human resource development (HRD) the company will know what position the prospective worker has registered for. A good job application letter can also be a good impression, especially for positions related to administration.

You need to remember that a job application letter is a different matter from Curriculum Vitae (CV) or curriculum vitae yes! CV is a file that makes informative data about a person's life, whether it's the education history, achievements, and skills of the owner. This letter can be read by anyone from any company because the information is general

Meanwhile, a job application letter is a letter that is more personal in nature because the letter is specifically from a job applicant for one company only.

Job Application Letter Functions

application letter parts and definition

A job application letter is not something that is attached to a company without intent. This job application letter has several functions that are very, very useful for both workers and recruiters. So what are the functions of a job application letter? The following are some of the functions of a job application letter:

  • As a written introduction media by employees to HRD and the company
  • Make HRD know who we are and what position we are applying for
  • A job application letter will usually include where prospective workers get information about job vacancies, with this the company can also evaluate which platform is more effective at attracting prospective workers.
  • A job application letter will usually provide information regarding any attachments that the prospective employee includes along with the document. That way, the company can ensure that the attachments of prospective workers are complete and nothing is scattered.

How to Make a Job Application Letter

application letter parts and definition

A job application letter is an essential document for a job seeker . Through a job application letter, a company becomes more familiar with its prospective employees, even though it is only a brief introduction.

Well , it seems less afdal when talking about a job application letter, but it does not discuss the structure of a job application letter and how to make this letter. The following is how to write a job application letter .

Write the place and date the letter was written

The first thing that needs to be done to make a job application letter is to write down the place and date the letter was written. For example:

Surakarta, 12 August 2022

Write about the letter made and the number of attachments

Next, the job candidate needs to include terms and attachments. Writing about the above letter is intended so that the company can quickly sort out the needs of the sender of the letter.

It is also necessary for prospective workers to write down the number of attachment sheets. This attachment is adjusted to any documents that you send along with your job application letter.

If you send documents directly online , make sure to send your job application letter and attached documents in only one document file! This will make it easier for HRD to check all your documents.

Here are examples of things and attachments:

Hal : Job application

Attachment : 6 Sheets

Add Mail Destination Address

The next step, prospective workers can add a destination address or company. Here are some tips for writing addresses.

  • Try to use effective sentences, there is no need to use the words To and Yth together because these two words already have the same two meanings. It's better if you use only Dear.
  • The address is better not to exceed 3 lines so that the contents of the letter are shorter, denser, and clearer.
  • Write the description "Road" without abbreviation
  • No need to use a period at the end of each line

Example of writing address:

DailySocial.id Personal personnel

at Jalan Tebet Timur Dalam II No.14, Jakarta

Write Best Regards and Letter Opener

Greetings and the opening text is an important part of the letter because it will give an impression to the reader. The greeting that is usually included in a formal letter such as a job application letter is "With respect". 

Add Letter Content

After writing the opening, of course, the letter writer needs to write down the contents that will state the need for the letter. In addition, this section will contain the identity of the sender and a statement regarding the attachment of documents other than the job application letter.

Write a Closing Job Application Letter

Next, another job application letter structure is closing. The phrase that should not be missed in your job application letter is a thank you for recruiter .

Give Closing Greetings and Sign Full Name

Finally, make sure you have added closing greetings and put your signature and full name at the end of the letter. Well Besides that, what is no less important is to make a list of what documents you attach other than that good job application letter fillet that you send by electronic mail (email) or via physical mail envelopes.

Sample job application letter

on Jalan Tebet Timur Dalam II No.14

Yours faithfully

Based on the information I got from DailySocial.id's official Twitter account on May 10, 2022, I know that DailySocial.id is opening job vacancies for interns in the field of internal content writer . I hereby volunteer for the position, as for my data as follows.

us : Nandang Ary Pangesti

gender : Woman

mobile number : 0838xxxxxx

Email : [email protected]

I have writing experience from the Student Press and Publishing Agency organization. With the experience I've had, I'm sure I can do the job in the position I'm applying for. I have high hopes for the fulfillment of this job application. For your attention, I thank you.

