Accredited Online Colleges

Find a trustworthy and flexible online college learning option that works best for you using U.S. News rankings, data and expert advice.

Online college is no longer just an option for many students – it has become the norm. Experts say colleges are poised to offer even more online degree programs and develop new ones as well. Advancements in technology, course design and high-speed internet availability are moving online learning forward. One reason students enroll in online degree programs is for the flexibility to study from anywhere. Students with family responsibilities or full-time jobs may also be able to work around their own schedules. Online students need to have good time management skills and be able to overcome distractions in their environment. Though online formats still present students with unique challenges, accredited institutions usually offer tailored support for students to adjust to online courses and plan their academic futures however they learn.

Online College Degree Programs

Earning a bachelor's degree – in person or online – can open doors to employment opportunities. According to the National Center for Education Statistics , the employment rate among 25- to 34-year-olds in the U.S. with a bachelor's degree or higher was at 87% in 2022. Compare that with the 73% employment rate for those with only a high school diploma. In fall 2020, about 11.8 million of all undergraduate students were enrolled in at least one distance education courses at degree-granting postsecondary institutions, and 7 million were enrolled exclusively in online classes, according to the National Center for Education Statistics . Students in online programs usually earn the same degree as on-campus students. The curriculum for an online bachelor’s degree typically matches the on-campus curriculum at the same school, and the diploma usually doesn’t state whether that specific degree was earned online or in person. This can help ease fears that employers won’t accept applicants with online undergraduate degrees. Many online bachelor’s programs require students to complete general education requirements in the arts, humanities and sciences if they haven’t already done so at another college or university. Prospective students will likely need to decide between a liberal arts major and one that is more career-focused, with the latter being the route many take to change career fields or advance professionally. Still, experts say it may make sense for some online students to major in a liberal arts discipline if it’s a subject they are truly passionate about. Academic advisers can offer guidance on which route is best for you.

Pros and Cons of Online Degrees

Students can take classes virtually, allowing them to learn anywhere.

Students can pursue the best program for their field of study, even if the school is far from home.

Students can plan around busy schedules to complete their coursework.

Students need greater self-motivation, time management skills and discipline to complete coursework.

There's no face-to-face interaction with an instructor.

Networking with classmates may be difficult.

An online degree can be a great choice for students who want to continue their education and have either an associate degree or no postsecondary education. A variety of online bachelor’s programs exist, so prospective students should explore all options before enrolling. Those who want to earn their online degree as quickly as possible may wish to pursue a competency-based program or one with an accelerated schedule. The majority of incoming online undergraduates have previously earned some college credits. Individuals in this group should check early in the process whether the prospective online program will accept those credits. Students with an undergraduate degree also can earn a master’s degree completely online. This path is a great choice for working professionals who want to advance in their career or change fields completely. You can find out more through U.S. News’ best online master’s degrees rankings and resources.

How to Choose the Best Online College for You

The best online college is the one that fits your needs. As you’re evaluating programs, consider how each school’s research, resources and reputation line up with your career interests and goals. An online program’s accreditation, tuition and flexibility are other factors that come into play. A good place to start your research is the U.S. News rankings of accredited online bachelor's programs . Once you narrow down what colleges you’re interested in, make sure the programs are in your ideal format – whether that’s fully online or a hybrid model. Review admission requirements and application fees and compare the availability of financial aid. Look into the school’s costs beyond tuition, including book, course material and online delivery fees, and research its student services and faculty.

