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Doctor of Education in Leadership

Quick facts.

School: School of Education

Mode: Entirely Online

Next Start Date:

Total Classes:

Weeks Per Class:

Total Credit Hours: 48

The Ed.D. in leadership is a 48-hour, 36-month program which centers on  action-oriented  andragogy and curriculum, includes the application of theory and research, and focuses on addressing practitioners’ problems of practice, culminating in a  collaborative group Capstone study the final year in the program.

The Department of Educational Leadership is a member of the  Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate  (CPED)  which ascribes to six critical guiding principles for Ed.D. Programs.

The EdD online program offers engaging and collaborative learning designed to accommodate the lives of our students, who are working professionals leading in a variety of organizations. We do this via a choice of in-person learning or online learning comprised of interactive lessons students can complete within dedicated timeframes and synchronous discussions via online conferencing platforms.

To build relationships and support for success in the program, all EdD students attend three face-to-face, on campus Saturday sessions in their first summer and two face-to-face on campus Saturday sessions in the 2nd summer.

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Doctoral Programs

Leading. Finding solutions.

Be part of the conversation around solutions to unprecedented challenges in educational settings across the country and globe. Blend your past professional and academic experiences into a rewarding specialized doctoral program.

Through our doctoral programs, our students have access to our School of Education research , labs , cross-disciplinary collaboration , affiliate centers , and faculty and staff practitioner knowledge to develop relevant research to improve the field of study and wider local and global community. Here is a full list of our doctoral program options across three programs :

  • Ed.D. in Leadership
  • Art Education concentration
  • Counselor Education and Supervision concentration
  • Curriculum, Culture and Change concentration
  • Educational Leadership, Policy and Justice concentration
  • Educational Psychology concentration
  • Research, Assessment and Evaluation concentration
  • Ph.D. in Special Education

The VCU Holmes Scholars Program  is a selective program that provides accepted doctoral students from  historically underrepresented groups  with resources and professional development to best position them for  tenure track faculty positions in high (R2) and very high (R1) research universities . Our cross-disciplinary scholars create a network that leverages the collective and individual strengths of each member to maximize their VCU School of Education program. Learn more about how we live our values  through the Holmes program!

Our Three Doctoral Programs


Our is a great resource to review what research is currently being conducted at the school. This may help you identify a specific content area of interest, or a few, to help narrow your track options.

After identifying a few research areas of interest, review the key faculty who are researching in those areas and their research interests in our directory .

As you are debating tracks, contact [email protected] to schedule a meeting with our recruitment specialist to talk through your research interests, past academic and professional experiences, and where you hope to go in your future career.

The Ed.D. in leadership engages leaders of learning organizations with practitioner-oriented knowledge and skills, authentic leadership and research experiences, and opportunities for reflection that will enable them to succeed in a variety of organizational leadership positions. Three analytic lenses (equity, accountability and learning theory) guide coursework and enable students from diverse backgrounds to consider learning through common perspectives. The Ed.D. is a 48-hour, 36-month program which centers on action-oriented andragogy and curriculum, includes the application of theory and research, and focuses on addressing practitioners’ problems of practice, culminating in the Capstone study the final year in the program.

The Ph.D. in education prepares individuals for leadership in a variety of educational arenas, including school administration, curriculum and instruction, research and evaluation, special education and disabilities, as well as private and public organizations and agencies. Students are provided opportunities to build on one’s life experiences and interests through the advanced study of important ideas and practices, through the conduct and application of research, and through interactions with Ph.D. students and professors from departments across the university.

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Jenna Lenhardt, Ph.D.

VCU Education @VCUSOE - May 14

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10 Best Online Doctoral Programs in Virginia (or DC)

With an increase in demand for specialized professionals in fields such as healthcare and nursing, business, education, plus the arts and sciences, earning a fully online doctoral degree is becoming a desirable path for students and professionals who wish to advance their careers to become leaders in their fields while maintaining a relatively low student loan debt and high degree of flexibility in learning. All institutions in this list are fully accredited and offer fully or hybrid doctoral degrees online.

1. Regent University

thirty-three fully online doctoral programs in a variety of disciplines including Communications, Education, Ministry and Divinity, Healthcare Leadership, Psychology, STEM, and fourteen programs with varied options in Business and Leadership. Through consistent and exponential growth as a global center for Christian thought and action, students from around the world now come to Regent in order to complete their doctoral programs in an online environment that supports flexibility in learning while fostering education and Christian leadership.

2. Liberty University

Liberty University Online prepare students for leadership roles in their fields through rigorous academics and accessible advisement and guidance from qualified professors. The university has twenty-three online doctoral programs in areas such as Business Administration, Nursing, Ministry, Worship, Education, and Philosophy. The Doctor of Business Administration includes eleven concentrations. Students serious about a career in Christian theology flock to the Doctor of Philosophy in Theology and Apologetics. All online programs at Liberty have the highest possible accreditation available through the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Additionally the school is focused on affordability and has not increased the tuition costs for any online doctoral program in over three years.

3. Old Dominion University

Doctorate Programs offered at Old Dominion University are equally accredited and as competitive as the doctoral degree programs offered on campus. Instructors bring real world experiences to the virtual classroom through research opportunities. Students can choose from a PhD in Education for Instructional Design and Technology or Human Resources Training, or degrees in Nursing or Philosophy. There are a total of seven online doctoral degrees offered in all.

4. Virginia Commonwealth University

Virginia Commonwealth University online school offers a total of five degrees at the doctoral level offered in a variety of formats: synchronous, asynchronous, fully online and through video conference. All degrees are focused on healthcare including a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP), a PhD in Nursing or Health Related Sciences, plus a Doctorate in Nurse Anesthesia Practice (DNAP), which is one of the most prestigious and sought after careers for nurses seeking to specialize their practice.

5. George Washington University

George Washington University online to study the arts, engineering, law, education, medicine and health, and more. Online doctoral degrees can be earned in Nursing or Engineering, including a Doctor of Engineering in Engineering Management or a Doctor of Philosophy in Systems Engineering. The online university offers a total of five doctoral nursing degrees, including post-BSN or post-MSN opportunities in areas such as Adult-Gerontology Primary Care, and Executive Leadership.

6. Hampton University

Hampton University is today a progressive institution offering a wide range of degree programs from the undergraduate to graduate levels in areas from the arts to business to specialized doctorate degrees online and on campus. Located at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, students from across the globe attend college at Hampton annually, both on campus and online. Web based programs are available for students who wish to advance their professional careers while attending school and maintaining freedom in scheduling and learning. Online doctoral degrees offered at Hampton include PhDs in Business Administration, Counselor Education and Supervisions, Educational Management, and Nursing. Students cna also earn their Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) fully online at Hampton.

7. Shenandoah University

Shenandoah University online students can earn two fully online doctoral degrees in the education field for Administrative Leadership, or in the field of Pharmacy. The Nontraditional Doctor of Pharmacy (NTDP) degree provides practicing pharmacists with the opportunity to further their careers while still having the flexibility to continue work in such a competitive and ever changing field of work.

8. University of Virginia in Charlottesville

Instructional Science & Technology can be obtained fully online.

9. Radford University

Radford University is a comprehensive public university located in the breathtaking blue ridge mountains of Virginia. The institution prides itself in its history of sustainability and is recognized nationally for it’s efforts. Today the school embraces a healthy combination of innovation and tradition while educating students across disciplines from around the world. The online university at Radford offers a number of degrees at the post-baccalaureate levels, including one Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree. The research-based DNP degree can be attained both post-BSN or post-MSN and promotes flexibility while maintaining quality, and students benefit from 1,000 clinical hours each in addition to their coursework.

10. University of Fairfax

the Doctorate of Information Assurance (DIA) and students from across the nation come to learn from the most distinguished cybersecurity educators and leaders in the world. All coursework is project driven and can be accessed from any part of the world with an internet connection. Students benefit from flexible scheduling, one on one advisement, and opportunities to easily communicate with professors and other students through the online platform.

Higher Education (Ph.D.)


Higher Education & Student Affairs Program (M.A.Ed.) ▼

Higher education doctoral program (ph.d.) ▼, hed graduate certificate program  ▼, soe offices and resources ▼, program overview.

Our Philosophy: The Ph.D. in Higher Education is a 96-hour program that prepares graduates for a broad range of administrative and leadership positions in colleges and universities, including roles in academic affairs, student affairs, policy, planning, resource management, assessment, enrollment management, outreach and engagement, advancement, and equity, diversity, and inclusion, among others. 

Some graduates work for professional associations or as policy analysts for state and federal agencies. The program also prepares students for faculty positions in graduate programs in student affairs and higher education.

Social justice and scholarly rigor are essential to the philosophical foundations of the program and the curriculum. Together, the program and the curriculum prepare graduates to emphasize social justice in their research and practice. 

an ipad sits atop a pile of books


Graduates from the Higher Education Doctoral Program will acquire knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes in three specific areas:

  • Professional Practice,
  • Scholarship,
  • Professional Involvement, and Service

The Higher Education Doctoral Program curriculum consists of a minimum of 96 semester hours of graduate study in five areas, which includes the dissertation. The five areas are listed below, with a partial list of courses offered to meet the requirement; other courses offered at Virginia Tech may be used to meet the requirements. An asterisk (*) next to a course indicates that the course is required, as long as it is offered during the student’s time in coursework. If it is not offered, the faculty advisor will approve an appropriate substitution.

Please note that you will work with your faculty advisor to select appropriate courses to meet your personal academic needs.


  • EDHE 6044: Governance and Policy in Education *
  • EDHE 6064: Higher Education in the United States *
  • EDHE 6084: Financial Administration in Higher Education *
  • EDHE 6094: University Leadership *
  • EDHE 6274: Higher Education Law *
  • EDHE 6304: Theories of Educational Organizations *
  • EDHE 6404: Designing Research Proposals in Education *

Advanced Theories of College Student Development * (Note: title and course number under review)

Concentration/applied studies (15 hours).

  • EDHE 5304: Introduction to Student Affairs Profession
  • EDHE 5314: Theories of College Student Development
  • EDHE 5334: The College Student & the College Environment
  • EDHE 5404: Staffing Practices in Education
  • EDHE 5984: Special Topics: Crisis Management in Higher Education
  • EDHE 6974: Independent Study **
  • EDHE 7714: Internship **

Cognate (9 hours)

Dissertation (30 required hours).