Yours faithfully.

Nandang Ary Pangesti

Appendix List:

  • Curriculum Vitae (CV)
  • Transcripts
  • Recent Photo
  • Certificate
  • Police Record Certificate (SKCK)

Well , that was a discussion related to a job application letter. A job application letter can be an introduction and introduction to the story sheet of a worker in a company.

Make a good job application letter so that the company's HR will glance at you. Don't forget to use polite language. Hopefully there will be good news soon for friends job seeker who is looking for a job huh! Have a good fight!


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First-Year Application Process

Application timeline.

We are currently accepting applications for Fall 2024.

St. Thomas offers two admissions types – Early Action (EA) and Regular Decision (RD). Both are free and completely non-binding, so you don't have to commit to St. Thomas until May 1.

  • November 1 – Early Action Deadline
  • January 15 – Regular Decision Deadline
  • After January 15 – Applications reviewed on a rolling basis

What are we looking for?

There's no single thing we look for in an application. Each is evaluated holistically with your academic, extracurricular and personal achievements all considered.

We encourage students to provide a variety of details in their applications, including your academic records and insight into the experiences that have made you who you are.

Overall, the goal of our admissions process is to identify students who will succeed in the classroom while also contributing to our university and the broader community in diverse and meaningful ways.

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Apply online (for free) using the Common App or our application for First-time, First-year Students:

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Does this sound like you?

To give you a sense about what successful applicants look like, here are some facts about our most recent first-year class:

  • Middle 50 percent high school GPA: 3.4-3.9
  • Middle 50 percent ACT: 24-29
  • Middle 50 percent SAT: 1120-1360

Note: St. Thomas is a test optional school and students are not required to submit ACT or SAT test scores as part of their application. See our test optional policy for guidance on whether or not to submit your scores.

Parts of the Application

Transcript(s), test scores, essay questions, letters of recommendation, transcript(s) (required).

We require high school transcripts be sent to us before your application can be reviewed. This transcript must include your entire set of high school grades and courses to date.

We will accept unofficial transcripts for your application. You may submit an unofficial transcript by downloading it from your school system and sending it to [email protected] or your admissions counselor .

If you've attended multiple high schools – and your entire record isn't included on the transcript of your current high school – you're required to submit an official transcript from your previous high school(s) as well.

If you've taken college classes before, we recommend you submit official college transcripts as well – though this IS NOT required.

Students who are admitted and enroll: Please note that an OFFICIAL transcript will be required prior to starting classes at St. Thomas. This official transcript will need to be sent directly from your school and include your graduation date.

Impacts from COVID-19 We know that COVID-19 may have affected the way your school awards grades. We encourage you to share your story when applying for admission. Let us know how COVID-19 impacted your learning and grades/GPA.

Test Scores (Optional)

St. Thomas is a test optional school, which means that students are not required to submit ACT or SAT test scores as part of their application.

Our test optional page has more information about this policy and offers guidance about whether or not to submit your scores. Please contact your admissions counselor if you have any questions.

If you do choose to submit your test scores, you can self-report your highest composite and subject scores for the ACT and/or SAT on the application. Your scores DO NOT need to be officially sent to us during the application process.

Essay Questions (Recommended)

Though you aren't technically required to answer our essay questions, we highly recommend that you do – especially if you apply without test scores.*

Responses to these questions are used to understand the demographics of our applicant pool and may also be used for other limited purposes after an admission decision (for example, communication about student clubs or organizations that may be of interest) Your information regarding gender, pronouns, race and ethnicity will not be visible to the admissions committee and are not considered during the University of St. Thomas application review.

Below are the current essay prompts. You can choose to write about them or to submit a different personal essay of your choosing. We want to learn a little about you as a person, so please submit an essay that will help us do that.