Check the Accreditation Status of the School or Program

When choosing an online degree program, prospective students should ensure the school is accredited by an organization recognized by either the U.S. Department of Education or the nonprofit Council for Higher Education Accreditation. These organizations monitor programs and schools and renew their accreditation every few years. The Database of Accredited Postsecondary Institutions and Programs contains information from recognized accrediting agencies and state approval agencies that reported to the U.S. Department of Education. Information regarding whether an online degree program is accredited is often available on a school’s website. Accreditation is a process that an outside authority conducts to ensure a school or degree program – either on campus, online or a combination of both – meets certain standards of quality and rigor. Accreditation is a voluntary process, though it has several benefits and essentially validates a program to employers and other institutions. There are a few types of accreditation , but the main two are regional and national. Designated regional agencies determine whether a school is regionally accredited. This is a widely recognized type of accreditation. Credits transfer easily between regionally accredited schools. National accreditation is usually less rigorous and awarded to schools of a similar type, like vocational or technical institutions. For-profit online programs are more likely to have national accreditation. Credits from a nationally accredited college are not transferable to a regionally accredited college. Students can speak with their academic adviser to learn more about what types of accreditation are expected from employers in a given career field. Employers may verify that a job candidate’s degree comes from an accredited program, especially if the school name is unfamiliar to them. Should a student decide to change programs, a transfer-friendly school is more likely to accept course credits that come from an accredited institution.

Choose a College Major

Choosing an undergraduate major can seem daunting. As you research options, think about what subjects you enjoy and what majors might prepare you for careers you’d want to pursue. Make sure you understand how salary may vary by field over the course of a career. The right major can set you up for success in college and beyond. The six most common bachelor’s degrees earned in 2020-21, according to the National Center for Education Statistics , were business, health professions and related programs, social sciences and history, biological and biomedical sciences, psychology, and engineering. Students who receive bachelor’s degrees in certain engineering fields have some of the highest starting salaries. According to U.S. Department of Education College Scorecard data on students who received federal financial aid, computer engineering, petroleum engineering and industrial engineering majors make a median starting salary of more than $65,000 per year. Students shouldn’t pick an area of study solely because it is popular or high earning. The same goes for online graduate students – they should weigh the professional benefits of an advanced degree. Those with job experience should consider their professional goals when deciding what to study.

Determine Which Online Learning Option Works for You

The structure of online degree programs varies. That’s why prospective students must research a program thoroughly to ensure it meets their needs. In general, however, online courses require students to regularly log in to a learning management system, or LMS. This is a virtual portal that serves as a classroom, where students can access relevant course materials and monitor their progress on lessons. Different formats require different levels of communication with fellow students. Online students may interact with each other through a variety of channels, including discussion forums, social media, videoconferencing, by phone and through email. Students should not expect an online class to be easier than an on-campus one just because of the format. Programs may require students to attend what are often referred to as synchronous class sessions. These sessions are held in real time through videoconferencing, which can help students interact and build relationships with their classmates and the instructor. This type of program’s activities adhere to a preset schedule of classes, lectures, conversations and assignments. Most online courses have an asynchronous, or self-paced, component. Students complete readings, listen to lectures and participate in discussions with classmates whenever they wish but must follow weekly deadlines. Open-schedule courses give students the freedom to begin courses whenever they want and complete assignments based on their start date. Students don’t adhere to regular semester dates. In this format, communication with other students can be sparse. Students working full time might find the convenience and flexibility of open-schedule courses the most desirable. Then there’s fixed-time courses where students attend all classes virtually, with no in-person meetings required, but must log on to attend class at specific times. This format is the best for those who want the structure of a set schedule but need the class to be entirely online. Lastly, hybrid online courses allow students to do coursework remotely but require a few in-person meetings.

Top Online Colleges

U.S. News evaluated several factors to rank the best online bachelor's degree programs, including graduation rates, faculty credentials and support services available remotely.

Find an Online College

Use the filters below to search ranked online degree programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

