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  • Kajaani University of Applied Sciences
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Guide for Thesis Writing: Visual resources referencing guide

  • Information retrieval guidance
  • APA7 Style Guide: Citing and references (APA7)
  • Visual resources referencing guide
  • References (APA6)
  • KAMK's guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence:
  • English Thesis Templates
  • Thesis plan template
  • Ethical recommendations
  • Uploading your thesis to Theseus
  • Ouriginal (Formerly Urkund)

About the guide

This guide is based on ImagOA - Open Science and Use of Images guide found on https://libguides.aalto.fi/imagoa .

This guide aims to inform how to reference pictures in your work and lists different free photo bank services available on the Internet.

ImagOA text is by  Jenni  Mikkonen, Mari Pesola, Maria Rehbinder, Marika Sarvilahti  and visual design is by Metropolia, Valovirta Design, Jorgos Hatzikelis, Ulla Timonen ja Mikko Multanen. ImagOA guide is lisenced with  Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY ).

About the use of pictures in thesis

Pictures, figures and tables in thesis.

You can use different kind of graphs, tables and pictures in your thesis. They should be informative and serve their purpose. The content must be clear enough to allow them to be viewed and understood without seeing the actual text. The pictures and figures must be numbered and titled. The titles of figures and pictures is marked after the picture when the titles of tables is marked before them. 

The original sources must always be mentioned in all images, figures and tables. If you have edited an image, a figure or a table, you must indicate this while citing the source using the text "adapted from".

You must reference in your actual text to any picture, figure or a table before they occur at least once. 

To ensure accessibility of your work, every picture should have so called alt-text, that different kinds of voice readers can read.

References in APA6

Viipurinkatu at night.

Picture 1: Title (Author, year, page)

In bibliography:

Author, A. (Date).  Title of work or image  [Format]. Availability

Picture 1. Hakulinen, V.O. (1965).  Öinen näkymä pitkin Viipurinkatua länteen [Photograph]. Helsingin kaupunginmuseo. Accessed 07.04.2022. Retrieved from https://www.helsinkikuvia.fi/search/details/?image_id=hkm.HKMS000005:km0000pdp0

References in APA7

A black and white photograph of men working near castle ruins in Kajaani

Author, A. (Date).  Title of work or image  [Format]. Site name. Availability

Renfors, H. (1936).  Tukinuittoa Kajaanin linnan raunioilla  [Photograph]. Finnish Heritage Agency. Retrieved Sep 1, 2022, from  https://finna.fi/Record/museovirasto.F9CDE2778EB6BEF58734191AE93D06CA

How to insert pictures in theses

The most up to date information on how to insert pictures to your thesis you will find in our thesis guide . 

About citation right in theses

Theses can use images to some extent without permission as allowed by the so-called fair-use principle. The fair-use principle means that academic works may cite published works when the image is closely related to the subject matter discussed in the work. A portion of an image or an entire image can only be used to the extent necessary to investigate the subject.

When an image is used in a thesis following the fair-use principle, the image must also be discussed in the text itself. The use is justified when it clarifies and illustrates your own presentation. When using images, you should always remember the related citation policies. Indicate the publisher’s or photographer’s name as the source of the image.

  • << Edellinen: APA7 Style Guide: Citing and references (APA7)
  • Seuraava: References (APA6) >>
  • Päivitetty viimeksi: Jun 17, 2024 12:51 PM
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kamk thesis template

Instructions for written assignments and theses

Useful information on thesis and writing, before starting the work, useful information before starting your thesis.

Choose the topic for your thesis: explore the literature and current discussion on the topic that interests you. Explore different ways of carrying out a thesis. Find possible co-operation partners from the working life.

Explore theses related to your topic on Theseus:

  • Theseus.fi launch

A thesis can be research-based, practice-based, diary-based, portfolio-based, or article-based. All the different thesis types are used in all degree programmes. All thesis reports, whatever their format, must be accompanied by a list of references and possible appendices.

Research-based thesis

The main focus of a thesis based on research is on developing working life, which is done with an investigative approach. It involves applied research, solving practical problems and questions that arise in the working life of one’s professional field. They guide the production of knowledge in a practical context. It is a strong combination of concrete development activities and the application of research methods, the analysis of the data obtained, and the use of theoretical knowledge.

  • Introduction.  The introduction leads the reader to the topic of the thesis. It sets out the background to the choice of topic and the perspective of the thesis. It explains the purpose and objective of the thesis and justifies the relevance and importance of the topic, its benefits for the field and/or the client. The introduction also includes a brief description of the methodology used.
  • Purpose, objectives and research questions/development tasks.  Description of the target organisation if the thesis has a client. (Can also be chapter 3.)
  • Theoretical framework (create headings describing the content) (can also be chapter 2).  Description of the theoretical framework used in the thesis, description of previous literature and research on the topic. The theorical framework is selected according to the way the topic will be dealt with.
  • Description of the methods (create titles describing the content).  Description of the methods to be used and the data collection plan in sufficient detail to allow a professional to assess their reliability. The data management plan is presented here.
  • Implementation.  Description of how the research will be carried out, depending on the data collection methods chosen. Description of the data, its collection and analysis. Considerations on the ethics of the research (can also be done in the discussion).
  • Results.  The results and outputs of the thesis will be published as required by the development/research task. One recommended way is to report the key findings by the research questions that have been addressed in the thesis. It is also worth ensuring that the results meet the objective set for the work. Particular attention should be paid to the way the results and conclusions are presented, as this is the part of most interest to the client.
  • Conclusions and discussion.  Conclusions are drawn from the results obtained in the thesis and discussed in relation to the starting points of the development/research task. The conclusions reflect on the theoretical framework used in the empirical study. The conclusions show how the thesis has changed or added to the knowledge in the area to be developed and how the results can be used in practice. The topic, its implementation, reliability, and ethical issues are evaluated. The thesis author presents their own views and opinions on the development/research task and their own professional development. Further research suggestions should also be made.

Practice-based thesis

The starting point for a practice-based thesis is a concrete, existing task, for which a solution is sought through the thesis. A practice-based thesis is workplace-oriented, it aims to develop, instruct, organise or improve the efficiency of practical activities. It results in an output, which can be, for example, a concrete product, a set of guidelines, an implementation of a service, a field-specific plan, a concept, or a model. A practice-based thesis often has an external sponsor. The thesis report should include an appropriate theoretical framework as well as a description and evaluation of the operational component in relation to it. The report should also present the operational part, i.e. the stages in the production of the output, in a coherent manner from a specific, predefined perspective.

An indicative structure for a practice-based thesis. To be agreed in more detail with the supervisor of the thesis.

  • Introduction.  The introduction leads the reader to the topic of the thesis. It sets out the background to the choice of topic and the perspective of the thesis. It explains the purpose and objective of the thesis and justifies the relevance and importance of the topic, its benefits for the field and/or the client/sponsor. The introduction also includes a brief description of the methodology used.
  • The purpose, objectives, and research and development tasks of the thesis.  Description of the target organisation if the thesis has a client/sponsor. (Can also be chapter 3.)
  • Theoretical framework, theory (create headings describing the content) (can also be chapter 2).
  • The methods used in the thesis (create titles describing the content).  Description of the methods to be used in the practice-based thesis and the data collection plan in sufficient detail to allow a professional to assess their reliability. The data management plan is presented here if needed.
  • The implementation of the practice-based thesis and the description of the results/output.  The design and implementation of the desired output is described in a coherent manner. The choices made are justified on the basis of the chosen theoretical framework and existing evidence. Research questions and their answers may be used to present the results. Particular attention should be paid to the presentation of the results and conclusions, as this is the part of most interest to the client.
  • Discussion.  The topic of the thesis, its implementation, results/output and reliability as well as ethical questions are evaluated. The results/output of the thesis are compared with the previous results and knowledge base presented in the theoretical framework. The thesis writer presents their own views and opinions on the thesis and their own professional development. It is also important that the thesis presents the feedback that the client, target group or professionals have given on the produced output.

Article-based thesis

An article-based thesis includes articles or blog posts published in a professional or scientific journal of the field. The target audience of the articles should always be the community of experts in the field. Article-based theses are suitable if the topic is particularly topical, forward-looking, or of interest to the general public. Demonstrating expertise in the form of an article can give more visibility if it is necessary, for example, from the point of view of further education. The thesis may include one or more professional or scientific articles presenting the results of research or development work. The possible publication channels will be chosen in a guidance discussion with the teacher in accordance with the professional field and the nature of the work. The medium of publication of the article (journal or electronic platform) must have an editorial board that approves articles for publication. In the case of a co-written article, it must be possible to clearly identify the writer’s own independent contribution. In addition to the articles, the thesis will include a report containing an introduction, conclusions, and a discussion.

An indicative structure for an article-based thesis. To be agreed in more detail with the supervisor of the thesis.