  • EDHE 7994: Research and Dissertation


  • EDRE 6605: Quantitative Research Methods in Education I *
  • EDRE 6606: Quantitative Research Methods in Education II *
  • EDRE 6504: Qualitative Methods in Educational Research I *
  • EDRE 6524: Qualitative Methods in Educational Research II *
  • Note: beyond the core research courses, students will select at least two advanced courses, intended to strengthen their overall competence in research and evaluation theory and methods or to develop a specific skill required for dissertation research

** Note: Students consult with a faculty member to arrange Internships and Independent Studies

Since doctoral students matriculate with varying degrees of professional experience and master’s degrees from different institutions, each student’s program of doctoral study is individually designed and may include courses that are transferred in from the student’s master’s degree program.

The faculty advisor and student examine the student’s preparation and design a program of study that complements and enhances the student’s educational and professional experience and interests.

The  Doctoral Program Guide  provides detailed information on the curriculum, phases of doctoral studies and benchmarks along the way, and general expectations of students.


The Ph.D. in  Higher Education  is not awarded solely on the basis of coursework completion. To graduate, each student must also conduct an original research study culminating in the presentation and defense of a dissertation. The Ph.D. dissertation demonstrates the student’s ability to conduct original, rigorous research that contributes to the interdisciplinary field of higher education. Drawing on the knowledge and skills accumulated across their courses and relevant professional experiences, students develop a topic and design the study with input and approval from their dissertation chair and advisory committee.

Most students write their dissertations in the traditional five-chapter format (i.e., as a research paper with an introduction, literature review, methodology section, findings, and discussion and implications for practice, research, and policy).  Other options such as a journal article dissertation are available.  Students work with the dissertation chairs and committees to determine the best format for their dissertation.

Course Descriptions

Edhe 5304 - introduction to the student affairs profession.

History, philosophy, and goals of the student affairs profession in American higher education. Standards and contexts for student affairs, including scholarly literature related to students and student organizational culture, ethical principles, and professional and quality standards. Pre: Graduate standing.

Credit Hour(s): 3

Lecture Hour(s): 3

Level: Graduate

Instruction Type(s): Lecture

EDHE 5314 - Theories of College Student Development

Theories of college student development. Foundational, integrative, and social identity theories, fundamental criticisms of well-known student development theories, identification of current student populations affected, and applying theories to student affairs practice and personal development. Pre: Graduate standing.

EDHE 5334 - The American College Student and the College Environment

Study of the characteristics and attitudes of traditional and nontraditional college students; effect of the college environment on students.



EDHE 5404 - Staffing Practices in Higher Education

Study of human resource management in education. Emphasis on recruitment and selection, orientation, supervision, staff development, performance appraisal, and separation. Application of a human resource development perspective guides research and assessment of current and future practices. Pre: Graduate standing.

Instruction Type(s): Lecture, Online Lecture

EDHE 5984 - Special Study

Credit Hour(s): 1 TO 19

Lecture Hour(s): 1 TO 19

EDHE 6044 - Governance and Policy in Education

Antecedents of public policy affecting education in the United States, and the relationships between policy making and implementation and educational administration.

EDHE 6064 - Higher Education in the United States

Diversity of institutions of higher learning is examined through variations in the respective goals and purposes of distinct types of institutions and examined through variations in the constituencies served by different types of institutions and their differential impact on students and faculty.

EDHE 6084 - Financial Administration in Higher Education

Financing higher education. Emphasis on examination of the revenue source and patterns of funding and the roles of federal, state, and local governments in the fiscal support of higher education. Methods for the determination of institutional resource allocation, program and financial planning, and the internal allocation and effective use of resources.

EDHE 6094 - Educational Administration Processes and Skills

College and university leadership and administration. Focus on executive leadership, governance, development, research, outreach and engagement. Pre: Graduate standing.

EDHE 6274 - Higher Education Law

Edhe 6304 - theories of educational organizations.

Study of educational organization theory and behavior. Emphasis will be given to understanding institutional structures and cultures in their educational, social, economic, and political contexts with a view toward organization improvement, development, and reform.

EDHE 6404 - Higher Education Research Proposal Design

Conceptualize and write elements of a research proposal suitable for a doctoral dissertation including topic selection, literature reviews, conceptual frameworks, research questions/hypotheses, and select research techniques appropriate for gathering data. Pre: EDRE 6605, EDRE 6606, and EDRE 6524.

Prerequisite(s): EDRE 6605, EDRE 6606, EDRE 6524

EDHE 6974 - Independent Study

Lecture Hour(s):

Instruction Type(s): Research

EDHE 7714 - Internship in Education

Planned program of advanced clinical practice in education through assignment under direct supervision of outstanding practitioner for periods of up to two semesters. (Maximum 24C).

Credit Hour(s): 1 TO 24

Lecture Hour(s): 1 TO 24

EDHE 7994 - Research and Dissertation

Nationally recognized faculty.

David Alexander leans causally on a balustrade


Emerita and emeritus faculty members.

Don G. Creamer,  Professor Emeritus, Higher Education Joan B. Hirt,  Professor Emerita, Higher Education, School of Education Patricia Hyer,  Affiliated Faculty; Associate Provost Emerita, University Provost’s Office Steven M. Janosik,  Associate Professor Emeritus, Higher Education, School of Education Edward F. D. Spencer,  Affiliated Associate Professor; Vice President Emeritus for Student Affairs


This program operates on a cohort model. Members of a given cohort attend all of the same classes in the same sequence and pursue common plans of study.

The benefits of a cohort model are many. It is designed to facilitate social interaction, collaboration, and the formation of a supportive learning community.

Students in cohorts learn from and help each other with the successful completion of coursework and professional networking. They report a strong sense of community and are more likely to complete their programs of study in a timely manner.

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Doctorate & Ed Specialist

Take the next step in your education.

Our advanced degrees provide in-depth theory, research, and practical knowledge to prepare you for leadership in your field. And our faculty provide the support you need to develop a dissertation and complete your studies.

  • Explore Our Degrees

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Available Programs

  • Career and Technical Education (Workforce and Organizational Development)
  • Community College Leadership
  • Educational Leadership
  • Educational Leadership with Licensure
  • Engineering Management and Systems Engineering
  • Human Resource - Training (Workforce and Organizational Development)
  • Instructional Design & Technology
  • Nursing - Advanced Practice
  • Nursing - Nurse Executive
  • Nursing - Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner
  • Public Administration and Policy
  • Technology Education (Workforce and Organizational Development)

We Support You

We develop our programs based on what works for you. From military ships at sea, to your home, or one of our partner community colleges, you'll get the same academic support and resources as any of our on-campus students.

  • Explore Online University Resources

Have questions? Contact us.

Hand-Picked Top-Read Stories

Scholarship opportunities for online phd students, understanding the costs of an online phd, what is the apa format comprehensive guide to apa style., trending tags, online phd programs in virginia.

Virginia Top Colleges and Universities:  Liberty University, Northern Virginia Community College, George Mason University

Virginia Top Industries: Health care, social work and assistance; retail trade; professional, scientific, and technical services

Virginia Top Employers:  Heart & Vascular Institute, University of Virginia, Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding

Virginia’s students have plenty of options when it comes to earning a degree online. For example, the University of Virginia, the state’s flagship institution, offers undergraduate and graduate certificate programs in topics such as human resource management, project management, workforce development, and e-marketing. It also offers seven online graduate programs including master’s degrees in physics education, chemical engineering, systems engineering, and materials science and engineering. Meanwhile, George Mason University offers graduate and undergraduate degrees in computer science, information technology, and nursing. Many other institutions, including large national universities such as DeVry University, offer online degree programs as well. Online degree programs give students a great degree of flexibility in how they complete their studies. Students can complete their course work and earn their degree without having to go out of their way to attend class on-campus, which can be disruptive and time-consuming.

Your Online PhD In Virginia

Virginia’s health care and social assistance; retail trade; and professional, scientific, and technical services industries employ more than 1.2 million people, according to  Career One Stop . These industries include a diverse range of occupations, such as accounting, business administration, nursing, and psychology. Although the education requirements for employment differ by occupation, a doctoral degree may be required or preferred for candidates who want to work in top-level management. For example, an online PhD program in accounting may help qualify an individual for employment as a chief financial officer (CFO) or any other top executive in a company. CFOs are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of their organization’s financial reports. They also set financial goals and oversee the organization’s investments. Top executives employed by professional, scientific, and technical services organizations earned a  median annual salary of more than $208,000 in May 2021, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Meanwhile, executives employed in the retail trade industry earned $66,050, which is the least among the top industries that employ these professionals.

Many other online doctoral degree programs apply to Virginia’s health care and social assistance industry. For instance, an online PhD program in health administration could lead to a career as a health services administrator at a large hospital or any other healthcare facility. Medical and health services managers ensure their organization is operating efficiently and delivering high-quality medical services for its patients. They also create work schedules, manage the organization’s finances, and maintain records of the facility’s services. Medical and health services managers earned a  median annual salary  of $84,270 in May 2010, according to the BLS. However, those that managed facilities that employ more than 26 physicians earned an average of $150,756. Keep in mind these statistics are no guarantee of salary, which is determined by employer, location, and condition of the economy. The degrees discussed above are just a few examples of doctoral degrees that can be applied to Virginia’s largest industries. If you’re interested in earning a doctoral degree then you should consider the direction you want your career to go in before enrolling.

Yelena Skosyrskih

PHD in Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Business Process Management, Faculty of Market Technologies IOM


Ed.D. Programs in Virginia

Finding an affordable Virginia doctoral program in education just got a lot easier. In our Ed.D. guide, you'll discover VA program listings (with costs & curricula), a breakdown of online options, info about Ed.D. funding, and much more. Don't miss the career section, which contains data on educational leadership jobs & salaries in Virginia and links to important conferences.

Earning a Doctor of Education Degree in Virginia

One word springs to mind for Virginia doctorates in education. Quality. In our school listings , you’ll see a lot of heavy-hitters. UVA, VCU, and W&M frequently battle it out in the rankings for Best Education Schools ; VCU, Radford, and W&M are also taking part in the Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate (CPED) . Alongside well-respected public research universities, there are CAEP-accredited religious schools and liberal arts institutions.

Each of them has a unique take on the doctorate. There are programs in online & hybrid forms , programs with generous scholarships & tuition discounts , programs with Ed.D. capstone projects instead of dissertations, and programs that can help you achieve the Division Superintendent License . You can opt for a conventional Ed.D. in leadership or choose from a range of intriguing specialties.

Start with the links in our school listings and then have a quick skim through our advice areas. Once you have one or two programs in mind, you may want to consult the extensive career section. We’ve provided directions to administrative job & salary data , state-specific job boards, useful educational leadership associations (e.g. VASS), and career-building conferences & training programs (e.g. VFEL).

Online Doctor of Education Programs in Virginia

Online ed.d. providers in virginia.

