Market Business News

What is fact-finding? Definition and examples

Fact-finding refers to the gathering of information . It is often part of an initial mission, i.e., preliminary research, to gather facts for a subsequent full investigation or hearing. A fact-finding tour for example, has the purpose of ascertaining facts . You may want to check the facts about, for instance, France, before deciding to break into the French market.

In this context, ‘market’ refers to the business environment where people buy and sell things .

In an inquiry or investigation, fact-finding is the discovery stage. During this stage, people gather information by using questionnaires and other survey tools. They then assemble all the data in a report and give it, perhaps with recommendations, to the investigator.

A government or parliamentary committee may go on a fact-finding mission to discover and establish the facts of an issue.

An advancing army will send out scouts to check out the terrain ahead. They will look out for enemy soldiers, hostile terrain, opportunities, strategic advantages, etc. The scouts go out on a fact-finding mission before the troops move forward.


A fact-finding mission, according to Collins Dictionary : “is one whose purpose is to get information about a particular situation, especially for an official group.”

Fact-finding rules

According to Queens University IRC in Canada, there are six golden rules in fact-finding.

Go to the source

The source may be a record or an individual. Even if the source is not readily accessible, you must strive to get the best evidence you can.

Remain objective

Do not let people sway you. It is important to focus just on the facts, rather than people’s personalities or opinions.


Do not be put off if you are not getting the information you require. Try to find out the root of the cause.

Do not become paralyzed

It is important to separate necessary from unnecessary facts. Make sure you go where the facts take you. However, do not go beyond your mandate.

Do not make assumptions

Confirm all the facts you gather again and again. If the information you have gathered is not accurate, the whole mission is pointless.

Devise a plan and follow it

When you develop a plan, think strategically. Before you begin, determine whom you need to talk to and what you need to establish. Regularly review your plan to confirm that it is effective.

According to Queens University IRC:

“When planned and executed properly, fact-finding provides a solid foundation for conducting analyses, forming conclusions, generating options and formulating sound recommendations.”

“Fact-finding may involve researching documents or existing records and data, holding focus groups, interviewing witnesses, or using written surveys and questionnaires.”

Share this:

  • Renewable Energy
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • 3D Printing
  • Financial Glossary
  • To save this word, you'll need to log in. Log In


Legal Definition of factfinding

Note: At the trial level, factfinding is done by the jury, or by the judge in a non-jury trial. At agency proceedings, factfinding is done by an officer or by a commission, council, or other body.

Dictionary Entries Near factfinding

Cite this entry.

“Factfinding.” Legal Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, Accessed 5 Jan. 2024.

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

Play Quordle: Guess all four words in a limited number of tries.  Each of your guesses must be a real 5-letter word.

Can you solve 4 words at once?

Word of the day.

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Popular in Grammar & Usage

8 grammar terms you used to know, but forgot, homophones, homographs, and homonyms, commonly misspelled words, a guide to em dashes, en dashes, and hyphens, absent letters that are heard anyway, popular in wordplay, 10 words for lesser-known games and sports, your favorite band is in the dictionary, etymologies for every day of the week, 7 common idioms that come from chickens, words for lazy people and laziness, games & quizzes.

Play Blossom: Solve today's spelling word game by finding as many words as you can using just 7 letters. Longer words score more points.

Cambridge Dictionary

  • Cambridge Dictionary +Plus

Meaning of fact-finding in English

Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio

  • adjudication
  • analytically
  • interpretable
  • interpretive
  • interpretively
  • investigate
  • investigation
  • reinvestigate
  • reinvestigation
  • risk assessment
  • run over/through something

Examples of fact-finding

Translations of fact-finding.

Get a quick, free translation!


Word of the Day

at your mother's knee

If you learned something at your mother's knee, you learned it when you were a child.

Juddering, quivering and wobbling: more verbs to describe movement

Juddering, quivering and wobbling: more verbs to describe movement

fact finding in research meaning

Learn more with +Plus

  • Recent and Recommended {{#preferredDictionaries}} {{name}} {{/preferredDictionaries}}
  • Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English English Learner’s Dictionary Essential British English Essential American English
  • Grammar and thesaurus Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English Grammar Thesaurus
  • Pronunciation British and American pronunciations with audio English Pronunciation
  • English–Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Simplified)–English
  • English–Chinese (Traditional) Chinese (Traditional)–English
  • English–Dutch Dutch–English
  • English–French French–English
  • English–German German–English
  • English–Indonesian Indonesian–English
  • English–Italian Italian–English
  • English–Japanese Japanese–English
  • English–Norwegian Norwegian–English
  • English–Polish Polish–English
  • English–Portuguese Portuguese–English
  • English–Spanish Spanish–English
  • English–Swedish Swedish–English
  • Dictionary +Plus Word Lists
  • English    Adjective
  • Translations
  • All translations

Add fact-finding to one of your lists below, or create a new one.


Something went wrong.

There was a problem sending your report.


  1. Joint Fact Finding: Key Steps in the Process

    fact finding in research meaning

  2. Research Paper Findings

    fact finding in research meaning

  3. PPT

    fact finding in research meaning

  4. PPT

    fact finding in research meaning

  5. PPT

    fact finding in research meaning

  6. PPT

    fact finding in research meaning


  1. TYPES OF RESEARCH : Quick Review (Comprehensive Exam Reviewer)

  2. Meaning of Research and its characteristics

  3. Meaning of Research & Definition of Research !! Research And Statistics in Physical Education B.P.Ed

  4. CHARACTERISTICS of Research Problem #educationalbyarun