  • Introduction, conclusions and discussion.  Definitions of the objectives, theoretical framework and methodology of the article(s) and the assessment of the relevance and usability of the results of the publication(s) at the time of publication. The actual results are left in the article, as the results to be published in the article must be previously unpublished. If there is more than one article, this part should include a description of how they relate to each other and what kind of a whole they form. If there are several authors, their roles in the design, implementation and writing of the thesis are clearly identified here.
  • Article(s).  The article(s) are written according to the guidelines of the chosen publication channel as a professional journal article (D), in the SAMK publication series (D), as a peer-reviewed scientific article (A), a non-peer-reviewed scientific article (B) or other appropriate publication (E). For A and B categories, one article is sufficient. For categories D and E, more than one article is required. A single article can only be submitted to one publication channel at a time and the results must be previously unpublished. The publication channel must have an editorial board. If the article includes more than one student, their names are listed in alphabetical order. The supervisor will be listed as the last author. The manuscript of the article may be accepted as a thesis before publication. In this case, the thesis submitted to Theseus will indicate the publication channel to which the article has been submitted. The results of the article or the manuscript of the article will not be submitted in Theseus, as the results to be published in the article must be previously unpublished. If the article(s) has/have been published before the thesis is submitted in Theseus, the bibliographic details of the article (see bibliographic reference) will be included in the report.

Portfolio-based thesis

A portfolio-based thesis is suitable for students with a strong commitment to the field. Students gather the work they have produced at different stages during the studies. It is also possible to use pre-study or extra-curricular work, provided that it meets the requirements of the field and the skills. The outputs do not have to be written, but they must be documented. The different outputs will be linked to each other by means of the theoretical framework and as a whole, they form the thesis. The research problems/questions of the work are defined and formulated, and the research methods are chosen.

The advantage of a portfolio-based thesis is that it can make use of the outputs produced during studies in other courses, as students can choose a topic of their own interest early on in their studies and take it into account in their course assignments.

An indicative structure for a portfolio-based thesis. To be agreed in more detail with the supervisor of the thesis.

  • Introduction.  The introduction sets out the background to the choice of theme(s) and the need for the thesis. It can also describe the writer’s interest in and the background of the chose theme. The introduction tells the objective of the thesis and justifies the relevance and importance of the topic, its benefits for the field and/or the client.
  • The purpose and objective of the thesis and the research questions.  Description of the target organisation if the thesis has a client. Explanation of the purpose and objective of the thesis in a way that clearly shows the need for it in terms of content and timeliness. It can be commissioned by a client, but it can also be a means of increasing the student’s own expertise and tools. The objective of the research is expressed in the form of research questions.
  • Theoretical framework for the chosen theme.  Description of the theoretical framework that ties the chosen theme and outputs together: what is known about the theme previously, i.e. literature, studies and reviews are consulted and used.
  • Description of the research and development methods used.  Description of the methods and data collection related to the outputs of the portfolio and the methods of data analysis per output, taking into account the reliability of the data collection. The data management plan is presented here if needed. Presentation of portfolio outputs. Description and analysis of the outputs as well as the selection, design and implementation processes for each output, and the usability of the outputs. The linkages between the outputs and the theoretical framework and working life are also described.
  • Conclusions and discussion on the outputs.  In the conclusions and discussion, the writer critically considers and evaluates the usefulness and development curve of the theoretical framework and the thesis package formed from the outputs, as well as further plans. The discussion also describes the feedback from the possible client of the outputs and critically examines the writer’s own learning.

Diary-based thesis

The objective of the diary-based thesis is to develop and demonstrate the student’s ability to apply their knowledge and skills in a practical, expert task related to professional studies. A typical feature of a diary-based thesis is that information is gathered as the work progresses. This approach is particularly suitable for students who are already in a strong expert role in the work required for the degree. In terms of research, a diary-based thesis is a form of autoethnographic research, like a portfolio-based thesis. In addition to the diary, the report contains a theoretical framework, which includes a conceptual definition as an extended theoretical framework for the chosen theme(s). The diary can be written, for example, by theme or on a weekly basis. The work includes student reflection, brainstorming and conclusions.

An indicative structure for a diary-based thesis. To be agreed in more detail with the supervisor of the thesis.

  • Introduction.  The introduction presents the topicality and background of the chosen theme(s), justifies the need for the field and the potential client. It may also describe the writer’s interest in and background to the chosen topic. The introduction presents the objectives and the starting point on a general level, and a plan for the work. The introduction sets out the research problems/questions
  • Description of the current situation.  A brief description of the context of the field (stakeholders, resources, team, etc.) and the potential target organisation. Description of one’s role in the work community and the related competence requirements, including for other employees. Description of one’s professional development stage and needs in relation to the degree to be obtained. Description the chosen topic and the theoretical framework required: key theoretical and professional concepts based on studies, reviews and recommendations.
  • Purpose and objectives.  Specification of research problems/questions as well as the purpose and learning objectives of the work. Description of the plans for keeping the diary, such as the timetable, the method of reporting (thematic/weekly/daily) and the content of the diary report (development plans/other findings).
  • Job description and learning in theform of diaryentries.  Description of the issues raised by the work in relation to the objective, the theoretical framework and the research problem. It is important to highlight what new information was gained during the reporting process. Bringing forward the findings and related good practices to improve the situation using the theoretical framework Analysing the findings and evaluating different approaches, justifying their suitability or unsuitability for one’s work or developing new approaches. It is important that the thesis report brings forward the development of knowledge by the diary entries.
  • Summary of results.  The results give a summary of what the diary produced, i.e. how the result compares with the set objective. The student will then make choices and suggestions to solve the problem at hand. This can be done by answering the research questions and reflecting on the theoretical framework. The reliability of the results is assessed.
  • Conclusions and discussion.  In the conclusions and discussion, the writer critically reflects on and evaluates the overall quality, usefulness, and development of the diary thesis, as well as further plans. In the reflection the student also describes the feedback from the potential client and critically examines their own learning.

It is published either in the open or restricted collection in Theseus:

  • open collection, i.e. the thesis is available to everybody to read and find on the internet
  • restricted collection, i.e. the work can be read only in the SAMK network

In both collections, basic information about the thesis (author, title, subject headings, abstract) is openly available and can be found in the library’s SAMK-Finna and other search services. Anyone interested has the right to access the thesis, regardless of the collection in which it is published ( Act on the Openness of Government Activities launch ) Read more  about the collections launch .

SAMK has  common instructions for the use of artificial intelligence launch  (hereinafter referred to as AI) in studies and work, which also serve as the basis for these guidelines for using AI when writing a thesis.

  • getting ideas for essential themes related to the topic, planning the structure of the work and selecting the research method ( example launch )
  • general discussion and guidance on problematic issues (“how to proceed…”, “I have the following problem…, what are the alternatives to solving it”, etc.) ( example launch )
  • planning and ideation for information retrieval ( example launch )
  • analysing the research data (remember data protection, see section 4)
  • checking and translating one’s text
  • creating images. Alongside the image, the creator and the AI application used are mentioned, for example, (Image: Jane Doe, created with DALL-E 3 AI). If the creation of the image is the subject of research in a thesis, the prompt used is included in the work, for example, (Image: Jane Doe, created with DALL-E 3 AI, prompt in Appendix 1).
  • Originality . The student is responsible for the content of their thesis. The author ensures that the ideas and thoughts presented without citations in the thesis are their own or of common knowledge. The original meaning of a text rewritten using AI must not change significantly. AI is only a tool and a research assistant.
  • Copyright . AI is not a scientific original source of information. The text it produces is neither error-free nor original. One must always check the accuracy of the information and refer to the original sources.
  • Data protection . One must not include sensitive or confidential information or information compromising someone’s privacy (name, contact details, date of birth, personal identity code, student number, etc.) in the conversation with the AI. One must read the terms of use and privacy policies of the applications.
  • The use of AI in the thesis should be described in the introductory chapter. In it, the author describes: which AI applications (ChatGPT, Microsoft Copilot, Gemini, DeepL, Grammarly, etc.) have been used to complete the work and how they have been used ( example launch ).
  • If you are referring to an AI application as software or to a discussion you have had with an AI application, please use the SAMK Reference Guide, chapter 10 “Statistics, data, computer software”. The discussion with the AI application etc. can be added as an appendix or web link to the thesis, if necessary.
  • Guidelines . These guidelines will be updated as necessary.

Artificial intelligence applications

The following AI applications are free, but some require you to register. Please do not use your SAMK email address to create an account.

  • ChatGPT  for brainstorming, reviewing, summarising, proofreading, translating, etc.:  homepage launch ,  terms of use launch ,  privacy policy launch
  • Microsoft Copilot for brainstorming, reviewing, summarising, proofreading, translating, etc.:  homepage launch ,  terms of use launch ,  privacy policy launch
  • Gemini for brainstorming, reviewing, summarising, proofreading, translating, etc.:  homepage launch ,  terms of use launch ,  privacy policy launch
  • DeepL  for translation, language checking:  homepage launch ,  terms of use launch ,  privacy policy launch
  • Grammarly  to check language:  homepage launch ,  terms of use launch ,  privacy policy launch

Important links

Agreement on the preparation of a thesis (pdf) launch

  • AI Policy launch
  • Application for a research permission for theses at SAMK (pdf) launch
  • Ethical guidelines arrow_forward
  • Ethical recommendations for thesis writing (pdf) launch
  • Help with thesis launch
  • Individual support arrangements arrow_forward
  • INFOtelakka helps you find information arrow_forward
  • Letter templates launch
  • Literature on research methodology launch
  • Maturity exam (pdf) launch
  • Reference guide (pdf) launch
  • Reference management tips launch
  • Template for a thesis (docx) launch
  • Template for a written report (docx) launch
  • Thesis data management plan (pdf) launch
  • Wihi launch

Planning stage

Planning stage (bachelor 5 ects credits, master 10 ects credits).