  • Liberty University (CAEP-accredited)
  • Radford University (CAEP-accredited)
  • Regent University (CAEP-accredited)
  • University of Virginia (CAEP-accredited)
  • Virginia Commonwealth University (CAEP-accredited)
  • Virginia Tech (CAEP-accredited)

What to Know About Virginia Online Ed.D. Programs

Here’s the short & sweet on Virginia online doctoral programs in education—you can have your pick from six CAEP-accredited public schools and Christian private universities. It’s just a question of deciding how much you want to pay. Tuition rates are the same for in-state and out-of-state online Ed.D. students at UVA, Liberty, Radford, and Regent (Radford has a small out-of-state fee); VCU and Virginia Tech charge out-of-state residents more. We explore each option below.

But we also want to highlight the alternatives. A number of so-called “campus” Ed.D. programs in our school listings are technically hybrid. To take just one example—the College of William and Mary’s Executive Ed.D. in Educational Policy, Planning, and Leadership is primarily online, supplemented by four campus weekends per fall & spring semester and two-week summer residencies. If you live in the area and can afford the commute, you may find a degree that’s right up your alley.

Note: Our overview of online Doctor of Education programs contains a complete list of online Ed.D. degrees offered in every state and our list of the best online Ed.D. programs.

Online Ed.D. Programs at Public Virginia Universities

Most of the programs covered in this section are online versions of the university’s on-campus Ed.D., so they’ve been tried and tested. Better yet, they come with superb credentials. For instance, VCU’s 48-credit Online Ed.D. in Leadership is offered by its highly regarded College of Education (check out the COE’s stellar online education ranking) and informed by the CPED initiative .

We like the fact that it’s a cohort-based program with a close learning community, a group-based capstone that focuses on problems of practice, and a curriculum with annual summer residencies (think networking). It only takes three years to complete and credits aren’t too cumbersome. Plus in-state residents get a great tuition deal.

Another contender for the top public online doctorate in education is UVA. Its cohort-based, 72-credit Online Ed.D. in Curriculum & Instruction is backed by the Curry School’s U.S. News & World Report ranking and full of quality markers. We’re talking about factors like a field internship, practical portfolio, mentor supervision, and the chance to choose an area of emphasis. What’s more, you can study part-time or full-time.

The 72-credit number is a little misleading—up to 24 credits from a current master’s degree may be applied toward the Ed.D. (Check out UVA’s M.Ed./Ed.D. partnership with Melbourne University.). The extremely affordable per credit tuition rate is the same for in-state and out-of-state students.

Need some flexibility? Radford University’s 63-credit Online Doctor of Education is a part-time, 100% online program made up of seven-week courses—and it can be completed in three years. Better yet, graduates qualify for Virginia licensure as a superintendent. Radford is part of the CPED initiative and tuition rates are very reasonable, so this is an option that’s well-worth considering.

Or you could consider a more focused path. For instance, Virginia Tech’s Online Ed.D. in Curriculum and Instruction – Integrative STEM Education is available through synchronous web-based delivery, supplemented with summer residencies. It’s 90 semester hours, but that includes previous Master’s courses. Overall, per credit tuition rates for the virtual campus are better for in-state students than out-of-state ones. And VT claims there has been a 100% post-secondary education placement rate for graduates.

Online Ed.D. Programs at Private Virginia Universities

The remaining online Ed.D. options in Virginia come from private Christian universities: Liberty and Regent. These tend to be a) made for working professionals and b) similar in format & scope. They don’t have the clout of, say, UVA, but they are extremely flexible.

For instance, Liberty offers a raft of online Ed.D. programs, including a standard 54-credit Online Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership or Curriculum & Instruction specialties, a 60-credit Online Ed.D. in Christian Leadership , a 57-credit Online Ed.D. in Community Care and Counseling in two specialties, and even an Online J.D./Doctor of Education dual degree program.

A few things to note here. All of Liberty’s programs are 100% online, with eight-week courses and optional on-campus intensives for the traditional Ed.D. and Counseling options. All of them accept credit transfers (9-15 credit hours, depending on the program). All of them included an integrated dissertation. And all of them tend to be informed by a Christian worldview. Per credit tuition rates are reasonable and Liberty offers some outstanding discounts. See our funding section for complete details.

You’ll have even more choice at Regent—the university has so many Online Ed.D. Programs that we don’t have room to list them all. They’re 66 or 66+ credits. Like Liberty, Regent offers convenience, with eight-week course sessions. And the program includes an opportunity for Ed.S. graduates to be admitted with advanced standing.

Unlike Liberty, Regent’s online doctorates are not 100% online—they include in-person summer residencies. They’re also more expensive, though Regent allows you to take the Ed.S. first at the lower tuition rate and then apply those credits to the Ed.D. In addition, military and veterans receive a hefty discount; see our funding section for full details.

No Dissertation Ed.D. Programs in Virginia

Doctoral research projects & capstones.

Members of the CPED initiative prioritize collaborative work and practical application, so you won’t be surprised to hear that VCU’s Ed.D. in Leadership (on-campus or online) has an “applied group dissertation” (a.k.a. capstone). During the last three semesters of the program, you’ll be able to work with fellow Ed.D. students on a research-based problem of practice. You’ll interpret data, develop findings & recommendations, write a client document (Executive Summary), and present your findings.

UVA’s Ed.D. in Curriculum & Instruction (on-campus or online), Ed.D. in Higher Education , and Ed.D. in Administration & Supervision also contain a research-based capstone, which looks very much like a dissertation in practice. In other words, you’ll be able to tackle a problem of importance to practitioners. In order to graduate, UVA will also expect you to develop solutions, make recommendations, and communicate your findings to the appropriate audiences.

Doctoral Education Funding in Virginia

Internal scholarships, fellowships & awards.

A number of Virginia universities & colleges have stepped up to the plate to offer institutional aid to doctoral students (i.e. internal fellowships, scholarships, tuition breaks, etc.). Big schools such as UVA often have more funding than small schools, but be sure to check out the discounts available at Liberty and Regent. You’ll probably need to supplement these sources with external aid (e.g. federal & private loans, tuition reimbursement etc.). The Office of Financial Aid can provide advice.

College of William and Mary

W&M offers an Executive Ed.D., so it’s unlikely that any of the School of Education’s Educational Policy, Planning & Leadership Awards will apply. However, you may want to ask the program coordinator/director about the Martha L. Muguira Fellowship for Hispanic or Latino women. The School also has a general section on Financial Aid, Scholarships, Assistantships .

Liberty University

Liberty University Online (LUO) has a section on Scholarship Opportunities (internal & external), with detailed info about LUO Scholarships & Discounts . There have been lots of awards in recent years—check to make sure all offers are still current. When it comes to discounts:

  • Military receive a 50% discount or more on graduate tuition.
  • First Responders receive a 25% tuition discount.
  • Canadians taking Liberty University Online courses receive a 15% discount.
  • Students who are affiliated with eligible companies or organizations receive a 15% tuition discount.
  • Word of Life employees receive a 50% discount on tuition for undergraduate and graduate programs.

In the realm of scholarships and awards:

  • Two pastors (one senior; one youth) from Southern Baptist Conservatives of Virginia (SBCV) and West Virginia Convention of Southern Baptists (WVCSB) are eligible for a 100% tuition award.
  • Modest Virginia Army National Guard (VaARNG) Scholarships are awarded to current National Guard soldiers.

LUO also offers a payment plan .

Regent University

Regent has a rundown of Institutional Aid , with info on:

  • School of Education Financial Aid and the Selig Fellowship for Ed.S. and doctoral students who are willing to reside in Virginia Beach.
  • Regent-Wide Endowed Scholarships —Christian leaders in the regions of eastern and southeast Asia should apply for the Hulford Scholarship.
  • Church Matching Grant Program
  • Corporate Partner Tuition Discounts for employees of certain companies and organizations (e.g. City of Virginia Beach).

Military & veterans can have a look at the section on Military Admissions & Aid . Active duty, reservists, veterans, and others receive a 25% discount on doctoral programs; spouses & dependents receive a 15% discount.

Shenandoah University

Shenandoah has created a section on Financial Aid for Incoming Graduate and Doctoral Students , with details on loans, the Cost of Attendance, Graduate Scholarships & Tuition Discounts , and Graduate Assistantships . In recent years, all Shenandoah University graduate education students received a substantial per credit tuition discount .

University of Virginia

On its Ed.D. program pages (e.g. Ed.D. in Curriculum & Instruction ), the Curry School of Education and Human Development notes that departmental funding is available on a competitive basis to full-time on-the-ground Ed.D. students (i.e. assistantships and tuition remission/tuition adjustment). See the section on Financial Aid for Doctoral Students for more details.

Be sure to apply for any relevant Curry Scholarships, Fellowships & Awards (especially departmental ones)—there are plenty of opportunities for doctoral students. The Curry School also offers UVA Employee Funding . However, students enrolled in doctoral programs are not eligible for the PreK-12 educator tuition rate.

Virginia Commonwealth University

The School of Education (SOE) has a comprehensive section devoted to Financial Aid & Scholarships , which includes details on graduate assistantships for doctoral students and student employment for graduate students. Check with the program coordinator to see if Ed.D students are eligible for SOE graduate & doctoral scholarships . VCU employees can also examine the terms of the VCU Employee Tuition Benefit .

Virginia State University

VSU has some general advice on Financial Assistance for Graduates and the College of Graduate Studies has details on Graduate Assistantships , but we didn’t find a lot beyond those pages. When in doubt, talk to the program coordinator about award possibilities.

Virginia Tech

Start with the School of Education’s helpful section on Scholarships and Awards , which lists graduate program-specific scholarships in education. You can also use this section to find info on:

  • College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences Graduate Scholarships
  • Graduate School Fellowships and Scholarships
  • The Diversity Scholars Program
  • Types of Aid for Graduate Students —According to the program pages, Ed.D. students are eligible for funding through assistantships.
  • In-State Tuition Waivers

In particular, elementary education professionals should take a look at the Carol A. Brown Memorial Scholarship for current students of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. You can also check with the Bursar’s Office or program coordinator to see if Ed.D. students are eligible for the Reduced Tuition for K-12 Teachers in VA benefit.

Note: If a university name is missing from the list, we didn’t find specific examples of Ed.D. funding beyond private & federal loans and external aid.

Licensure & Endorsement Requirements in Virginia

Administrative licensure & endorsement.

The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) handles licensure & endorsements for all public school educators in the Commonwealth.

  • Administration & Supervision PreK-12 Endorsement: This is the typical credential for building-level leaders. In Section 620 of the Administrative Code, you’ll find a full list of endorsement requirements for both Level I and Level II.
  • Division Superintendent License: This is the typical credential for superintendents. In Section 630 of the Administrative Code, you’ll find a full list of licensure requirements.