How to Get Financial Aid for Online College

1. Submit the FAFSA. To receive financial aid, the first and most important step is filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. This is available online on Oct. 1 each year. To receive the most financial aid possible, prospective students should check school and state grant deadlines and apply early. The FAFSA requires applicants to fill in basic information, such as their contact information and Social Security number, as well as provide their latest federal income tax returns and bank statements. Undergraduate students who are younger than 24 years old – and not married, veterans or active military members – will need to file as a dependent and provide their parents’ financial information. Nearly all students who apply for financial aid qualify for some form of it. 2. Fill out other financial aid forms and apply for scholarships. Many colleges offer their own source of financial aid in the form of grants, scholarships and loans. You may need to fill out additional forms to receive this aid. This information – including deadlines – is generally available on a school’s website. Applicants can also search online for scholarships available at specific schools or from organizations tied to their discipline. Online learners may be eligible for the same scholarships available to on-campus students, and there may even be additional scholarships for online or adult learners. 3. Review and correct the FAFSA Student Aid Report. A few days after submitting the FAFSA online, applicants will receive a Student Aid Report from the Federal Student Aid office. This report restates answers that applicants provided as well as other relevant information, and it’s an opportunity for applicants to correct any errors on the FAFSA, including adding or removing colleges. 4. Compare awards. Each school will calculate applicants’ financial need, which determines their financial aid eligibility. Students will receive an award letter stating what financial aid they are being offered. They can compare their award packages based on the aid they are eligible to receive, the school’s tuition and other costs. 5. Reapply for financial aid each year. To continue receiving financial aid each year, applicants need to fill out the FAFSA annually for as long as they plan to be a student. A degree can be a major investment, and financial aid can help ease the burden of costly tuition. Much like financial aid for on-campus students, aid for online students is available in the form of grants, scholarships, loans and even federal work-study jobs. That said, some online degree programs may not offer work-study opportunities, as many online students are already working full time. The online degree financial aid process is often identical to that of students earning a degree in person. Online students also need to meet similar – if not the same – requirements to be eligible for financial aid at a given school. Additionally, whether a student is full- or part-time can affect that person’s ability to qualify for financial aid. To receive certain amounts or types of aid, many online programs require students to meet specific credit-hour requirements. Applying for financial aid is a complex process. In a 2022 survey of online students by Wiley University Services, 36% of online students indicated that determining how to pay for school was the most difficult part of the application process, while 27% said completing financial aid forms was the hardest. Luckily, accredited online colleges often have financial aid advisers to answer questions and help applicants through the process. To learn more, read U.S. News’ paying for college coverage . There you’ll find expert advice and resources to help you through the process.

coursework programmes

How to Apply to Online College

The admissions process for online college is usually similar to that of on-campus programs. Step 1: Fill out the Common App. To start, you’ll need to fill out the application. At the bachelor’s level, the Common Application is accepted by more than 900 schools, including some colleges outside the U.S. It’s likely that an online degree-seeking student will also need to complete this application. Because master’s degree applications are usually tied to a specific program in a school, what application students need to complete may vary. Step 2: Write essays. Applicants at both levels will likely have to submit an essay of some kind. Because many online students already have some work experience, experts recommend that they emphasize their professional skills as part of their application and explain how their experience has prepared them for online college. Step 3: Collect letters of recommendation. Undergraduate and graduate online programs often require letters of recommendation . These may come not only from teachers and school counselors but also current or previous employers who can speak to a student’s work ethic. At the graduate level, a recommendation letter will more likely come from an employer. Step 4: Submit test scores. Applicants may need to submit standardized test scores as part of their application. Many undergraduate online students already have some previously earned college credits and therefore may be able to forgo submitting an SAT or ACT entrance exam score if enough of their credits transfer. At the graduate level, whether the GMAT or GRE graduate school entry exam is required depends on the school and area of study. Some may not require any test scores. This information is typically available on a program’s website. Consult an admissions officer at schools of interest to determine the exact requirements. Step 5: Submit transcripts. Students also may need to submit school transcripts and, depending on the program’s requirements, their prior work experience and previously earned credit hours. Note that just because a program is offered online doesn’t guarantee that getting admitted will be easier. Step 6: Keep track of deadlines. Make sure you follow directions carefully and keep track of deadlines for the school’s admissions application, financial aid and test score submission. Prospective students can find deadline information on each school’s website. Because online program academic calendars may be structured differently from on-campus offerings, deadlines may differ for these applicants.