The student starting their thesis should have adequate abilities, as regards content and methodology, to complete the work, i.e. a sufficient amount of studies and knowledge of the field in question as well as methods to get started. To support the student in the thesis process, the university provides guidance in research communication and methodology. The topic of the thesis should support the development of professional skills, one’s career or the field, or the general objectives of a university of applied sciences. Often it is also a stepping stone to working life, i.e. it is important to consider the topic selection also from this point of view. From the perspective of the actual progress of the thesis, it is important that your topic means something to you and the results are worth pursuing.

The topic and implementation methods should be discussed with the teacher or supervisor coordinating the theses and with the possible working life contact person.  At this stage, students move on to submit a topic proposal to Wihi.  In the proposal, they enter their details (e.g. degree programme, which must be precise and use the official name of the education so that the coordinators can identify and process the proposals of their education from the list), the title of the thesis in Finnish and English (can be changed at the completion stage of the thesis), the type (research-based, practice-based, portfolio-based, diary-based), the planned timetable, a description of the content, objective and outcome of the work, the methods and possible tools used, and the details of the company that commissioned the thesis.

The topic will be approved in Wihi and a supervisor(s) will be assigned to the thesis.

At the planning stage, a plan for the thesis is drawn up, including the background, purpose, objectives, approach, methodological choices, description of the implementation process, assessment of ethics and reliability, and timetable. If the thesis has several authors, a division of tasks is defined.

The plan is written on the thesis template. The plan is worked on via Wihi, i.e. the student returns the plan in Wihi to the teacher for comments. Other communication related to the thesis will also take place in Wihi.

If you are collaborating on a thesis with a student from a different university of applied sciences,

  • choose which university’s thesis template you will use
  • determine the order in which the authors’ names will appear on the cover, and maintain the same order throughout (abstract, file name, Theseus submission)
  • you may include the logos of both universities on the cover page
  • each of you should save the final work in your respective university’s Theseus collection

1. Introduction

  • presenting and justifying the topic for the thesis (what is being studied/developed and why) and, where appropriate, delimiting the topic and justifying this delimitation
  • presenting the link between the topic and the student’s education and working life
  • justifying the choice of the topic
  • presenting and writing down the division of labour if the thesis has several authors

2. Theoretical framework (create headings describing the content)

  • presenting the theoretical framework relevant to the topic, and describing previous literature and research on the topic
  • defining the key concepts relevant to the topic and the chosen perspective

3. Purpose, objectives, and research questions

  • stating the purpose of the thesis as precisely as possible (why this research/development is necessary, try to describe the purpose in one sentence)
  • defining the objectives of the thesis (what is the benefit of the thesis and for whom) and what can be achieved through the thesis
  • identifying the questions/problems/development areas to be addressed by the thesis, based on the purpose and objectives

4. Methodological implementation

  • describing and justifying the research or development method by which the objectives of the thesis can be achieved
  • illustrating the step-by-step progression of the process/research process of the practice-oriented thesis
  • presenting the results, development plan, or other output to be achieved and how they will be reported of the work

5. Ethical and reliability issues and data management plan

  • describing the ethical assumptions of the thesis and how they are taken into account
  • describing the factors affecting reliability
  • where appropriate, a separate Data Management Plan is completed or included in the thesis project plan

6. The structure of the thesis

  • describing the tentative structure of the thesis
  • the tentative table of contents

7. Timetable and required resources

An agreement on the preparation of a thesis signed of all theses written in SAMK. The thesis plan and agreement are submitted to Wihi at the stage ‘Project plan’.

The agreement is made for all theses by filling in the form OPO7A/B (pdf) launch The agreement on the preparation of a thesis is a written agreement between the student, the company/community commissioning the thesis, and SAMK to write a thesis. If the thesis is done for SAMK, the client signing the agreement is the head of the administrative unit for which the work is done. On behalf of SAMK, the agreement is signed by the dean of faculty in question and the supervising teacher. The person responsible for writing the agreement is the student. When signing the agreement, it is important to make sure that all the parties involved understand that the thesis report is always a public document. The possible confidential part can be located in a document separate from the actual report, delivered to the client.

Please, first load this OP07B form below on your computer, then prefill, save, and get  electronic signatures through SAMK’s ServiceDesk service: “Get signatures to thesis agreement”. ServiceDesk serves at  servicedesk.samk.fi launch .

The research permit procedure follows the procedures of the organization to which the thesis relates. The practices vary from field to field and the student should always clarify with the client the type of research permit required for their study. It is important to note that, depending on the organisation, it can take several weeks to obtain permission.

A research permit must always be applied for a study concerning SAMK students, personnel, or operations and producing public information about SAMK and the people at SAMK. The research permit is applied with the form  OP21A/B (pdf) launch . The application is addressed to the Quality Manager who decides on the research permits for theses concerning SAMK. The student should add a preliminary research plan approved by the supervisor to the application. The Quality Manager informs both the dean of the faculty where the student writing the thesis studies and the head of the administrative unit in which the study is to be carried out of the permits granted.

For more information 

Procedural instruction for thesis agreement ME1206 Thesis, Research Permit: ME1206 Thesis. launch

The student will receive a mark ‘approved’ for their performance to Wihi and Loki for stage 1/3 of the thesis when the thesis project plan has been approved by the supervisor and the thesis agreement has been signed, the student has obtained the necessary permits and completed any other degree-specific tasks in stage 1/3.

Implementation

Implementation (bachelor 5 ects credits, master 10 ects credits).

The thesis template guides you in the process of writing the written report for your thesis. The template can be used directly as the basis of a thesis. You should save it immediately with the name surname_firstname required by Theseus.

The template has been updated in October 2022: the font is Arial, page numbering continues throughout the work, appendices are shown separately in the table of contents, additional instructions for illustrating the text.

Template for a thesis in English (docx) launch

Template for a thesis in Finnish (docx) launch

In the thesis process, information retrieval and sources are in a key role. The use of sources reveals the higher education level of the student’s development and research skills. Signs of good source material are reliability, objectivity, and topicality. The proper use of sources is unbiased and respects the original source.

Compiling a list of sources for the thesis starts with the very first source used in the thesis. It is a good idea to be careful with references right from the beginning, as it can be difficult to go back to them.

Guidelines for searching and using sources:

  • Library Moodle: Systematic information retrieval launch
  • Materials from the courses Research Communication and Research Methods

Good starting points for information retrieval:

  • SAMK-Finna launch
  • Google Scholar launch

Citing and referencing

  • Follow the SAMK Reference Guide APA7 (pdf) launch

Students who have started their studies in spring 2020 or earlier can, when agreed with their supervisor, use the older guide, which is available on the Oiva intranet on the page  Citing and the reference list launch .

Reference management tools can be used to help you save and reference sources. For tips, see the  Citing section in the Library Moodle launch .

The implementation plan written in the planning stage is taken into use and the selected approaches and research methods are used as described in the literature.

Methodological solutions for the thesis should be discussed with the thesis supervisors. They are able to guide you on the methodological choices that will best lead to a successful outcome.

The different methods are introduced in the research method courses. Literature on research methods is also readily available via SAMK-Finna.

  • Literature on research methodology launch

If you need SAMK letter templates for accompanying letters related to your thesis, you can find them below:

  • SAMK Campus Pori launch
  • SAMK Campus Rauma (Satamakatu) launch
  • SAMK Campus Rauma (Suojantie) launch
  • Fine Arts Campus launch
  • Kuninkainen Campus launch

The writing process including visualization and accessibility 

The practical piece of work – a guidebook, device, event, training module, sculpture, work community development project, etc. – related to the thesis does not constitute the entire thesis, even if it meets the highest standards and comes in extremely useful.  The client is usually more interested in the application, the end product, but a report is always written to describe the process leading to the outcome.  The report is the piece of work that shall be evaluated. Therefore, it is important that all the work you have done is documented in the report as well as possible – in the body of the text or the appendices.  Reporting skills are essential in working life.

Two basic things about writing

  • your text communicates to others
  • writing elaborates your thoughts; as you formulate the matter, your thinking also takes it forward.

From reading the introduction and the final paragraph, the reader should understand what the report deals with – although the text in between describes the process and how the results were achieved.

When revising the thesis report, pay attention to

  • readability: Is your text clear? Does it progress logically and without unnecessary repetitions? Does it convey the message you want?
  • argumentativeness: Why was the text written and why is it worth reading?
  • credibility: Are the conclusions valid? Was the method appropriate and reliable? What are the limitations?
  • usability: How did this work? Can it be applied elsewhere? What could be done based on this in the future?

To summarize and illustrate research results you can use tables, pictures, figures, or direct quotations selected from empirical data. You can also use figures to illustrate e.g., the progress of work – especially of a product, work of art, etc.

The tables and figures must be clear, informative, and appropriate. They must be understandable on the basis of content and heading, without additional text. A table or graph that is not essential for understanding the text may be included in the appendices. Its purpose is to provide additional information. The template for the thesis provides guidance on the layout and referencing of tables, figures, graphs, and diagrams. Images published by others may be cited in a scholarly presentation, such as a thesis or art historical study, and in a critical presentation, such as a theatre or visual arts review. The right to quote images is fairly limited in copyright law and in practice usually allows the use of an image in a scientific publication (such as a thesis) and only if the image has a clear illustrative link to the text of the thesis.

You can use pictures taken or created by yourself freely as long as you pay attention to the right to privacy of the persons appearing in them. If there are clearly recognisable persons in a picture, ask them for permission to use it. Please note that theses with their pictures are generally available in the Theseus online archive for anyone to view.