  • Discuss a meaningful contribution you have made through involvement in school, church, community activities or family responsibilities.
  • Describe an event, a person or an educational experience that has had a major impact on your life and why.
  • Share additional information about your personal story that would be beneficial to the application review process. What do you want the readers to know about you apart from courses and academic credentials?
  • Provide an explanation of your transcript record. Is there anything on your transcript that you would like to share more information about with the admissions committee?

We recommend that your essay be one to two pages long.

We also ask a second essay question about your experience with diversity and inclusion. This essay is also optional, but will give you a chance to reflect and speak from your heart.

* If you're applying without a standardized test, we strongly recommend submitting both essays to provide a more well-rounded understanding of your experience.

Letters of Recommendation (Recommended)

Though it's not required, we suggest that you submit one or two letters of recommendation from teachers or other people in your life who can help us get to know you better as we review your application.

Recommenders can email letters to [email protected] or your admissions counselor .


  1. What Are the Parts of an Application Letter?

    It's a letter of introduction, in which you give the employer a taste of what you are capable of and what you can do for their company. Tailor the parts of the application letter - greeting, opening, body, company knowledge and closing section - to the individual position you're applying for, and you'll be successful in getting calls ...

  2. How To Write an Application Letter (With Template and Example)

    Follow these steps to compose a compelling application letter: 1. Research the company and job opening. Thoroughly research the company you're applying to and the specifications of the open position. The more you know about the job, the better you can customize your application letter. Look for details like:

  3. Application letter: definition, tips and a sample you can use ...

    Creating a draft of an application letter can help you craft your sentences correctly and notice information that you find lacking as you craft it. 2. Create an outline for your letter. You should divide your application letter into three essential parts: the introduction, the body paragraph, and the conclusion.

  4. 7 Key Components of an Effective Cover Letter

    A great cover letter uses a logical progression of ideas to advertise your skills. There are seven sections that every cover letter should include to fit employer expectations and highlight your best qualities: 1. Header. All cover letters start with a header that includes your contact information. People often use the same header for their ...

  5. Job Application Letter Format and Writing Tips

    Don't copy your resume: Your job application letter is a sales pitch. Don't regurgitate your resume; instead, use this document to sell the hiring manager on your skills. Tailor your application letter to the job: Match your skills and qualifications to the job description, highlighting those that make you an ideal candidate.

  6. How to Write an Application Letter—Examples & Guide

    Letters of application are essential in the job market, so don't risk losing to other candidates just because you didn't write one. 2. Address Your Letter of Application Properly. Addressing an application letter is simple. Firstly, include your contact information in the header of the application letter : Full name.

  7. How to Write a Letter of Application (Example & Tips)

    No hard numbers. "I worked in a team and provided customer service to elderly residents". 5. Choose engaging words for your application letter. Your letter of application's length should be 250 to 400 words or 3 to 4 paragraphs — long enough to get your point across but short enough that the reader won't lose interest.

  8. What is a Cover Letter? Definition & Examples

    An application cover letter is the most common type of cover letter and is used to apply to an open job position - think of it as the default cover letter. Your application cover letter should briefly outline your professional experience and skills, and make a compelling argument for why you're the ideal person for a job. ...

  9. Parts of a Cover Letter & How to Structure its Components

    Key Takeaway. Hopefully now you know what exactly a cover letter consists of and which parts of a cover letter go where. Remember, the right cover letter structure consists of: Cover letter header. Cover letter salutation. Cover letter body which includes the first, second, and third paragraphs. Cover letter closing.

  10. Job Application Letter: Examples, What to Include & Writing Tips

    A job application letter explains why you're applying for this position and what makes you qualified. An application letter closely resembles the function of a cover letter. It demonstrates your relevant qualifications for the position and convinces the employer to call you for an interview. This article will guide you on how to write an application letter for employment and feature samples of ...