We’ve also provided short summaries below. You’ll notice that some Virginia superintendents earn an Ed.D. or Ph.D. in educational administration or leadership in order to fulfill the education requirement for licensure. Radford offers one such program.

Note: VDOE’s section on Licensure has reciprocity instructions for out-of-state candidates.

Administration & Supervision PreK-12 Level I Endorsement

The Level I endorsement is required to serve as a building-level administrator or central office supervisor in Virginia. To earn it, you must:

  • Hold a master’s degree from a regionally-accredited college or university.
  • Complete a state-approved program in administration and supervision from a regionally-accredited college or university (e.g. M.Ed., Ed.S., graduate certificate, etc.).
  • Complete a deliberately structured and supervised internship (minimum of 320 clock hours) that provides exposure to multiple sites (elementary, middle, high, central office, agency) with diverse student populations; this is often incorporated into the state-approved education program.
  • Pass the School Leaders Licensure Assessment (SLLA) ; individuals who are interested in serving as central office instructional personnel are not required to take this test.
  • Have three years of successful, full-time experience in a public school or accredited non-public school in an instructional personnel position that requires licensure in Virginia.
  • Be recommended by a Virginia school division superintendent.

Note: The VDOE outlines alternate education routes to this endorsement in Section 620 .

Administration & Supervision PreK-12 Level II Endorsement

Level II (Principal of Distinction) is an optional endorsement for experienced building-level administrators. To earn it, you must:

  • Hold a Level I endorsement (unrestricted).
  • Have successfully served as a building-level administrator for at least five years in a public school or accredited non-public school.
  • Complete a formal induction program (or alternative activity) as a principal or assistant principal.
  • Meet various performance criteria and submit a portfolio of evidence as proof.

Division Superintendent License

There are four pathways to the Division Superintendent License. In the first route, you must:

  • Earn a doctorate degree in educational administration or educational leadership from a regionally accredited college or university.
  • Have completed five years of educational experience in a public or an accredited non-public school; two of those years should be successful, full-time teaching experience at the preK-12 level and two should be in administration and supervision at the preK-12 level.

However, the three alternate routes don’t require a doctorate. Master’s graduates with an existing Administration & Supervision PreK-12 Level I Endorsement, experience in senior leadership positions, and/or valid out-of-state superintendent licensure should look at Section 630 carefully.

Educational Leadership Jobs in Virginia

Educational leadership career outlook.

The government’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) tracks employment & salary data for elementary & secondary school education administrators and postsecondary education administrators in every state. If you’d like a glimpse into the future, the Virginia Employment Commission (VEC) issues Long and Short-Term Virginia Occupational Projections with the same search terms as the BLS (e.g. Education Administrators, Postsecondary).

Generally speaking, Virginia—like its neighbor, North Carolina—employs a substantial number of elementary & secondary school education administrators . Thanks to its strategic location, the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria metropolitan area has some of highest employment levels of this category in the country. We also want to mention that the VDOE issues statistics & reports on public schools in Virginia, including School Quality Profiles and the Superintendent’s Annual Report . This will give you a microscopic view of your potential workplace.

Employment levels for Virginia postsecondary education administrators are also solid—the VEC is predicting this occupation to grow quite a bit in a ten-year period. Intriguingly, the Harrisonburg VA metropolitan area often has a dense concentration of jobs, possibly thanks to James Madison University, Eastern Mennonite University, and Bridgewater College. You can view the entire higher education landscape by visiting the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV) and its section on Research & Statistics .

Educational Leadership Salaries

You’ll find annual mean wages for education administrators listed in BLS’s section on State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates for Virginia . Compared to the rest of the nation, salaries for Virginia elementary & secondary school education administrators are healthy. You can find exact numbers in the VDOE’s section on Education Workforce Data & Reports, which provides links to Teacher Salary Reports. These annual reports include principal and assistant principal salaries, which are listed by public school.

It’s a similar wage story for Virginia postsecondary education administrators : good, if not outstanding. The real hotspot is the Charlottesville VA metropolitan area—this is often one of the highest paying areas for this occupation in the country. It’s also home to the University of Virginia, which may have something to do with this phenomenon.

Educational Leadership Job Boards

Regular job sites (e.g. LinkedIn, HigherEdJobs, SchoolSpring, Indeed, etc.) will advertise openings for educational leadership positions in Virginia. Here are a few more state-specific job sites that may prove more helpful.

  • TeachVirginia lists Employment Opportunities for Virginia administrators, including principals, directors, deans, superintendents, and more.
  • VAESP posts Job Opportunities for Virginia principals.
  • VASSP posts Job Openings for middle & high school principals, superintendents, directors, and more.
  • VASBO’s Career Center contains opportunities for Virginia school business officials.
  • The Virginia Association of Independent Schools (VAIS) maintains a Career Center with job listings.
  • In its Careers section, the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) lists job openings in community colleges.

Educational Leadership Organizations in Virginia

Educational leadership associations.

  • Virginia Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (VACRAO) : VACRAO supports registrars, admission officers, and records administrators in Virginia colleges, universities, and other institutions of higher education.
  • Virginia Association of Elementary School Principals (VAESP) : VAESP is a professional organization serving elementary & middle school principals and other education leaders.
  • Virginia Association of School Business Officials (VASBO) : VASBO is a statewide membership organization in Virginia for school business officials.
  • Virginia Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (VASCD) : VASCD is a membership organization dedicated to advancing excellence in Virginia’s schools. It’s a state affiliate of the ASCD. Members include teachers, superintendents, university professors, building leaders, teacher education students, and central office leaders.
  • Virginia Association of Student Financial Aid Administrations (VASFAA) : VASFAA is an organization composed of financial aid professionals from all sectors of postsecondary education in Virginia.
  • Virginia Association of School Personnel Administrators (VASPA) : VASPA serves as the statewide hub for Virginia’s K-12 Human Resources professionals.
  • Virginia Association of School Superintendents (VASS) : VASS is a non-profit professional organization dedicated to the mission of providing leadership and advocacy for public education in Virginia.
  • Virginia Association of Secondary School Principals (VASSP) : VASSP is the seventh largest school administrators’ organization in the NASSP state affiliation network.
  • Virginia Education Association (VEA) : VEA is the largest organization of professional educators in Virginia. It has 50,000+ members who are involved in public schools. It’s a state affiliate of the NEA.
  • Virginia School Boards Association (VSBA) : VSBA is a voluntary, non-partisan organization of Virginia school boards. It often works closely with superintendents.
  • Virginia School Counselor Association (VSCA) : VSCA promotes excellence in the profession of school counseling. It provides member support through professional development, advocacy, leadership, accountability, and collaboration.

Educational Leadership Professional Groups

  • Virginia Foundation for Educational Leadership (VFEL) : VFEL is a non-profit organization that was created to link all education levels—preschool, elementary, middle, high school, and higher education—through a seamless system of leadership learning.
  • Women Education Leaders in Virginia (WELV) : WELV is a non-profit organization that supports women members in all areas of education in Virginia. It’s affiliated with the Curry School at UVA.

Note: Remember that state and national educator organizations often have funds and scholarships available for continuing education (e.g. Ed.D.). Check the website and ask about opportunities.

Educational Leadership Events in Virginia

Educational leadership conferences.

  • VAESP Annual Conference : Held in June, this three-day event for elementary & middle school educational leaders includes breakout session, keynotes, awards, and more.
  • VASBO Conferences : VASBO hosts three networking & professional development events: a Fall Conference in November, a Winter Conference in January, and a Spring Conference in May.
  • VASCD Annual Conference : This event in December attracts educators and educational leaders who are interested in issues surrounding learning, curriculum development, and school improvement.
  • VASPA Conferences : VASPA hosts two professional development conferences for HR professionals and K-12 educational leaders each year: a Fall Conference in November and a Spring Conference in late April/early May. Its Educator Career Fairs are held concurrently.
  • VASS Annual Fall Conference : VASS’s annual event for superintendents and district leaders typically occurs in late October.
  • VASS-VASBO Annual Winter Conference : VASS also co-hosts a three-day event with Virginia school business officials in January.
  • VASSP-VDOE-VFEL Annual Summer Conference : This four-day event for middle & high school principals and district leaders occurs in late June.
  • VSBA Annual Convention : VSBA’s flagship event in November brings together 1000+ school board members, superintendents, and school division staff from across Virginia.
  • VSBA Capital Conference : Each year in January, board members and superintendents meet at the Capitol when the General Assembly is in session to be briefed on education issues before the General Assembly and to learn effective lobbying techniques.
  • VSBA School Law Conference : This annual event in early June provides an update on basic principles of school law and emerging issues. It attracts school board members, superintendents, and school board attorneys.
  • WELV Annual Conference : WELV’s flagship event for women education leaders usually takes place over two days in March.

Educational Leadership Training

  • VASS Professional Development : In addition to conferences, VASS organizes a range of workshops for superintendents and district leaders. Superintendents can also take advantage of the VASS Executive Coaching Service , the VASS/VA Tech Aspiring Superintendents Program , the VASS Communication Counselors on Call Service , the VASS Educational Services Review Program , and more.
  • VASSP-VFEL Professional Program Series : Working with VDOE and VFEL, VASSP provides customized training programs for individual schools and school divisions.
  • VFEL Professional Development Services : VFEL’s programs are intended to help school leaders strengthen their knowledge and abilities. Services include Mentoring & Coaching , the NISL Executive Development Program , Diagnostic Reviews & Consultations , short Law Updates Sessions , and more.
  • VSBA Orientation for New Board Members, Superintendents and Vice-Chairs : This day-long conference is designed to give new board members and superintendents an overview of the basics of boardsmanship.
  • VSBA Superintendent Evaluation Workshop : This workshop provides small group support to superintendents and board members who are responsible for updating their evaluation model.

School Listings

8 Schools Found

Department of Educational Policy, Planning and Leadership

Williamsburg, Virginia

EdD in Educational Policy, Planning and Leadership - International School Leadership

Offered Online

  • Curriculum Info
  • How To Apply

EdD in Educational Policy, Planning and Leadership - Gifted Education

Edd in educational policy, planning and leadership - higher education administration, edd in educational policy, planning and leadership - k-12 administration.

School of Education

Lynchburg, Virginia

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) in Educational Leadership

Jd/doctor of education dual degree, online doctor of education in community care and counseling - marriage and family counseling, online doctor of education in community care and counseling - pastoral care & counseling, online doctor of education in curriculum & instruction, online doctor of education in curriculum & instruction - elementary education, online doctor of education in curriculum & instruction - middle grades education, online doctor of education in curriculum & instruction - secondary education, online doctor of education in curriculum & instruction - special education, online doctor of education in school administration and supervision, online edd in christian leadership - ministry leadership, radford university.