If you use a picture taken or created by someone else, e.g., an acquaintance of yours, that has not yet been published elsewhere, you must as for permission to use it. The creator’s name must be mentioned in connection with the picture, and it must be stated that the use of the picture is authorised. Furthermore, you must ask the persons appearing in the picture for their consent before you can use the picture.

A separate list of pictures does not have to be attached to the list of references. Photographs of works of art can be used in a thesis. Remember to provide information on the object of the picture (name of the work of art, artist, and year, if known) in addition to the information on the creator or photographer.

For more information: 

Open science and use of images launch

The accessible thesis is accessible online, even if you have reading or viewing disabilities. Make your thesis accessible according to  the Theseus guidelines. launch

The ethical ground rules based on good scientific practice apply to a thesis as well. This means using honest, responsible, and correct measures when doing research: the agreement on the preparation of a thesis has been signed, the research permit and privacy statement exist in the theses requiring them, the sources are reliable and cited appropriately, the research material and process have been well documented, and the conclusion of the work is reliable.

In addition, in interviews and similar research where people, or what they say or produce, compose the research material, it is obligatory to exercise particular caution related to privacy and data protection when writing the thesis report. The student should check whether personal contact information is unnecessarily visible in the thesis. You can replace addresses, phone numbers, email addresses, and birth dates in the word processor, for example by typing XXXXXX instead. Note: Changing the text background to black will not help, as the text can still be copied.

The objective and competent interpretation of the research material is part of being ethical. The outcome and conclusions of the work must be reliable.

Thesis templates

Completion state, completion state (bachelor 5 ects credits, master 10 ects credits).

If the client considers that any part of the thesis is confidential, such content may not be published in the report uploaded in Theseus. In such a situation, the report should be written in such a way that the content is sufficiently anonymous.

Ensure data protection

Make sure that your thesis (including any appendices) does not unnecessarily include student numbers, birth dates, addresses, telephone numbers, or other personal contact information that you do not want to be made public. You can delete them or replace them in a word processor, for example by typing XXXXXX in their place. Note. Changing the text background to black will not help, as the text can still be copied.

Make sure your work is accessible

Check the accessibility of your thesis according to the  Theseus guidelines launch .

Want to share the rights to your work under a Creative Commons licence? 

Do you want to give your work (report or appendix) more rights than the copyright automatically allows? If you do not use a CC licence, you retain all rights, and the work does not need to be marked as such. Readers will then be able to use your work in ways that are permitted by copyright, for example by citing it as a source.

If you assign additional rights under a CC licence to a user of your work, please indicate this on the opening pages of the work – in the report, on the abstract, and in the appendix, on the page containing the author information. Use the following text: “This work is licensed under [CC license name], [CC license URL]”, e.g. “ This work is licensed under a CC BY-SA license launch “.  Read more. launch

Save as PDF/A file as Surname_Firstname.pdf

Theses are archived permanently. Therefore, it is essential that the report is in PDF/A format for long-term storage. The file name must be “Surname_Firstname.pdf”, for example, “Meikalainen_Matti.pdf”. If there is more than one author, please enter the name in the format Surname_Surname.pdf. Allowed characters are 1-9, a-z, A-Z and _. Do not use the diacritics in the file name. Read the instructions for creating a PDF/A file launch  or watch  a video on YouTube launch .

If you have problems saving a PDF/A file, you can contact IT Support.

Final glances and appendices

Finally, open the PDF/A file and see if everything seems to be in order.

If any appendices to the work cannot be converted into a PDF/A file and attached to the report file, they can be left in their original file format. Audio, image and video files, etc. can be saved in their original format. For more information on formats that can be  stored and transferred. launch

The file size limit in Theseus is 2 GB. For publication and archiving of larger files, please contact the library by e-mail: [email protected] mail .

All theses go through a plagiarism check before the final evaluation. SAMK uses the Turnitin plagiarism detection system. When a student returns a completed thesis to Wihi, it is automatically sent to the Turnitin plagiarism detection system. If the thesis is not done in Wihi, the teacher indicates a submission space in Moodle where the student returns the work and it is sent to Turnitin for plagiarism detection. The thesis supervisor gives more detailed instructions on how to send the work to the plagiarism check. The student accepts the Turnitin plagiarism check procedure when submitting the thesis for assessment. Turnitin enables the thesis supervisor to check, for example, the electronic sources used in the thesis and the accuracy of references. The evaluation report is accompanied by a statement on the plagiarism check, signed by the supervisor. The student can attach the statement to their CV, for example.

The thesis is evaluated by the supervisor according to the thesis assessment criteria at SAMK. The thesis will be evaluated according to the thesis assessment criteria (pdf) launch .

The items to be evaluated and their weight

  • Choice and outlining of topic and objectives, weighting 10%.
  • Definition of concepts and use of sources to build the theoretical framework, weighting 20%.
  • Selection, description, and use of methods and approach, weighting 20%.
  • Usefulness of the thesis, weight 20
  • Reliability of the implementation of the results/output and compliance with the ethical recommendations of the thesis, weight 10
  • Reporting and structure of the work, weight 10
  • Ability to reflect on the thesis process and own development, weighting 10%.

The Master’s theses will be evaluated according to the thesis assessment criteria for a Master’s thesis (pdf) launch .

  • Topic and objectives, weighting 15 %.
  • Theoretical framework and key concepts, weighting 15%.
  • Implementation, weighting 24%
  • Results and discussion, weighting 31%
  • Reporting, weighting 15%

The maturity exam is an exam based on the thesis and written in supervised conditions. It is an independent study performance, which does not affect the evaluation of the thesis.

With the maturity exam, the student demonstrates their familiarity with the field as well as Finnish or Swedish language skills (A1129/2014, Sections 7 and 8). According to the procedural instruction (ME2107), this procedure concerns all theses written in SAMK (both Bachelor’s and Master’s theses).  If the student’s mother tongue is not Finnish or Swedish, the maturity test can be taken in English.

The maturity exam is regulated by Act on the Knowledge of Languages Required of Personnel in Public Bodies 424/2003, The Government Decree on the Demonstration of Proficiency in the Finnish and Swedish Languages in the Civil Service 481/2003, the Law on Universities of Applied Sciences 932/2014, the Government’s Decree on Universities of Applied Sciences 1129/2014 and SAMK Degree regulation.

OP05B Maturity exam (pdf) launch

The work you submit must be the final, approved version of your thesis. The file name must be “Surname_Firstname.pdf”, for example, “Meikalainen_Matti.pdf”. If there is more than one author, please enter the name in the format Surname_Surname.pdf.

If your thesis has multiple authors, one author will submit the work on behalf of the others only once. The submitting process takes 10-20 minutes. If you encounter technical problems during the submitting process, you can contact IT Support.

More information can be found in the  Theseus submission guidelines. launch

  • If your thesis is in English, start on  submissions.theseus.fi/en launch . See the instructions.
  • Click on ‘Save thesis’ to start. Select Satakunnan ammattikorkeakoulu from the list and click Log in. Log in with your SAMK-ID.
  • Select a collection:
  • open collection, i.e. accessible to everyone on the Internet
  • Restricted collection, i.e. the work can be read only in SAMK network
  • Theses are public documents and universities of applied sciences recommend the Theseus open collection.
  • Accept the Distribution licence.
  • Upload and save the file(s) (report and any attachments) from your computer to Theseus.
  • Fill in the details of the publication on the deposit form. Under “Copyright/User Rights Information”, select “All Rights Reserved” if you do not assign additional rights to the user of your work under a Creative Commons license. If you use a CC license to share access rights to the file(s) you are saving, select the “strictest” license you use. For example, if you are sharing the attached guide under a CC license, but not the report, select “All rights reserved”.
  • Review the information. You can still correct the information if necessary. Copy and save for yourself the URN from the data. Do not change the content of the URN field in the Theseus form. Please note, however, that when you save the URN as a link to the thesis in Wihi and the graduation application, add https://urn.fi/ to the beginning of the URN. It will then work as a link.
  • Finally, click on Submit Publication.
  • You will receive confirmation by email that your thesis has been transferred to the Theseus open repository. Your work will be visible online once the SAMK library personnel have checked the information related to your thesis. The estimated processing time is up to two working days.
  • There is a delay before the URN and the link start to work after your thesis has been published in Theseus.

With questions concerning/regarding Theseus, please contact the library by email  [email protected] mail .

⚠️ SUMMER BREAK

New theses submitted to Theseus.fi will not be processed from 8 to 31 July. They will be processed after the break. Only then will the URN and the link to the thesis start working.

  • For Students
  • Information Guide for Students

The purpose of the thesis is to develop your skills in critical thinking, application of knowledge, creativity, independent problem solving, and developing your own expertise, work, and professional field. With your thesis, you will demonstrate that you can operate in expert roles within your future profession.

Instructions

Instructions, thesis templates, and master’s level evaluation criteria were updated on August 1, 2023, so it is advisable to read them carefully. The instructions, for example, provide more information about the reform related to the phasing of credits, meaning from August 1, 2023, onwards you will receive a ‘passed’ performance mark in three different stages in Pakki, which will change according to the final grade when the thesis is completed.

Instructions, links, and forms for completing the thesis

Writing guidelines and citation technique

The citation technique is now APA 7. In some technical fields, the number citation technique will be used. There’s a transition period for the adoption of the new writing guidelines; if you’ve already started your thesis, you can use the previous citation technique.