  11. How to Write an Effective Application Letter [with Example & Tips]

    Choose an appropriate font for your application letter, like Calibri or Helvetica. Set the font size between 10 and 12 pt. Adjust margins to at least 1 inch on all sides. Use 1.0 or 1.15 line spacing and insert an additional line between paragraphs. Align text to the left or use justified alignment.

  12. Letter of Application: Job Example, Format & How-To Guide

    Format of an Application Letter. Create enough spacing: 1-1.15 between lines, 1-inch margins, double space between paragraphs. Choose the font: Garamond, Helvetica, or Arial in 11-12 points in a font size. Align the content to the left. Pick the file format: PDF, unless the recruiter requested a Word file specifically.

  13. Essential Parts of a Job Application Cover Letter

    When you're submitting cover letters, it's essential to get them right. From the basics, such as contact information, greeting, and salutation, to the bulk of the letter, we've laid out the key areas to cover and guidance for writing yours to stand out. Note: We also have downloadable templates you can use so you don't have to worry ...

  14. Parts of a Cover Letter: A Detailed Breakdown of 6 Must-Have Sections

    2. Salutation. When you're on the hunt for a new job, first impressions matter. This is what makes the cover letter salutation so important. This is where writing a personalized cover letter begins and where you demonstrate your interest and effort in connecting with the company on a human level.

  15. Writing the Application Letter

    Open the letter with a concise, functional, and personable introduction to you as a job candidate. This is your chance to establish the essential basics of your qualifications and to set the themes and tone for the rest of the letter. Name the position you're interested in (by exact name and number, if available), and where you heard about it.

  16. Writing a cover letter: structure, content, tips & tricks

    Normally, application documents include a resume, any relevant certificates, work portfolios, and possibly also a motivational letter. However, the actual application itself takes place in the cover letter, where you address the recipient directly and explain why you are interested in the advertised position and what qualifications you have. In ...

  17. Application Letter

    An application letter can be structured into 3 parts: Introduction. The beginning of your application letter should include: The position you are applying for. Where you saw the job advertisement. A sentence or 2 about why you think you are a great fit for the role and the organisation. Body.

  18. Application Letter vs. Cover Letter: Definitions and Differences

    While a cover letter contains similar information to an application letter, a cover letter provides brief details about your experience, skills and goals. It talks about a specific job opening that you have an interest in pursuing. Having a solid cover letter may help a hiring manager notice your resume.

  19. Application Letter: Definition, Types and How to write it

    Application for a seat in the hostel. Application for a testimonial, etc. Examples of personal application letters include: Loan application letter. Rental application letter. Application letter for a deduction of fine. Application withdrawal letter. Internship application letter. Transfer application letter.

  20. How to format an application letter

    The document outlines the typical parts of an application letter, including: 1) the sender's address, 2) the date, 3) the recipient's address, 4) salutation, 5) body, 6) closing, and 7) signature. It provides additional notes on writing the body to: tell where you learned of the job, state the position desired, highlight relevant skills, and convince the recipient you can perform the job well ...

  21. APPLICATION LETTER definition

    APPLICATION LETTER meaning: a letter that you write to a company when you are applying for a job: . Learn more.

  22. Job Application Letter: Definition, Structure, and Examples

    A job application letter is a letter that is usually used as a cover letter when an applicant wants to apply for a job at a company. Usually a job application letter consists of only one page and contains only a few main paragraphs. Structure Application letter. Well, in making a job application letter, there is a structure that must be ...

  23. Understanding Job Application Letters, Functions, and How to Make It

    Application letter A job application is one of the documents attached when someone applies for a job. The main function of the inclusion of a job application letter is to: recruiter find out brief data on prospective workers and the position that the prospective worker wants to apply for. For fresh graduates and other recent graduates may make ...

  24. Application Process

    First-Year Application Process. Application Timeline. We are currently accepting applications for Fall 2024. St. Thomas offers two admissions types - Early Action (EA) and Regular Decision (RD). Both are free and completely non-binding, so you don't have to commit to St. Thomas until May 1. November 1 - Early Action Deadline.