College of Graduate Studies and Research

Radford, Virginia

Online Doctor of Education

Virginia Beach, Virginia

Online Doctor of Education in Adult Education

Online doctor of education in advanced educational leadership, online doctor of education in character education, online doctor of education in christian education leadership, online doctor of education in curriculum and instruction, online doctor of education in educational psychology, online doctor of education in educational technology & online learning, online doctor of education in exceptional education executive leadership, online doctor of education in higher education, online doctor of education in higher education leadership and management, online doctor of education in k-12 school leadership, online doctor of education in special education.

School of Education and Human Development

Winchester, Virginia

EdD in Administrative Leadership

Edd in administrative leadership - initial administrative licensure, edd in administrative leadership - leadership in education.

Curry School of Education

Charlottesville, Virginia

EdD in Administration and Supervision

Edd in curriculum and instruction, edd in higher education.

Richmond, Virginia

Doctor of Education in Leadership

Doctor of education in leadership - general leadership, doctor of education in leadership - higher education leadership, online doctor of education in leadership, online doctor of education in leadership - general leadership, online doctor of education in leadership - higher education leadership.

Blacksburg, Virginia

EdD in Curriculum and Instruction - Educational Leadership and Policy Studies

Edd in curriculum and instruction - elementary education, edd in curriculum and instruction - elementary education - pk-6, edd in curriculum and instruction - elementary education - reading and literacy, edd in curriculum and instruction - elementary education - teacher education, edd in curriculum and instruction - instructional design and technology, edd in curriculum and instruction - integrative stem education.

The University of Virginia

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The University of Virginia graduate student experience couples the resources of a large state university, with the mentorship of a personalized program. With more than a hundred advanced degrees to choose from, our graduate students take advantage of one-on-one attention with world-class faculty, state-of-the art facilities and the highest caliber academics. 

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Taking a Hard Look at Rollovers

The University has always fostered close mentoring relationships between students and faculty. Today, we improve upon this longstanding approach by pairing it with meaningful opportunities for development, including career advising, internships, cross-disciplinary research initiatives and fellowships.

Marymount University Online

Admissions Requirements | Curriculum | Faculty | Career Outcomes | Dissertation | FAQs

Effect Change with a Doctorate in Education (Ed.D.)

Whether you want to make a difference in your organization or community, an online Ed.D. in Educational Leadership and Organizational Innovation will empower you as a change agent ready to initiate and inspire.

Aligned with best practices and insights from influential thought leaders, the online Ed.D. at Marymount University equips you to drive positive change and greater outcomes in schools, communities, government, healthcare, and public and private organizations.

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Program Features

  • Recognized as a College of Distinction for Education and Business
  • Eight consecutive semesters to complete
  • No GRE/GMAT required
  • Best college for veterans
  • Accredited by the SACSCOC

A National Leader in Education

Influential. Historically Significant. Diverse. Located just six miles from the nation’s capital, Marymount University is positioned for you to make a lasting impact.

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What are the Admissions Requirements? 

Doctoral applicants must have completed a master’s degree from a regionally accredited institution with a minimum of 2.75 GPA and at least three years of work experience relevant to professional goals. No GRE/GMAT required.

A phone interview with an admissions advisor is required prior to applying. The following is a list of documents to be submitted after the completion of your online application.

  • Official transcripts
  • Two professional references
  • Professional essay
  • Current resume
  • Virtual interview with faculty member

Access Your Program Guide to Learn More

Online Ed.D. Program Curriculum Snapshot

For a complete list of courses and course descriptions, access your comprehensive digital program guide .

Next application deadline:

  • July 26, 2024 Fall 2024

Next start date:

  • September 3, 2024 Fall 2024

Access Program Guide For Full Curriculum

Dr. Paula Cristina Azevedo

Dr. Paula Cristina Azevedo

Assistant professor - education.

Dr. Azevedo is experienced in teaching, advising, research and mindfulness.

Learn More about Dr. Paula Cristina Azevedo

Dr. Ruth Boyd

Dr. Ruth Boyd

Visiting professor - education.

Dr. Boyd has 30+ years of teaching experience and has held multiple supervisory roles.

Learn More about Dr. Ruth Boyd

Dr. Jennifer Crystle

Dr. Jennifer Crystle

Assistant professor.

Dr. Crystle’s interests are global education policy, diversity, leadership and more.

Learn More about Dr. Jennifer Crystle

Dr. Clara Hauth

Dr. Clara Hauth

Ed.d. program director, associate professor.

Dr. Hauth is experienced in special education, graduate instruction, teacher training and more.

Learn More about Dr. Clara Hauth

Dr. Jessica Marotta

Dr. Jessica Marotta

Associate professor - education.

Dr. Marotta’s research interests are leadership, assessment and preservice teacher education.

Learn More about Dr. Jessica Marotta

Dr. Shannon Melideo

Dr. Shannon Melideo

Professor - education.

Dr. Melideo is experienced in mentorship, research, administration, education and more.

Learn More about Dr. Shannon Melideo

This course provides an overview of the theoretical framework for the practice of leadership in organizations leading to the application of theory and best practices in your educational leadership practice. We will also focus on specific leadership topics such as strategic leadership, systems thinking, team leadership, change management and developing others. We will move back and forth between theory and practice and include opportunities for self-reflection and skill development. (3 credits)

A focus on issues and practical applications of ethical principles of leadership, which includes a review of philosophical foundations as context for consideration of ethical issues and dilemmas. Towards this end, this course will evaluate the concept of justice in organizations, and the changing demographics of our society, especially related to race and culture, gender, age, disability and socio-economic status. Emphasis will be placed on effective organizational management of diversity for social justice outcomes. (3 credits)

The ability to transform and adapt as leaders to meet the demand of an ever-changing working environment is crucial. Continual growth and personal development are imperative for leaders to be successful in our complex global economy. This course facilitates the development of self, organization and community through enactment of adult learning theory as it relates to transformational leadership values. The scope of study includes analysis of transformational leadership theory and the development and implementation of leadership and change projects. (3 credits)

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This writing intensive course covers the foundations of enacting leadership content gained thus far for the purpose of locating, developing, analyzing, synthesizing and constructing a sound literature review consistent with the research on the student’s chosen research topic. The purpose of this course is to provide an introduction to the practice of research and research design. This course provides students with opportunities to develop skills that are essential for conducting research and completing a research project with a particular focus on reviewing literature and composing a literature review paper. Students will demonstrate the ability to differentiate among alternative research viewpoints, differentiate constituent parts of the review, assess and comment on theories, thoughts, and ideas, concept proposals and relevant literature, and construct a cogent and compelling literature review. (3 credits)

Applying our Ed.D. to your Career

An Ed.D. in Educational Leadership & Organizational Innovation can be applied to a variety of industries. Here are some of the careers that our students pursued and are pursuing as they earned their Ed.D. degree.

  • School Principal
  • School Superintendent
  • Business Owner
  • Nonprofit Leader
  • Leadership Coach
  • Instructional Coach
  • Training and Development Manager
  • Special Education
  • Policy Maker
  • Educational Technology & Policy
  • Curriculum Specialist

Don’t just take it from us — read what our students have to say about how our online Ed.D. program and working with their matched Lead Doctoral Faculty Member (LDFM) on their dissertation project led to tangible results in their lives and careers.

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"I have never felt so included in a community of scholarship. All the faculty support you — from the very first course to the final dissertation."

Chris Valadez, Online Ed.D. Student

Discover Why Our Dissertation is Different

Faculty mentors who care and built-in program support are just the beginning. Unlike a traditional dissertation, Marymount Online Ed.D. students complete a dissertation in practice (DiP) that emphasizes applying research and theory to solve a problem of practice facing your organization or community. Click the button below to discover how our dissertation and high-impact community transform leaders to make a lasting change.

Is This Program Right For Me?

This highly-personalized online program can help you identify a relevant issue impacting your organization and create innovative solutions through research, theory, and practice. If you want to position yourself to make a meaningful impact in your field and lead into the future —the Marymount online Ed.D. in Educational Leadership and Organizational Innovation could be right for you.

In this video, Ed.D. online student Jessica Burns-Turch discusses the lifelong bonds she’s forming with classmates and how Marymount supports her in managing her coursework around her busy schedule.

Hear From a Student

Frequently Asked Questions

A Doctor of Education or Ed.D. is a terminal degree that connects academia with real-world situations. Ed.D. coursework prepares professionals to lead change across diverse settings by building a deeper understanding of teaching and learning.

An online Ed.D. in Educational Leadership and Organizational Innovation equips professionals to achieve greater outcomes in schools, communities, government, healthcare, and public and private organizations. Possible leadership roles could include :

  • Chief Learning Officer
  • Curriculum Director
  • School Superintendent 

This part-time program is 100% online and requires 48 credit hours to graduate. It is possible to complete this degree in less than three years.

The online Ed.D. in Educational Leadership and Organizational Innovation program costs $1,275 per credit hour, for a total tuition investment of $61,200.

Financial Aid is available to those who qualify. You are solely responsible to research and complete all required steps, forms and applications.

Funding can come from the federal government or private sources, such as banks or financial institutions. We encourage you to research other sources of funding such as military and veteran benefits or scholarships from organizations. Learn more about available financial aid options on our Tuition and Financial Aid page .

Marymount’s online Ed.D. includes a dissertation designed to identify a relevant issue impacting your organization for the purpose of creating innovative solutions through research, theory and practice. Early in the program, you will be paired with a faculty advisor who will support and guide you through the Dissertation in Practice process. Click Here to learn more about the Marymount Ed.D. dissertation process.

A Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) and a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Education are both terminal degrees that offer ample opportunities for leadership, learning and research. The main difference between an Ed.D. and a Ph.D. is in professional pursuits after graduation. An Ed.D. has practical applications that may go outside of academia. A Ph.D. has a more scholarly concentration which, more often than not, culminates in research-based studies.

There is no GRE/GMAT required. To apply, you must complete an interview with a member of the Ed.D. faculty and submit the following:

  • Transcripts with a minimum GPA of 2.75 
  • Two letters of recommendation 
  • A personal essay

Connect With Us

Complete the form to access our comprehensive program guide with more details about our:

  • World-class faculty
  • Application process
  • Unique student support

An admissions advisor will be in touch to answer your questions and help determine if Marymount is right for you.

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Amy MacDougall

5 Ways to Improve Leadership Skills in the Workplace

In a rapidly evolving marketplace and increasingly polarized society, organizations are looking for the types of leaders who regularly seek to improve their leadership skills for the sake of their employees and those their organization serves.

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What Is Organizational Leadership?