The updated writing guidelines, which are followed throughout the studies

VAMK

Three people sitting with computers in a read chairs. Two women looking each other and behind one man looking them.

The aim of a thesis is to build up both the student’s general workplace skills and their sector-specific professional competence.

The theses are targeted at the needs of the workplace and implemented as development projects or as part of research unit projects.

Thesis quick links

The scope of a Bachelor’s thesis is 15 credits, while the scope of a Master’s thesis is 30 credits.

A Master’s thesis is broader and more in-depth and analytical in its approach than a Bachelor’s thesis.

The Bachelor’s thesis is designed to act as a bridge between studies and the world of work, to facilitate the transition to the workplace, and to help students establish contacts within the operational environment and culture of their relevant field.

The target of the Master’s thesis is to create, produce and develop competence which meets the development needs of regional industries and the society. 

Thesis phases

After completing a bachelor’s thesis , you will.

  • know how to find and apply national and international information in their own field, and are capable of critical assessment and analysis of information and understanding complex issues
  • are able to apply appropriate research and development methods to solving workplace problems
  • work with initiative and with a development-oriented work approach
  • demonstrate capabilities for developing their professional field.

After completing a Master’s thesis , you will

  • know how to obtain and apply in-depth information in their areas of expertise and neighbouring fields, including deep national and international information, and are able to critically evaluate information and understand complex issues as well as create new knowledge
  • master research and development methodology and know how to carry out research and development projects with the aim of contributing to the development of their field
  • demonstrate initiative and a research-driven and development-oriented work approach, and are capable of creative and innovative problem-solving and decision-making in the changing work environment.

Thesis process

Writing a thesis is a process that is documented in the Wihi system. Wihi is a software for the supervision and management of thesis projects, and it monitors the progress of the thesis and saves the events, files, communications and activity during the thesis process. More detailed instructions for using Wihi can be found in the Wihi instructions for students.

The thesis begins with the planning of the topic, the creation of the topic proposal and the mastery of the implementation method. It progresses through the planning and implementation phase to the finishing phase, where the thesis is published, assessment and archived.

An essential part of the thesis process is seminars – a planning seminar, an interim seminar and a final seminar. Seminar practices vary between the degree programmes. The degree programmes’ own thesis instructions can be found in moodle (learn.hamk.fi).

The thesis process may also include the creation of other documents, such as a research permit decision and a data protection notice, for which HAMK records management plan (arkistonmuodostussuunnitelma or AMS, in short) defines the storage period, storage location and a party responsible for storage. The student must check their obligations regarding the storage of documents in the checklist.

Before starting the thesis you should familiarize yourself with the ethical principles of the thesis, publicity, data management, accessibility and sustainable development. You should also familiarize yourself with the entire thesis process and the related instructions, and complete the Thesis Expert badge. More information about the Thesis Expert badge can be found on the Thesis planning page.

The implementation methods and structure of a thesis produced at a university of applied sciences may vary depending on the professional field and the assignment.

A thesis can be either research-focused, practice-based, a portfolio or an article thesis. The thesis supervisor may also end up recommending other structural models.

Regardless of the implementation method, all theses should comprise a report with an introduction, sections describing the knowledge base, implementation and results of the thesis, as well as conclusions and reflection on the results of the thesis. Here, the knowledge base refers to the theoretical background and previous research information related to the matter. Different sections of the thesis are put together in different ways, depending on the chosen model.

A thesis is a part of a higher education degree that must be available for open assessment. Accepted theses become public immediately. This aspect cannot be changed by any agreement. Publicity guarantees the objective and fair assessment of theses.

For a more detailed description of the publicity of theses and copyright issues, see the  Before starting the thesis page.

Research-focused thesis

The starting point of a research-focused thesis is a clearly formulated workplace-oriented research problem, to which an answer is sought using appropriate materials and common research methodology. A research-focused thesis typically uses empirical research design and materials to find an answer to a research problem, for example by organising a test or by conducting a survey or an interview study.

A research-focused thesis relies on basic structures (see the guideline for structures) that are commonly used in quantitative and qualitative scientific research. While the concepts of “research problem” and “research hypothesis” are generally used in quantitative studies (experiments, surveys), the concept of “research question” is more common in qualitative studies (surveys, interviews).

A research-focused thesis

  • is usually based on development needs observed in the workplace
  • includes specific objectives and research problems/questions and appropriate scientific research methods
  • is realised as a study that includes the perspective of practical applications (applied research)
  • is based on research and knowledge base previously published in the professional field and on the research topic
  • contains compiled knowledge and observation material, i.e. material that helps solve, understand and explain the objectives and research problems/questions
  • includes an analysis of the material
  • can be carried out as an independent study or as part of a larger research or development project, for example in HAMK’s Research Units
  • emphasizes systematic approach and mastering a research-based approach to work.

Guideline for the structure of a research-focused thesis

In Introduction , the author justifies the topic selection and its relevance. They present the key idea of the thesis and describe its links to the workplace. Furthermore, they explain the background and starting points for approaching the topic and key concepts used in the thesis. At the end of the introduction, the goal of the thesis and the research problem are described.

In Knowledge base of the research , the author describes the thesis in terms of the knowledge base and background information. They describe how the research is linked to the previously published knowledge base and how the knowledge base will be utilised in the thesis.

In Materials and methods , the author describes the practices, methods and techniques by which they intend to answer the research problems or questions. They describe the material collection and analysis methods and present a practical implementation plan for the study.

Presentation of the results  is the most essential part of the report. The results lead to the outcomes of the present study, i.e. answers to the research problem and questions. The results may be structured in many ways, for example by research question. The presentation of the results must be a material-based, logical and systematic whole.

In Examination of the results , reflection and conclusions, the author summarises the key results, compares them to the results of prior studies and critically analyses the factors that influenced the results. The reflection also includes a self-assessment related to reliability and problem-solving and discusses the significance of the thesis process for the student’s professional development. The conclusions show how the thesis has changed or increased knowledge in the area being researched or developed and how its outcomes may be utilised in practice.

Assessment of a research-focused thesis

The assessment criteria for a research-focused thesis and their more detailed description are presented below. All items are assessed on a scale of 1–5.

  • The thesis has a clear goal and purpose.
  • The selected questions support goal achievement.
  • The research problem is presented clearly.
  • The selected assignment is topical and innovative and brings benefits for the workplace.

Knowledge base

  • Key concepts in terms of the topic have been selected for the thesis. They have been defined aptly and used fluently.
  • The selected knowledge base supports the thesis assignment.
  • The knowledge base consists of diverse sources that demonstrate strong knowledge of the topic, the operating environment and traditions.
  • The thesis demonstrates in-depth source criticism. The reliability of the sources has been evaluated analytically and expertly.

Topic definition and research questions

  • The assignment is feasible, and justifications are given for the topic delimitation.
  • Research questions are described in an understandable, sufficiently accurate and unambiguous manner.
  • The assignments described in the research questions are challenging enough for a thesis.
  • The student has shown initiative in defining and describing the objectives and the research problem.

Aineiston hankinta ja menetelmät

  • The thesis presents the methods and procedures for collecting material.
  • The thesis describes the methods used in the analysis of the material.
  • The methods have been selected in a way that they can answer the research problem(s).
  • The selection of methods is justified.

Implementation process

  • The thesis process has been completed independently and logically and guidance has been utilised appropriately.
  • The implementation method of the thesis is fitting for the topic.
  • The thesis follows a schedule independently prepared and described by the author.
  • The author has demonstrated good project management skills during the thesis process.

Results and conclusions

  • The results have been clearly described and structured in a manner that suits the research problem and questions.
  • The results give an answer to the presented research problems/questions.
  • The material has been analysed thoroughly and adapted to the methods used.
  • The results have been reflected upon and linked to the theoretical section.
  • The reliability of the results (reliability, validity) has been evaluated thoroughly and expertly.
  • All research questions have been concisely answered in the conclusions.

Reflection and development proposals

  • The thesis demonstrates the development of the student’s expertise.
  • Development proposals have been presented in the thesis and they are based on the results of the thesis.
  • The results benefit the commissioning party and/or help to develop practices and working methods on the professional field.
  • The thesis seminars were logical, clear, professional and analytical.

Ethics, sustainability and responsibility

  • The thesis follows responsible conduct of research and the ethical guidelines of the professional field.
  • The author has demonstrated commitment and responsibility during the thesis process.
  • The thesis has analysed sustainable development and responsibility from the viewpoint of the thesis topic.
  • The structure of the report is consistent and clear.
  • The report is written in a fluent and factual style, and it is free from errors.
  • Sources have been used/utilised in a versatile and critical manner.
  • Sources, including image sources, are referenced according to the instructions.
  • The layout is finished and compliant with the instructions.
  • The seminar presentation of the thesis is in-depth and illustrative.

Practice-based thesis

A practice-based thesis is a workplace development assignment that aims to develop, guide, organise and improve the efficiency of practical activities. The work develops, implements and evaluates new products, services, operating methods or work practices. The work requires the formulation of a research problem/question related to the matter at hand as well as the utilisation of an appropriate research method.

A practice-based thesis

  • emphasises a research-driven and development-oriented approach to work
  • includes both a theoretical and practical section
  • includes research problems/questions and a knowledge base
  • includes the results of the practical section and their examination in relation to the knowledge base of the vocational field
  • produces a concrete product/output or project implementation process as a practical section (e.g. guide, electronic material, planning an exhibition or event, development plan).

Guideline for the structure of a practice-based thesis

In Introduction , the author describes their interest in and starting points for approaching the topic and the links to the workplace. They present the background of a product or a process, justify the need for said product or process and also present the research problem or question.

In Knowledge base of a development assignment , the author presents the existing knowledge on the topic and similar products, outputs or processes that have been created before. The thesis has an evidence-based foundation that draws on studies, reviews and recommendations.

In Purpose and objectives of the development work , the author describes what the thesis aims for and why, how and where the results will be utilised. They also describe the links between the knowledge base and the goal and justify the choice of methods.

In Planning and realisation of a product , output or a project, the author describes the planning and implementation systematically. They can use images, figures and videos in addition to writing.

The Conclusions and reflection section  includes an evaluation, conclusions, further plans and a deployment plan. The author of a practice-based thesis reflects upon and evaluates both the outcomes and their thesis process. They also describe the feedback received from the client, target group or experts on the produced output or process.

Assessment of a practice-based thesis

The assessment criteria for a practice-oriented thesis and their more detailed description are presented below. All items are assessed on a scale of 1–5.

  • The thesis has a clear purpose and objective. The selected questions support goal achievement.

Thesis plan and methods

  • The method has been consciously and justifiably chosen.
  • The thesis process has been implemented independently, and it has progressed in a goal-oriented manner using the guidance provided by the supervisor and the commissioning party.
  • The end result corresponds to the set objective, and the scope of the analysis has been defined.
  • The reliability of the results has been evaluated thoroughly and expertly.
  • The conclusions connect the knowledge base, the output and the author’s personal reflection.
  • The results benefit the commissioning party and can be applied in the development of the practices or working methods of the professional field.
  • The titles of the images and tables in the report explain their contents clearly and unambiguously.

Portfolio thesis

In a portfolio thesis, the student methodically collects projects and other assignments completed in different stages of their studies into an entity. The work requires the formulation of a research problem/question related to the matter at hand as well as the utilization of an appropriate research method.

Characteristics of a portfolio thesis include:

  • Research problems/questions are defined and created for the work and the appropriate research methods are selected.
  • The thesis process can begin immediately after gaining the information and skills necessary for creating the work.
  • The work enables the student to process and examine a selected theme from different perspectives in a number of projects.
  • The work consists of outputs produced in different stages of the author’s studies that form a cohesive entity (the outputs do not need to be in written form, but it must be possible to document them using images and video, for example).
  • The work includes a written report that compiles the different parts of the thesis.
  • The work emphasises a research-driven and development-oriented work approach, interest in the selected topic, goal-orientation and methodical approach, understanding of complex entities as well as the ability to commit long-term projects.

Guideline for the structure of a portfolio thesis

In Introduction , the author describes the background of the selected theme and justifies the need for it. They can also describe their interest in and starting points for approaching the theme. The research problem/questions are also presented in the introduction.

In Knowledge base of the selected theme , the author presents the knowledge base that binds the selected theme and the outputs together by exploring existing knowledge about the theme and by utilising studies, reviews and recommendations.

In Presentation of portfolio products , the author describes the products, the selection, planning and implementation processes related to each product as well the usability of the products. They also describe the research and development methods used and the links of the products with the knowledge base and the workplace.

In Conclusions on the products and reflection , the author reflects upon and critically assesses the portfolio thesis as a whole, the learning trajectory and any further plans. They also describe the feedback received from the commissioning party and critically examine their learning.

Assessment of a portfolio thesis

The assessment criteria for a portfolio thesis and their more detailed description are presented below. All items are assessed on a scale of 1–5.

  • The thesis has a clear goal and purpose. The selected questions support goal achievement.

Expertise on the knowledge base

Practical implementation and methods

  • The thesis process has been completed independently and guidance has been utilised appropriately.
  • The selected method has been justified.

Applying theory to practice

  • The theory of competence areas supports the implementation of practical applications.
  • The student analyses the applicability of theory and practice in different competence areas.
  • The portfolio shows a clear improvement in professional competence.

Improving one’s own competence, ethics and reliability

  • The thesis follows good scientific and professional practice and the ethical guidelines of the field.
  • The author clearly assesses their competence and possibilities to self-improvement.
  • The structure of the report is considered and controlled.

Article thesis

A thesis can be implemented in an article format, especially when the topic is particularly relevant or interesting to the general public/professional field and the results of the thesis have novelty value. An article thesis centres around article(s) written by the student. It is important for the thesis supervisor to be familiar with different publication channels and their practices. Before starting an article thesis, the supervisor must contact HAMK’s publishing services at [email protected] .

An article thesis

  • is based on a research-oriented approach
  • A Bachelor’s thesis includes, for example, two (2) HAMK Unlimited Professional articles or one (1) HAMK Unlimited Journal article, in which the student is the first author.
  • A Master’s thesis includes, for example, one (1) HAMK Unlimited Journal article and 1–2 professional articles, preferably directed at external channels, in at least one of which the student is the first author.
  • The supervisor and HAMK’s publishing services ensure the article’s eligibility for publication.
  • The student’s graduation does not depend on whether the article is published or not.
  • An article written for a Master’s thesis must demonstrate the student’s extensive knowledge of the topic and strong know-how on the topic of the article.

Points to note in an article thesis

It should be noted that the results of all articles must be previously unpublished. If the thesis contains several different articles, they must form a cohesive entity. The publication channels are selected together with the supervisor according to the objectives and character of the thesis. The article can be written together with the supervising teacher or other expert, but the authorship must be agreed upon (see TENK’s guide on Agreeing on authorship). The student must be the first author in at least one article. The acceptable publication languages of the article are Finnish, Swedish and English, but the article and the thesis report do not need to be written in the same language.

Guideline for the structure of an article thesis

In Introduction , the author describes the background of the selected theme and justifies the need for it. They can also describe their interest in the theme and the starting point for approaching it.

In Purpose and objectives of the thesis , the author presents the selected theme and the knowledge base of the thesis, justifies the selection of the article thesis implementation method and describes the goals of the thesis.

In Article process description , the author describes the articles, the selection, planning and implementation processes related to each article and the usability of the articles. They also describe the research and development methods used and the materials. Furthermore, they present and justify the selected publication channels.

In Conclusions on the products and reflection , the author reflects upon and critically assesses the article thesis as a whole and any further plans. The reflection also includes critical examination of personal learning.

In Appendices , the author includes the thesis articles and possible materials.

An article thesis centres around the articles written by the student. Therefore, the recommended length of the report is 15–20 pages (without publications and appendices).

Publicity and archiving of an article thesis at HAMK

All theses are public. If the objective is to have the article(s) published, only the thesis report is stored in Theseus without the articles. In such case, the articles should NOT be uploaded to Theseus, as this would make Theseus the first place of publication, and journals may no longer publish the article(s). If the article(s) have already been published, permission for re-publishing them must be requested from the publisher and, at the same time, it must be agreed upon which version of the article may be published (publisher’s version, final draft, etc.). This is particularly important if the thesis is to be published in Theseus, where the thesis is openly accessible to anyone. It is also important to request permits and clarify which version of the article can be published in professional journals, as e.g. images in the article may be copyrighted.

Assessment of an article thesis

The assessment criteria for an article thesis and their more detailed description are presented below. All items are assessed on a scale of 1–5.

  • The thesis has a clear purpose and objective. The selected processing method supports the achievement of the target.
  • The scope and perspective of the article(s) demonstrate a solid understanding and familiarity with both the topic and the selected publication channel.
  • Relevant and justified sources have been selected for the articles. The report section provides background for the selection of sources and assesses their reliability analytically and expertly.
  • The selected method is conscious and has been justified.
  • The thesis process has been completed independently and logically, and guidance has been utilised appropriately.
  • The implementation method of the thesis is fitting for the topic. The research framework of the thesis is appropriate and relevant.
  • The selected publishing channel is conscious and has been justified.

Results, products and conclusions

  • The reliability of the results has been evaluated comprehensively and critically.
  • The articles have been combined into a meaningful entity in the conclusions. The knowledge base, results and personal reflection support each other.
  • The article(s) share information related to research and development for the use of the professional community. The results of the article(s) are relevant and useful for the professional community.
  • The structure of the report’s contents is clear and logical.
  • The report forms a coherent whole also without the articles.
  • Sources have been cited in compliance with the instructions.

Thesis assessment

Bachelor’s and Master’s theses are assessed using the key assessment criteria. A Master’s thesis is broader and more in-depth and analytical in its approach than a Bachelor’s thesis, which is also taken into account in the assessment. Acceptable theses are assessed on a scale of 1 to 5. The assessment criteria vary between the different thesis implementation methods, but all assessment criteria follow a uniform assessment scale.

  • Excellent 5: achieved to an excellent standard
  • Good 4: achieved well
  • Good 3: achieved mostly well
  • Satisfactory 2: achieved with some shortcomings
  • Satisfactory 1: achieved with shortcomings
  • Fail: the thesis has not achieved the satisfactory 1 level.

A student who is dissatisfied with the assessment of their thesis may address a request for rectification to the Examination Board. For more detailed instructions, see the  Degree Regulatio ns .

The Häme Foundation for Professional Higher Education and Research annually awards HAMK grants for HAMK thesis of high quality. Each degree programme may nominate a thesis for the award. The degree programme must request permission from the author(s) of the thesis for the nomination. The awarded theses are published on HAMK’s public website.