More than ever, it takes strong organizational leadership skills to transform organizations and communities. But what is organizational leadership exactly, and why is it important?

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Build on Your Leadership Experience with an Ed.D.

The stories of our students each represent the powerful, embodied outcomes of an Ed.D program for professional leaders. Their examples—and those of many others—reveal the profound positive benefits of earning a doctorate in leadership.

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To proceed with either the BSN to MSN FNP or the BSN to DNP FNP or the BSN to DNP PMHNP or the MSN PMHNP, you are required to have a bachelor’s degree and hold your RN license.

To proceed with either the PMC-FNP or the PMC-DNP or the PMC-PMHNP, you are required to have a master's degree and hold your RN license.

To proceed with the ABSN, you are required to have a bachelor's degree.

If you don’t meet these requirements but would still like further information, please contact us .

To proceed with the EdD in Educational Leadership and Organizational Leadership degree, you are required to have a master’s degree.

If you don’t meet this requirement but would still like further information, please contact us .

To proceed with the Doctor of Business Administration - Business Intelligence degree, you are required to have a master’s degree.

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Online EdD Programs

Online Doctor of Education (EdD) Programs in Virginia

There are currently six schools in Virginia that offer Doctor of Education programs online. Liberty University, Marymount University, Radford University, Regent University, the University of Virginia, and Virginia Commonwealth University all have EdD degrees students can pursue entirely online or with minimal on-campus requirements. In total, these schools offer eight different online programs for students to choose from, in specializations ranging from Higher Education to Christian Leadership, Adult Education, Educational Technology, Curriculum and Instruction, Educational Leadership, and Organizational Innovation.

All of the schools listed on this page are non-profit universities, regionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC). Some of the departments at these universities are also accredited by the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) or the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC)*.

Schools in Virginia with Online EdD Programs

Located in Lynchburg, Liberty University has a total of three EdD programs available for online study. The first, offered through their Rawlings School of Divinity, is an online Doctor of Education in Christian Leadership with emphasis on Ministry Leadership. This applied theology degree program is comprised of 60 credit hours and designed to be completed in as few as three years (with students taking an average of three and a half years). The curriculum for this program includes courses such as Biblical and Theological Foundations of Leadership, Organizational Theory and Development, Character and Ethics in Leadership and Education, Group and Team Dynamics: Theory and Practice, and Change, Power, and Conflict in Leadership, as well as 27 hours of research methods and dissertation work. The program is delivered entirely online through asynchronous instruction. Students can access lectures and participate in seminar discussions at any time, and are never required to visit campus during their course of study.

Liberty offers two additional online EdD programs through its School of Education: a Doctor of Education in Education Leadership and a Doctor of Education in Curriculum and Instruction. Both consist of 54 credits and take an average of three years to complete. The EdD in Education Leadership is intended for professionals who want to take on leadership roles in both schools and the larger community, identifying and solving educational challenges while creating the most positive experience possible for students. It includes courses in Advanced Learning Theory and Research, Educational Law, Theories of Educational Leadership, Public Relations, School Finance, Conflict Resolution, and more. The EdD in Curriculum and Instruction offers five different specializations for students to choose from, with areas of study in Elementary Education, General Education, Middle Grades Education, Secondary Education, and Special Education. Coursework varies by concentration, but all students can expect to take two Education Theory courses, four classes related to Research and Evaluation, and a Curriculum and Instruction Core consisting of courses in Learning Technologies, Curriculum Theory, Curriculum Design and Development, Investigations in Curriculum Change, and Trends and Issues in Curriculum and Instruction. Both programs are fully online with no in-person requirements. However, the EdD in Curriculum and Instruction offers three to four optional intensives on Liberty’s campus in Central Virginia, which range in length from a weekend to one week.

Located in Arlington, Marymount University offers an Online EdD in Educational Leadership and Organizational Innovation through its School of Sciences, Mathematics, and Education. Students in this program take a set curriculum of 48 credits that cover topics such as organizational leadership theory and practice, ethical leadership and social justice, transformative leadership, models of coaching and mentorship, conflict and crisis management, global leadership policy, advanced research methodologies, and administration of social and human capital. These classes are designed to empower students to enact organizational change and pedagogical improvements in diverse settings, collaborate with stakeholders to develop multifaceted and ongoing strategies for continual improvement, and to utilize advanced applied research skills and methods to evaluate the efficacy of initiatives and modify accordingly. After completing the majority of their coursework, students complete a doctoral project or a final research paper as their final graduation requirement.

Radford University offers an online EdD with a focus in Educational Leadership that is fully online with no campus visits. This 63-credit program provides students with a strong foundation in leadership principles and practices that can be applied to a wide range of educational and organizational settings. Students take core courses in Social and Cultural Foundations of Place-Based Education; Advanced Learning Sciences; Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion; and Leadership in the 21st Century. Students also take classes in qualitative and quantitative research methodologies, program evaluation, and applied research methods, which help prepare them for their future dissertation work. For the Educational Leadership focus of their curriculum, students take classes in Advanced School Law, Leadership for Human Resources, Leadership for Teaching and Learning, Policy and Governance of Schools, and School Finance and Operations. Students have the option of taking 15 credits of elective courses, or taking a combination of electives and an Internship in School District Leadership for credit. The Doctoral Dissertation is students’ final graduation requirement in the program, and is one that allows students to examine in-depth a research inquiry that is of importance to their work in educational and/or organizational leadership. Students benefit from the guidance and support of a faculty committee during their dissertation work.

Regent University in Virginia Beach offers an online Doctor of Education program with ten possible degree concentrations. Students can pursue their EdD online in Adult Education, Advanced Educational Leadership, Christian Education Leadership, Curriculum & Instruction, Educational Psychology, Educational Technology & Online Learning, Exceptional Education Executive Leadership, Higher Education Leadership & Management, K-12 School Leadership, and Special Education. Available through Regent’s School of Education, the EdD program uses a cohort model, with start dates in the spring, summer, and fall semesters. Details vary by specialization; however, all require a minimum of 66 credit hours and use eight-week terms instead of the traditional semester or quarter system. Students take core courses in research design and analysis, educational statistics, qualitative data analysis, and issues in education.

Students then take coursework that is devoted to their chosen concentration. For example, the Advanced Educational Leadership concentration features courses in strategic planning, organizational and institutional change, program evaluation, and the adult learner, while the Special Education concentration includes courses on the history of special education, meta-analysis in the social sciences, special education interventions, best practices in special education, and international special education. The program is designed to be finished in around four years (including dissertation work), but students have up to seven years to complete their degree, if necessary. Coursework is delivered online, and each degree track includes three on-campus residencies spread throughout the course of study. Students who already possess an Educational Specialist (EdS) or equivalent degree may be admitted with advanced standing, transferring credit from their previous postgraduate work towards completion of the EdD.

The University of Virginia’s School of Education and Human Development, located in Charlottesville, has a Doctorate of Education in Curriculum and Instruction students can pursue online in one of several emphases. The program, which requires a minimum of 72 credit hours, offers areas of emphasis in Curriculum and Instruction, Instructional Design and Technology, Educational Innovation, Leadership in Reading and Literacy, English as a Second Language, Gifted Education, and Social and Emotional Learning. Full-time students can expect to finish their degree in around three years. A part-time option is also available, and typically takes four to seven years of study. Curriculum is comprised of an 18-credit Curriculum and Instruction Core, an 18-credit Research Methods Sequence, 12 credit hours in one’s Area of Emphasis, six credits of electives, a six-credit internship, 10 credit hours related to the culminating Capstone Project, and two credit hours of exams. UVA’s EdD in Curriculum and Instruction can be completed entirely online, with no campus residency requirements.

In Richmond, Virginia Commonwealth University’s (VCU) School of Education offers an online EdD in Leadership that is comprised of 48 course credits and which trains professionals from a wide variety of organizational and educational contexts to lead positive change and engage in data-informed program development and improvement. Students take courses such as Effective Learning Networks; Understanding Self as Leader: Theory, Data Analysis, and Practical Applications; Principles for Professional Writing; Equity & Leadership; Frameworks for Decision-Making: Legal Perspectives; Leadership Presence; Planning for Sustainable Change; Evidence-Informed Perspectives on Practice; and Communicating Research Findings. Students can elect to be a part of specialized learning communities in one of two areas: Higher Education and General Leadership/K-12 Leadership. These learning communities enable students to discuss course concepts and relevant case studies with people with similar professional goals and diverse education and leadership experiences.

Courses in the VCU program are delivered fully online; however, students are required to attend one summer residency each year of their enrollment. Students’ culminating experience in the program is a group Capstone Project, where student groups of two to four partner with a community-based partner organization to help them solve an educational or organizational challenge through a research-based evaluation. Through this team-based project with direct, real-world relevance, students can apply the course concepts they have learned, the discussions they have had with instructors and peers, and the research skills they have honed to a project that can serve as a professional artifact for their future career advancement.

Online EdD Programs in Virginia

Below is a list of all the schools in Virginia that offer EdD programs online. For more information about any of the degrees described above, click on the corresponding link below to visit the program’s website.

Liberty University

Online Doctor of Education (EdD) in Christian Leadership – Ministry Leadership (Masters to Doctorate)

Online Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) in Educational Leadership (Masters to Doctorate)

Online Doctorate in Education in Curriculum and Instruction (with Areas of Study in Elementary Education, General Education, Middle-Grades Education, Secondary Education, and Special Education) (Masters to Doctorate)

Marymount University

Program Logo Image

Online Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership and Organizational Innovation (Masters to Doctorate)

Radford University

Online Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) - Educational Leadership (Masters to Doctorate)

Regent University

Online Doctor of Education (with Concentrations in Adult Education, Advanced Educational Leadership, Christian Education Leadership, Curriculum & Instruction, Educational Psychology, Educational Technology & Online Learning, Exceptional Education Executive Leadership, Higher Education Leadership & Management, K-12 School Leadership, and Special Education) (Masters to Doctorate)

The College of William & Mary

Online Executive Ed.D. in Educational Policy, Planning and Leadership - International School Leadership (Masters to Doctorate)

University of Virginia

Online Doctorate in Education (Ed.D.) in Curriculum & Instruction (with Areas of Emphasis in Curriculum & Instruction, Instructional Design and Technology, Educational Innovation, Leadership in Reading and Literacy, English as a Second Language, Gifted Education, and Social and Emotional Learning) (Masters to Doctorate)

Virginia Commonwealth University

Online Ed.D. in Leadership (with Learning Communities in Higher Education Leadership, and K-12/General Leadership) (Masters to Doctorate)

*The Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Preparation (CAEP) is now recognized as the sole accrediting body for education preparation programs in the United States. TEAC accredited programs will become CAEP accredited when their accreditation is up for renewal.

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  • Medical and Health Professions Education, PhD
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Higher Education

Become an education researcher and leader, designing, managing, and evaluating health professions education programs. Gain the practical knowledge and skills necessary to tackle major issues facing higher-education leaders.

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Contemporary Human Anatomy Education

Be part of the next generation of anatomy educators with skills related to contemporary needs, issues and best practices in diverse academic settings. Gain experience in modern anatomy teaching modalities, anatomy lab management, and course directing.

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Simulation Education

Educate the next generation of healthcare professionals using relevant models and simulations as instructional and assessment tools. Gain knowledge of the business principles and organizational structures required for successful simulation center management, as you train to become a leader in simulation education.

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MHPE students and faculty engage in research that enhances our understanding of health professions education and the diverse backgrounds and perceptions of learners. MHPE students can partner with faculty on long-term research projects related to:

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Develop an academic plan and timeline for completion based on your needs and program offerings.

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Complete all coursework online in 3.5 to 4 years following a structured course schedule.

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Follow a standard pace (3.5 to 4 years) or extended pace (4.5 to 5 years) course schedule.

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Mila Shah-Bruce

Mila Shah-Bruce

Mila is an Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Louisiana State University-HSC Shreveport. She serves as the OBGYN clerkship director for third and fourth-year medical students. Mila is active in committees such as the academic success counsel for medical students, residency clinical competency committees, medical curriculum committee, and the hospital medical executive committee. She is passionate about education and empowering students, faculty and support staff. In her free time, Mila likes to get outside and enjoy nature with her family and furbabies.

Jeremy Amayo

Jeremy Amayo

Jeremy is a DMHPE student interested in studying student self-regulation following academic failure. He serves as director of ultrasound education and is an assistant professor and critical care PA at Emory University School of Medicine. In his teaching role, he has implemented several novel active learning strategies to improve PA student competency in the basic sciences. Outside of his professional life, Jeremy loves to spend time with his wife and 3 children, play music and train Brazillian Jiujitsu. You'll usually find him with an ultrasound probe in one hand and a coffee in the other.

Alyssa Ransom

Alyssa L. Ransom

Alyssa is an Instructor of Gross Anatomy in the nursing school at LSUHSC in New Orleans, LA . She hopes to research the inclusion of race and ethnicity in the basic science course curriculum and how that impacts students. And, she admits to being one of those people that likes to do organized runs on holidays!

Dr. Becky Gates

Becky Gates

Becky is a general surgery resident at Virginia Tech-Carilion Clinic in Roanoke, VA. She is taking two professional development years to complete her MMHPE at EVMS and work as a research fellow for the C-STAR surgical education lab at University of Michigan. In the future, Becky sees herself as a program director or clerkship director who is involved in nationwide conversations about how to improve our surgical education system. In her spare time she enjoys hiking, cooking and gardening with her husband. She also enjoys snuggling with their two fur-babies.

Muhammad Owais Aziz

Muhammad Owais Aziz

Owais is a clinician, educator, researcher, equity, diversity & inclusion advocate, and disaster relief planner. Currently, he is a DMHPE student and Professor of Sciences at St. Lawrence College, Ontario. Owais is actively engaged in multiple local and international organizations. As a result, he was nominated for an Innovation Award, and designated as a Change Agent for initiating and managing organizational change. As a member of an EDI+ Belonging task force, he was nominated for the leadership excellence award at CICan, which represents 141 publicly funded colleges and universities across Canada. Owais loves traveling, playing games, and doing new experiments with his family.

Demetra Castillo

Demetra Castillo

Demetra is a certified Medical Laboratory Scientist with almost 20 years of experience as an educator in both public and private universities. She is an Associate Professor at the University of Cincinnati. Demetra has a Masters in Adult Education and is currently enrolled as a DMHPE student in the Higher Education concentration. Her research interests include spatial analysis, students with developmental and intellectual disabilities, and medical laboratory workforce shortages. In her spare time, Demetra loves to spend time with her family, swim, read books, and travel.

Melanie Nohrer

Melanie Nohrer

Melanie has worked in higher education for 11 years at a variety of administrative levels and departments including admissions, academic affairs, administration and graduate medical education. She has a Master of Education in Higher Education, Educational Leadership degree from Liberty University, and is currently pursuing a DMPHE degree at EVMS. Melanie works as an Educational Specialist for EVMS Obstetrics & Gynecology, managing all three fellowship programs. Her top priority within the program is a fellow’s success, achievement and overall experience!


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This website reflects current program information, including admission criteria and curricula. Information is subject to change.

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FTC Sues Grand Canyon University for Deceptive Advertising and Illegal Telemarketing


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The Federal Trade Commission has filed suit against Grand Canyon Education (GCE), Inc., Grand Canyon University (GCU) , and Brian Mueller—the CEO of GCE and president of GCU—for deceiving prospective doctoral students about the cost and course requirements of its doctoral programs and about being a nonprofit, while also engaging in deceptive and abusive telemarketing practices.

In a complaint filed in federal court, the FTC says that GCU and GCE told prospective students that the total cost of GCU’s “accelerated” doctoral programs was equal to the cost of just 20 courses (or 60 credits). In reality, the school requires that almost all doctoral students take additional “continuation courses” that add thousands of dollars in costs. The U.S. Department of Education reported that fewer than 2% of GCU doctoral program graduates completed their program within the cost that GCU advertises, and almost 78% of these students take five or more continuation courses.

The FTC’s complaint also says that, despite operating the school for the profit of GCE and its investors, the defendants deceptively marketed the school as a nonprofit. The FTC alleges that GCU has been operated for the profit of GCE and its stockholders, and pays 60% of its revenue to GCE pursuant to an agreement designating GCE as the exclusive provider for most university-related services. Even though he serves as GCU’s president, Mueller also benefits as both CEO and a stockholder of GCE, and receives bonuses tied to GCE’s performance. 

"Grand Canyon deceived students by holding itself out as a non-profit institution and misrepresenting the costs and number of courses required to earn doctoral degrees," said Samuel Levine, Director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection. "We will continue to aggressively pursue those who seek to take advantage of students."

The defendants also used abusive telemarketing calls to try to boost enrollment at GCU, according to the complaint. GCE advertised on websites and social media urging prospective students to submit their contact information on digital forms. GCE telemarketers then used the information to illegally contact people who have specifically requested not to be called, as well as people on the National Do Not Call Registry. GCE has also made illegal calls to numbers it purchased from lead generators.  

The FTC says the defendants’ deceptive claims and abusive telemarketing calls violated the FTC Act and the Telemarketing Sales Rule and asks the court to provide redress to consumers and prohibit the institution from further violations of the law.

The Commission vote authorizing the staff to file the complaint was 3-0. The complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona.

NOTE: The Commission files a complaint when it has “reason to believe” that the named defendants are violating or are about to violate the law and it appears to the Commission that a proceeding is in the public interest. The case will be decided by the court.

The lead staff attorneys on this matter are Michael Tankersley, Naomi Takagi, and Brian Berggren of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection.

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Harvard President Resigns After Mounting Plagiarism Accusations

Claudine Gay faced backlash over the university’s response to antisemitism on campus, which led to increased scrutiny of her academic record.

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By Jennifer Schuessler ,  Anemona Hartocollis ,  Michael Levenson and Alan Blinder

  • Jan. 2, 2024

Harvard’s president, Claudine Gay, announced her resignation on Tuesday, after her presidency had become engulfed in crisis over accusations of plagiarism and what some called her insufficient response to antisemitism on campus after the Hamas-led attacks on Israel on Oct. 7.

In announcing she would step down immediately, Dr. Gay, Harvard’s first Black president and the second woman to lead the university, ended a turbulent tenure that began last July. She will have the shortest stint in office of any Harvard president since its founding in 1636.

Alan M. Garber, an economist and physician who is Harvard’s provost and chief academic officer, will serve as interim president. Dr. Gay will remain a tenured professor of government and African and African American studies.

Dr. Gay became the second university president to resign in recent weeks, after she and the presidents of the University of Pennsylvania and M.I.T. appeared in a Dec. 5 congressional hearing in which they appeared to evade the question of whether students who called for the genocide of Jews should be punished.

Penn’s president, M. Elizabeth Magill, resigned four days after that hearing. Sally Kornbluth, M.I.T.’s president, has also faced calls for her resignation.

In a letter announcing her decision, Dr. Gay said that after consulting with members of the university’s governing body, the Harvard Corporation, “it has become clear that it is in the best interests of Harvard for me to resign so that our community can navigate this moment of extraordinary challenge with a focus on the institution rather than any individual.”

At the same time, Dr. Gay, 53, defended her academic record and suggested that she was the target of highly personal and racist attacks.

“Amidst all of this, it has been distressing to have doubt cast on my commitments to confronting hate and to upholding scholarly rigor — two bedrock values that are fundamental to who I am — and frightening to be subjected to personal attacks and threats fueled by racial animus,” she wrote.

Last year, the news of Dr. Gay’s appointment was widely seen as a breakthrough moment for the university. The daughter of Haitian immigrants and an expert on minority representation and political participation in government, she took office just as the Supreme Court rejected the use of race-conscious admissions at Harvard and other universities.

She also became a major target of some powerful graduates like the billionaire investor William A. Ackman , who was concerned about antisemitism and suggested on social media last month that Harvard had only considered candidates for the presidency who met “the D.E.I. office’s criteria,” referring to diversity, equity and inclusion.

Dr. Gay’s resignation came after the latest plagiarism accusations against her were circulated in an unsigned complaint published on Monday in The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative online journal that has led a campaign against Dr. Gay over the past few weeks.

The complaint added to about 40 other plagiarism accusations that had already been circulated in the journal. The accusations raised questions about whether Harvard was holding its president to the same academic standards as its students.

Lawrence H. Summers, the former U.S. treasury secretary who resigned as Harvard president under pressure in 2006, suggested that Dr. Gay had made the right decision. “I admire Claudine Gay for putting Harvard’s interests first at what I know must be an agonizingly difficult moment,” he said in an email.

Representative Virginia Foxx, a North Carolina Republican who leads the House committee that is investigating Harvard and other universities, said the inquiry would continue despite Dr. Gay’s resignation.

“There has been a hostile takeover of postsecondary education by political activists, woke faculty and partisan administrators,” Ms. Foxx said in a statement, adding, “The problems at Harvard are much larger than one leader.”

On Harvard’s campus, some expressed deep dismay with what they described as a politically motivated campaign against Dr. Gay and higher education more broadly. Hundreds of faculty members had signed public letters asking Harvard’s governing board to resist pressure to remove Dr. Gay.