Thesis feedback

A precondition for the development of the thesis process is constant collection of feedback. The thesis process and the related guidance are developed based on feedback from students and the commissioning organisations. Student feedback is collected using a feedback survey. When the student’s thesis is complete and evaluated, the system automatically sends the student an email with a link to the feedback survey.

Theses started before 1 January 2023

If you have started the thesis process when the previous instructions were valid (before January 1, 2023), you can still use the instructions on this website. There have been no actual substantive changes to the instructions. Some instructions have been clarified and the accessibility of the appendices has been improved. The previous  thesis guide (January 1, 2020)  is available as a pdf file.

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HAMK - Häme University of Applied Sciences

Digipedagogical guidelines

Instructions for Using HAMK Thesis Template

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Article sections

This page contains a collection of Word instructions produced by Microsoft to help you use the document template for HAMK’s thesis. The Microsoft Web site provides instructions on the same issues for versions of Windows and iOS operating systems.

HAMK Thesis template, Final Thesis page

Styles and Table of Contents

  • Apply styles
  • Insert a table of contents
  • Update a table of contents

Sections and Different Headers

  • Insert, delete, or change a section break
  • Different page numbers to different sections
  • Add page numbers
  • Remove page numbers
  • Start page numbering later in your document

Better Usability

  • Add alternative text to a picture, chart, or other object
  • Improve accessibility
  • Check document properties

Finishing Your Document

  • If you have extra pages in your document  

References, Citations and Sources

  • Add, format, and delete captions
  • Create a cross-reference
  • Create a bibliography, citations and referenc es

Combining PDF files

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Häme University of Applied Sciences (HAMK) / PO Box 230 13101 Hämeenlinna Finland 03 6461 [email protected]

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What’s Included: The Dissertation Template

If you’re preparing to write your dissertation, thesis or research project, our free dissertation template is the perfect starting point. In the template, we cover every section step by step, with clear, straightforward explanations and examples .

The template’s structure is based on the tried and trusted best-practice format for formal academic research projects such as dissertations and theses. The template structure reflects the overall research process, ensuring your dissertation or thesis will have a smooth, logical flow from chapter to chapter.

The dissertation template covers the following core sections:

  • The title page/cover page
  • Abstract (sometimes also called the executive summary)
  • Table of contents
  • List of figures /list of tables
  • Chapter 1: Introduction  (also available: in-depth introduction template )
  • Chapter 2: Literature review  (also available: in-depth LR template )
  • Chapter 3: Methodology (also available: in-depth methodology template )
  • Chapter 4: Research findings /results (also available: results template )
  • Chapter 5: Discussion /analysis of findings (also available: discussion template )
  • Chapter 6: Conclusion (also available: in-depth conclusion template )
  • Reference list

Each section is explained in plain, straightforward language , followed by an overview of the key elements that you need to cover within each section. We’ve also included practical examples to help you understand exactly what’s required in each section.

The cleanly-formatted Google Doc can be downloaded as a fully editable MS Word Document (DOCX format), so you can use it as-is or convert it to LaTeX.

FAQs: Dissertation Template

What format is the template (doc, pdf, ppt, etc.).

The dissertation template is provided as a Google Doc. You can download it in MS Word format or make a copy to your Google Drive. You’re also welcome to convert it to whatever format works best for you, such as LaTeX or PDF.

What types of dissertations/theses can this template be used for?

The template follows the standard best-practice structure for formal academic research projects such as dissertations or theses, so it is suitable for the vast majority of degrees, particularly those within the sciences.

Some universities may have some additional requirements, but these are typically minor, with the core structure remaining the same. Therefore, it’s always a good idea to double-check your university’s requirements before you finalise your structure.

Will this work for a research paper?

A research paper follows a similar format, but there are a few differences. You can find our research paper template here .

Is this template for an undergrad, Masters or PhD-level thesis?

This template can be used for a dissertation, thesis or research project at any level of study. It may be slight overkill for an undergraduate-level study, but it certainly won’t be missing anything.

How long should my dissertation/thesis be?

This depends entirely on your university’s specific requirements, so it’s best to check with them. As a general ballpark, Masters-level projects are usually 15,000 – 20,000 words in length, while Doctoral-level projects are often in excess of 60,000 words.

What about the research proposal?

If you’re still working on your research proposal, we’ve got a template for that here .

We’ve also got loads of proposal-related guides and videos over on the Grad Coach blog .

How do I write a literature review?

We have a wealth of free resources on the Grad Coach Blog that unpack how to write a literature review from scratch. You can check out the literature review section of the blog here.

How do I create a research methodology?

We have a wealth of free resources on the Grad Coach Blog that unpack research methodology, both qualitative and quantitative. You can check out the methodology section of the blog here.

Can I share this dissertation template with my friends/colleagues?

Yes, you’re welcome to share this template. If you want to post about it on your blog or social media, all we ask is that you reference this page as your source.

Can Grad Coach help me with my dissertation/thesis?

Within the template, you’ll find plain-language explanations of each section, which should give you a fair amount of guidance. However, you’re also welcome to consider our dissertation and thesis coaching services .

Free Webinar: Literature Review 101

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Project Reporting Instructions

During their studies at Jamk University of Applied Sciences, students carry out various written projects, the largest of which is the final year project/bachelor’s or master’s thesis. The objective of written projects is to encourage students to collect, analyse and work up the latest information concerning their field. In addition to increasing the knowledge base of the central topics of each field, writing also serves to increase the communication skills students need in working life.

These instructions apply to the bachelor’s and master’s theses of Jamk University of Applied Sciences, but are also applicable to the preparation of all written assignments throughout students’ course of study. The instructions can be used for the reporting of different projects, for example empirical work, development and art projects. They are also applicable to written works made in other Finnish institutions or in connection with international projects. The first version of Project Reporting Instructions appeared in 1995. The instructions were revised in 2001, and have been updated regularly ever since. During the 2013–14 academic year the instructions were made part of Jamk University of Applied Sciences’ open learning materials.

Thesis templates are available in the Reporting Template section of this guide.

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  • 2023 Doctoral Dissertation

Recent Georgia Tech Grad Earns ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award for Creating Devices That Look Like Stickers and Can Harvest Energy From the Environment

Nivedita arora’s work looks to the future of sustainable computing.

New York, NY, June 17, 2024 – ACM, the Association for Computing Machinery, today announced that Nivedita Arora , of Northwestern University is the recipient of the ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award for her dissertation “ Sustainable Interactive Wireless Stickers: From Materials to Devices to Applications ,” which demonstrated wireless and batteryless sensor nodes using novel materials and radio backscatter.  

Arora’s research envisions creating sustainable computational materials that operate by harvesting energy from the environment and, at the end of their life cycle, can be responsibly composted or recycled. Her research process involves working at the intersection of materials, methods of fabrication, low-power systems, and HCI . She actively looks to apply her work to application domains such as smart homes, health, climate change, and wildlife monitoring.

Arora’s dissertation makes truly groundbreaking contributions to the fields of Ubiquitous Computing and Human-Computer Interaction. Today’s Internet of Things (IoT) devices are bulky, require battery maintenance, and involve costly installation. In contrast, Arora shows how the computational capabilities of sensing, communication, and display can be diffused into materials and everyday objects. She builds interactive stickers that are inexpensive, and easy to deploy and sustainably operate by harvesting energy from body heat or indoor light. She demonstrates this idea over a series of projects. Her first effort,  SATURN , is a thin, flexible multi-layer material that is a self-sustaining audio sensor. Specifically, it uses the vibration itself to power the ability to capture and encode the vibration sensor. SATURN was extended to ZEUSSS  to use passive RF backscatter for wireless transmission on the vibration signal. She followed this up with the MARS platform that produces an extremely low-power (less than a microwatt) resonance circuit that varies its frequency based on user interaction with interfaces that create inductive or capacitive loads on the circuit. Coupling this circuit with FM passive backscatter and ambient power harvesting allows user interfaces such as touch-sensitive buttons, sliders, and vibration sensors to communicate at a distance. The result of these three projects is a flat user interface in a post-it note form factor that can be deployed in the environment simply by sticking it to a flat surface. The flat user interface and mobile design allows for applications such as light switches or audio volume sliders that can simply be pasted where they are needed without worrying about wiring the infrastructure or maintaining batteries.

The final project, VENUS , adds output in the form of low-power display technologies to provide immediate feedback on the surface of the computational material, opening a wide variety of user-facing interaction scenarios. Her work also showed that it is possible to power these circuits through the transfer of body heat when a user touches the button, which can also be used to protect privacy.

Arora  is an Assistant Professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering and (by courtesy) Computer Science Department, as well as the Allen K. and Johnnie Cordell Breed Jr. Professor of Design at Northwestern University. Her research involves rethinking the computing stack from a sustainability-first approach for its entire life-cycle: manufacturing, operation, and disposal. Arora received a PhD in Computer Science and an MS In Human-Computer Interaction from the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Honorable Mentions

Honorable Mentions for the ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award go to   Gabriele Farina of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and William Kuszmaul  of Harvard University   .

Farina’s   dissertation, “ Game-Theoretic Decision Making in Imperfect-Information Games ” was recognized for laying modern learning foundations for decision-making in imperfect-information sequential games, resolving long-standing questions, and demonstrating state-of-the-art theoretical and practical performance.