“This is a terrible moment,” said Khalil Gibran Muhammad, a professor of history, race and public policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. “Republican congressional leaders have declared war on the independence of colleges and universities, just as Governor DeSantis has done in Florida. They will only be emboldened by Gay’s resignation.”

Some faculty members criticized how the secretive Harvard Corporation had handled the political onslaught and plagiarism allegations.

Alison Frank Johnson, a history professor, said she “couldn’t be more dismayed.”

“Instead of making a decision based on established scholarly principles, we had here a public hounding,” she said. “Instead of listening to voices of scholars in her field who could speak to the importance and originality of her research, we heard voices of derision and spite on social media. Instead of following established university procedure, we had a corporation granting access to self-appointed advisers and carrying out reviews using mysterious and undisclosed methods.”

Rumors about problems in Dr. Gay’s work had circulated for months on anonymous message boards. But the first widely publicized report came on Dec. 10, before Harvard’s board met to discuss Dr. Gay’s future, after her disastrous testimony in the congressional hearing.

That evening, the conservative activist Christopher Rufo published an essay in his Substack newsletter highlighting what he described as “problematic patterns of usage and citation” in Dr. Gay’s 1997 doctoral dissertation.

The Washington Free Beacon followed with several articles detailing allegations regarding her published scholarly articles, and reported two formal complaints submitted to the Research Integrity Office of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.

In a statement on Dec. 12 saying that Dr. Gay would stay on, the board acknowledged the accusations and said it had been made aware of them in late October. The board said it had conducted an investigation and found “a few instances of inadequate citation” in two articles, which it said would be corrected. But the infractions, the board said, did not rise to the level of “research misconduct.”

Dr. Gay was already under pressure for what some had said was the university’s inadequate response to the Oct. 7 attacks on Israel.

After initially remaining silent after student groups wrote an open letter saying that Israel was “entirely responsible” for the violence, Dr. Gay and other officials released a letter to the university community acknowledging “feelings of fear, sadness, anger and more.” After an outcry over what some considered the tepid language, Dr. Gay issued a more forceful statement condemning Hamas for “terrorist atrocities,” while urging people to use words that “illuminate and not inflame.”

At the congressional hearing, Representative Elise Stefanik, Republican of New York, pelted Dr. Gay and the other university presidents with hypothetical questions.

“At Harvard,” Ms. Stefanik asked Dr. Gay, “does calling for the genocide of Jews violate Harvard’s rules of bullying and harassment? Yes or no?”

“It can be, depending on the context,” Dr. Gay replied.

That exchange, and a similar back and forth between Ms. Stefanik and Ms. Magill, rocketed across social media and infuriated many people with close ties to the universities.

Dr. Gay moved to contain the fallout with an apology in an interview that was published in The Harvard Crimson, the campus newspaper. “When words amplify distress and pain, I don’t know how you could feel anything but regret,” she said.

One week after her testimony, the Harvard Corporation issued a unanimous statement of support — after meeting late into the night — saying that it stood firmly behind her.

But there were signs that controversy might have harmed Harvard’s reputation. The number of students who applied this fall under the university’s early action program — giving them the possibility of an admissions decision in December instead of March — fell about 17 percent, the university said last month.

Reporting was contributed by Dana Goldstein , Rob Copeland , Annie Karni and Vimal Patel . Kirsten Noyes contributed research.

Jennifer Schuessler is a culture reporter covering intellectual life and the world of ideas. She is based in New York. More about Jennifer Schuessler

Anemona Hartocollis is a national reporter for The Times, covering higher education. More about Anemona Hartocollis

Michael Levenson joined The Times in December 2019. He was previously a reporter at The Boston Globe, where he covered local, state and national politics and news. More about Michael Levenson

Alan Blinder is a national correspondent for The Times, covering education. More about Alan Blinder


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  1. Graduate Admission

    Application for admission to most graduate-level programs at the School of Education and Human Development is made using an online application system. In the event that a program uses a common application portal for applications, the program page will note that in its admission instructions.

  2. Higher Education: Ph.D.

    72 About This Program The School of Education and Human Development's Ph.D. in Higher Education program prepares graduates to pursue faculty careers or become senior administrators in colleges and universities. This is a research-based, full-time program that is offered in Charlottesville only.

  3. Curriculum & Instruction: Ed.D.

    Online Estimated Length 4-7 years Application Deadline February 1 to start next fall Credits 72 About This Program A cohort of education leaders Your classmates and faculty mentors represent some of the most diverse, passionate leaders from across the country and around the world.

  4. Doctor of Education in Leadership

    The Department of Educational Leadership is a member of the Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate ... Virginia Commonwealth University VCU Online Box 842505 Richmond, Virginia 23284-2505. 804-828-6786 [email protected] Helpful links ...

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    Academics Doctoral Programs Ph.D., Education Ph.D. in Education Concentrations Art Education Counselor Education & Supervision Curriculum, Culture & Change Educational Leadership, Policy and Justice Educational Psychology Research, Assessment and Evaluation

  7. Ph.D. in Education (Online)

    Earn your terminal degree without relocating—pursue your Ph.D. in Education online at Regent University. Our programs have been ranked among the Top 10 Best Online Graduate Education Programs in Virginia for 11 years in a row by the U.S. News & World Report, 2013-2023. Regent has also been ranked among Top National Universities for four years ...

  8. Doctoral Programs

    Finding solutions. Be part of the conversation around solutions to unprecedented challenges in educational settings across the country and globe. Blend your past professional and academic experiences into a rewarding specialized doctoral program.

  9. Online PhD & Doctorate Programs & Degrees near Virginia 2023+

    Top Online Doctorate Level Programs on Gradschools. Online PhD programs and professional doctorate degrees may be available in many academic categories. The most popular on GradSchools.com are in: Psychology: e.g. Online PhD in Developmental Psychology. Organizational Leadership: e.g. Doctor of Business Administration - Organizational Leadership.

  10. Doctor of Philosophy in Education

    Please submit a resume as part of the online application. Please submit a statement of professional goals as part of the online application. Identify your specific interests in education policy, your rationale for applying to this program, and your long-term goals. Visit our Graduate Admission page for the full admission process.

  11. Online Programs

    The online Ed.D. in Educational Administration & Supervision is Virginia State University's first online doctoral program. The program prepares education leaders and scholarly practitioners to be knowledgeable about organizational systems. Applicants must be engaged in research to improve policy and practice and be attuned to issues of equity.

  12. 10 Best Online Doctoral Programs in Virginia (or DC)

    1. Regent University thirty-three fully online doctoral programs in a variety of disciplines including Communications, Education, Ministry and Divinity, Healthcare Leadership, Psychology, STEM, and fourteen programs with varied options in Business and Leadership.

  13. Higher Education (Ph.D.)

    Graduate Programs / Doctoral Programs / Higher Education (Ph.D.) Explore Master's Programs Doctoral Programs Adult Development and Aging (M.S. to Ph.D., Ph.D.) Africana Studies (Ph.D. in Sociology) Alliance for Social, Political, Ethical, and Cultural Thought (Ph.D.) Child and Adolescent Development (M.S. to Ph.D., Ph.D. )

  14. Doctorate & Ed Specialist

    An alphabetical list of Old Dominion University's online Doctorate and Education Specialist programs, available through ODUOnline

  15. Online PhD Programs in Virginia

    They also create work schedules, manage the organization's finances, and maintain records of the facility's services. Medical and health services managers earned a median annual salary of $84,270 in May 2010, according to the BLS. However, those that managed facilities that employ more than 26 physicians earned an average of $150,756.

  16. All Ed.D. Programs in Virginia

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  17. Higher Education: Ed.D.

    Ed.D. in Higher Education students complete a program of study consisting of at least 60 hours of coursework (excluding capstone credits), including a required higher education core (12 credits), a minor in research methods (18 credits), a content minor organized around a theme or set of questions of the student's choice (12 credits), and electi...

  18. Graduate Studies

    69 Master's Degrees 55 Doctoral Degrees 7.8 K Students in a Graduate or First-Professional Degree Program A World of Opportunity Deadliest Crash: UVA Takes Hard Look at Rollovers Watch on Taking a Hard Look at Rollovers The University has always fostered close mentoring relationships between students and faculty.

  19. Online Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)

    Online Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) | Leadership & Innovation Online Doctorate of Education (Ed.D.) in Leadership & Organizational Innovation Become a Change Agent With Marymount's Doctorate in Leadership Online Online Coursework Study 100% online with the flexibility to balance your current responsibilities — no travel required.

  20. Online Doctor of Education (EdD) Programs in Virginia

    Online Doctor of Education (EdD) Programs in Virginia Updated: December 4, 2023 There are currently six schools in Virginia that offer Doctor of Education programs online.

  21. Top Online Ed.D. Programs Of 2024

    81% Overall Graduation Rate 93%

  22. Best Online Ph.D. and Doctoral Programs

    An online PhD program is an accessible way to reach the highest levels of educational attainment. Learn about financial aid, applications, and the best schools here. ... located in Virginia, offers online doctoral programs in business, education, and nursing. The 61-credit Ph.D. in business administration equally benefits MBAs and those from ...

  23. Medical and Health Professions Education, PhD

    Medical and Health Professions Education, PhD. Home; Education; Medical and Health Professions Education; ... Eastern Virginia Medical School Medical and Health Professions Education P.O. Box 1980 Norfolk, VA 23501. 757.446.0365. [email protected] . Learn More .

  24. PDF Application for Federal Student Aid

    5. If I do not consent to the redisclosure of my FTI to institutions of higher education, State higher education agencies, designated scholarship organizations, and their respective contractors, the U.S. Department of Education will be unable to calculate my eligibility for Federal student aid or

  25. FTC Sues Grand Canyon University for Deceptive Advertising and Illegal

    The Federal Trade Commission has filed suit against Grand Canyon Education (GCE), Inc., Grand Canyon University (GCU), and Brian Mueller—the CEO of GCE and president of GCU—for deceiving prospective doctoral students about the cost and course requirements of its doctoral programs and about being a nonprofit, while also engaging in deceptive and abusive telemarketing practices.

  26. Claudine Gay Resigns as Harvard President After Plagiarism Charges

    Published Jan. 2, 2024 Updated Jan. 3, 2024, 3:01 a.m. ET. Harvard's president, Claudine Gay, announced her resignation on Tuesday, after her presidency had become engulfed in crisis over ...

  27. 2024-25 FAFSA Soft Launch Details and Timelines (Updated Jan. 4, 2024

    As previously announced in the Nov. 15, 2023, Electronic Announcement, students and families will be able to complete and submit the 2024-25 FAFSA form online by Dec. 31. We will be treating the period leading up to and following Dec. 31 as a soft launch period, which will allow us to monitor and respond in real time to any potential issues ...