Farina is an Assistant Professor in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department (EECS) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research interests include artificial intelligence, machine learning, optimization, and game theory. He received a PhD in Computer Science from Carnegie Mellon University.

Kuszmaul’s dissertation, “ Randomized Data Structures: New Perspectives and Hidden Surprises ,” is recognized for contributions to the field of randomized data structures that overturn conventional wisdom and widely believed conjecture.

Kuszmaul’s research focuses on algorithms, data structures, and probability. He received a PhD in Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is presently doing Post Doctoral work at Harvard University. In August, he will be starting as an assistant professor in the Computer Science Department at Carnegie Mellon University.

About the ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award

Presented annually to the author(s) of the best doctoral dissertation(s) in computer science and engineering. The Doctoral Dissertation Award is accompanied by a prize of $20,000, and the Honorable Mention Award is accompanied by a prize totaling $10,000. Winning dissertations will be published in the ACM Digital Library as part of the ACM Books Series.

ACM, the Association for Computing Machinery , is the world's largest educational and scientific computing society, uniting educators, researchers, and professionals to inspire dialogue, share resources, and address the field's challenges. ACM strengthens the computing profession's collective voice through strong leadership, promotion of the highest standards, and recognition of technical excellence. ACM supports the professional growth of its members by providing opportunities for life-long learning, career development, and professional networking.

Contact: Jim Ormond 212-626-0505 [email protected]

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COMMENTS

  1. Guide for Thesis Writing: English Thesis Templates

    KAMK's guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence: English Thesis Templates; Thesis plan template; Ethical recommendations; Uploading your thesis to Theseus; Ouriginal (Formerly Urkund) English Thesis Templates. Here are the Microsoft Word English thesis templates that should be used when writing a thesis. The templates contain the ...

  2. Guide for Thesis Writing: Home

    In addition, the task evaluates the references used in the plan. You can return the thesis plan here for evaluation to address: kirjastonopetus(at)kamk.fi. In the workshop you can get guidance on databases you can utilize and other tips for information seeking. Also the Mendeley reference management program will be introduced.

  3. Thesis plan template

    KAMK's guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence: English Thesis Templates; Thesis plan template; Ethical recommendations; Uploading your thesis to Theseus; Ouriginal (Formerly Urkund) Thesis plan. Thesis plan. Thesis plan << Edellinen: English Thesis Templates; Seuraava: Ethical recommendations >>

  4. DOCX kamk.fi

    You can choose between two different thesis templates. One template only includes the cover sheet and the required styles and settings. This template also includes the structure of the text and technical instructions. ... The link to Mendeley can be found from the list of e-materials on the home page of KAMK library. Figure 15. Mendeley Guide ...

  5. Open Repository Theseus

    Open Repository Theseus - the theses and publications of the Universities of Applied Sciences on the Internet. Theseus gives you online access to theses and publications from Finnish universities of applied sciences. You can read entire theses and publications and utilise them in your own research and development work - or just to get acquainted with theses written by graduates of the ...

  6. Opinnäytetyön tekijän opas: English Thesis Templates

    Kirjaston etusivu / Library Frontpage: Opinnäytetyön tekijän opas: English Thesis Templates

  7. Guide for Thesis Writing: Uploading your thesis to Theseus

    KAMK's guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence: English Thesis Templates; Thesis plan template; Ethical recommendations; Uploading your thesis to Theseus; Ouriginal (Formerly Urkund) Theseus . Open Repository Theseus - the theses and publications of the Universities of Applied Sciences on the Internet.

  8. Guide for Thesis Writing: APA7 Style Guide: Citing and ...

    KAMK's guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence: English Thesis Templates; Thesis plan template; Ethical recommendations; Uploading your thesis to Theseus; Ouriginal (Formerly Urkund) About APA7. Here at KAMK we use American Psychology Association's citing style APA7.

  9. Welcome to complete your thesis!

    Welcome to complete your thesis! This website contains both basic information about the thesis and more detailed instructions on how to carry out the actual thesis project. In section 4 you will find the steps related to the progress of the thesis. Proceed in numerical order (4.1, 4.2 …). The final stages of the thesis are described in ...

  10. Guide for Thesis Writing: Visual resources referencing guide

    KAMK's guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence: English Thesis Templates; Thesis plan template; Ethical recommendations; Uploading your thesis to Theseus; Ouriginal (Formerly Urkund) About the guide. This guide is based on ImagOA - Open Science and Use of Images guide found on https://libguides.aalto.fi/imagoa.

  11. Instructions for written assignments and theses

    The thesis template guides you in the process of writing the written report for your thesis. The template can be used directly as the basis of a thesis. You should save it immediately with the name surname_firstname required by Theseus. The template has been updated in October 2022: the font is Arial, page numbering continues throughout the ...

  12. Master's Degree in International Business Management, part-time

    Degree Title. Master of Business Administration. Further information. Admissions Services tel. +358 40 654 8475, [email protected]. Studying. Part-Time Studies (online) Applying. Joint application period 3 - 17 January 2024 for studies starting in autumn 2024. Separate application 2 - 9 April 2024 for studies starting in autumn 2024.

  13. Thesis Related Information Seeking Guidance

    Thesis Related Information Seeking Guidance Scheduling: When work on the thesis commences and the topic is known. Place: Library`s Computer Classroom TI1L148, 1st floor, Tieto1-building Time: Please contact us by sending an email and suggest a time suitable for you. To sign up for information retrieval lesson please contact us in advance: asiasanaa(at)kamk.fi

  14. Thesis :: Oulun ammattikorkeakoulu :: Opinto-opas

    Article-based reporting is a suitable option for theses dealing with particularly relevant or future-oriented topics that are of interest to the great public. Demonstrating your competence in an article can provide valuable visibility that may help with further studies, for example. The thesis can comprise one or several professional or scientific articles introducing the results of your ...

  15. Thesis

    Instructions, thesis templates, and master's level evaluation criteria were updated on August 1, 2023, so it is advisable to read them carefully. The instructions, for example, provide more information about the reform related to the phasing of credits, meaning from August 1, 2023, onwards you will receive a 'passed' performance mark in ...

  16. Thesis planning and implementation

    Thesis plan­ning and im­ple­ment­a­tion. The thesis process begins with a discussion on the topic and negotiations between the commissioning party and the student. The student prepares a topic proposal on Wihi, which is either approved by the thesis coordinator of the degree programme or the student is asked to supplement the proposal. A ...

  17. Thesis

    Thesis quick links. The scope of a Bachelor's thesis is 15 credits, while the scope of a Master's thesis is 30 credits. A Master's thesis is broader and more in-depth and analytical in its approach than a Bachelor's thesis. The Bachelor's thesis is designed to act as a bridge between studies and the world of work, to facilitate the ...

  18. Instructions for Using HAMK Thesis Template

    This page contains a collection of Word instructions produced by Microsoft to help you use the document template for HAMK's thesis. The Microsoft Web site provides instructions on the same issues for versions of Windows and iOS operating systems. HAMK Thesis template, Final Thesis page Styles and Table of Contents Apply styles Insert a table.

  19. Free Dissertation & Thesis Template (Word Doc & PDF)

    The cleanly-formatted Google Doc can be downloaded as a fully editable MS Word Document (DOCX format), so you can use it as-is or convert it to LaTeX. Download The Dissertation Template. Download Grad Coach's comprehensive dissertation and thesis template for free. Fully editable - includes detailed instructions and examples.

  20. Reporting Templates

    Reporting Templates Thesis Reporting Template. Important: All thesis reporting templates can be accessed directly from Jamk's Microsoft Word application (New > Jamk > Opiskelijat - Students).. Templates are available for download to your own computer from the Jamk Office Templates site.. The name of the degree programme to be entered on the Description page can be found in Peppi from the ...

  21. Kamk Thesis Template

    Kamk Thesis Template, Argument Topics Easy Argumentative Essay Topics, Go Ask Alice Literary Analysis, Grade Seven Essay Example, Cheap Paper Proofreading Service Au, Thesis Statement About Attitude, Esl School College Essay Sample Level: College, University, High School, Master's, PHD, Undergraduate

  22. Document Templates

    These template files are meant to help guide students in creating an electronic thesis or dissertation (ETD) that meets Texas A&M University requirements as set forth in the Guidelines for Theses, Dissertations, and Records of Study.They are a companion piece to be used together with the Guidelines.Using a template file does not negate responsibility to follow all guidelines.

  23. 1. Objective of These Project Reporting Instructions

    The objective of written projects is to encourage students to collect, analyse and work up the latest information concerning their field. In addition to increasing the knowledge base of the central topics of each field, writing also serves to increase the communication skills students need in working life. These instructions apply to the ...

  24. Recent Georgia Tech Grad Earns ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award

    Arora's dissertation, "Sustainable Interactive Wireless Stickers: From Materials to Devices to Applications," demonstrated wireless and batteryless sensor nodes using novel materials and radio backscatter. Arora's research envisions creating sustainable computational materials that operate by harvesting energy from the environment and, at the end of their life cycle, can be responsibly ...

  25. Recent Georgia Tech Grad Earns ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award for

    Arora's dissertation, "Sustainable Interactive Wireless Stickers: From Materials to Devices to Applications," demonstrated wireless and batteryless sensor nodes using novel materials and radio backscatter. Arora's research envisions creating sustainable computational materials that operate by harvesting energy from the environment and, at the end of their life cycle, can be responsibly ...