How to Avoid Online College Scams

Beware of diploma mills, which award illegitimate degrees or certificates to students on the internet. Among the most important steps a prospective student can take is to ensure an online degree program is accredited by an organization recognized by either the U.S. Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. It’s also essential to look for red flags on a program’s website. Anything that seems too good to be true – earning a degree in a very short time period, for instance, or at an extremely low cost – is a warning sign. The opposite is also true: If a program seems abnormally expensive, conduct further research. Other red flags include a program not listing a campus or business address online, the website having a lot of grammatical or spelling errors or lacking a “.edu” URL, and the school failing to post information about student support services.

For-Profit Online Colleges

When exploring programs, a prospective student may encounter for-profit and nonprofit schools. Students may perceive for-profit online colleges as a more financially risky option, but experts recommend taking what they hear in the media and through word-of-mouth with a grain of salt. For-profit online schools became more prevalent in the late 1990s. At the time, these schools accepted most applicants, including those who weren’t prepared for college. This contributed to low graduation rates and higher debt, as well as a negative reputation toward for-profit schools. That’s changed in recent years, however, as these schools began placing a greater emphasis on student support services and started requiring some students to take entrance exams to gauge their college readiness. Experts say for-profit and nonprofit schools are becoming increasingly similar, but a few primary differences remain. For one, experts say, admissions are typically less selective at for-profit schools. These online colleges are more likely than nonprofits to have rolling admissions, along with academic calendars that don’t operate around the traditional semester schedule. For-profit institutions tend to have national rather than regional accreditation. Experts recommend looking beyond the nonprofit and for-profit classification when choosing an online degree program. Instead, they say, focus on accreditation, tuition, faculty and support services. Prospective students can also look at reviews of different for-profit programs to get a sense of other students' experiences.

For-Profit Schools

  • Historically had a negative reputation due to lower graduation rates and high student debt.
  • More likely to have national versus regional accreditation, which is preferred by employers.
  • Less competitive in the application process than nonprofit schools.

Non-Profit Schools

  • Have historically prioritized student support.
  • Are more likely to be regionally accredited compared with nonprofit programs.
  • Require students to demonstrate readiness through a more competitive application process.

Online Colleges Near Me

While online education offers students the opportunity to study from anywhere in the world, many students still choose a program with a campus close to home. Cost is a big factor in staying local. Online programs at public universities and colleges often charge different tuition rates for in-state and out-of-state students. For example, the University of Florida charges in-state residents $112 per credit hour for enrollment of its online programs, while residents of other states pay $500 per credit hour. That’s a significant savings for Florida residents. Additionally, this in-state tuition is much lower than what Florida residents might pay to attend an online public school based in another state like Ohio or Texas. Sticking with a public school in your state can save you tens of thousands of dollars over the course of your degree. You might also choose a nearby online college so you can easily visit the campus to meet with professors or advisers. Visiting the school can help you better connect with the school community and join on-campus student clubs or attend events. Some students enroll in a local online degree program because they are already familiar with its culture and traditions, or they have family or friends with ties to the institution. The school may also be more recognizable to local employers. Certain online degrees have in-person residency or orientation requirements where students have to visit campus a few times each term or throughout the course of the program. In this case, a local program makes sense.

Online Colleges by State Near Me

  • Connecticut
  • District of Columbia
  • Massachusetts
  • Mississippi
  • New Hampshire
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • West Virginia

Frequently Asked Questions About Online College

How much does an online bachelor's cost.

The cost of an online bachelor’s degree varies based on what school you choose, whether it’s a private school or a public school, and by your state of residence, among many other factors. An online bachelor’s degree cost can differ from that of an in-person bachelor’s when accounting for fees and how tuition is calculated. While on-campus programs may charge fees for housing, transportation, recreational activities and meals, online programs tend to lack these costs. That said, online programs may charge a distance education or technology fee . Online programs may charge tuition by the credit hour instead of by the semester, which may save online students some money. Most schools post information online about tuition and required fees for online programs, just as they do for campus-based bachelor’s programs. You can also request info from the bursar’s office, which is responsible for handling college tuition payments. There are also several ways students can reduce the cost of an online degree. For instance, they can transfer previously earned college credits or enroll in an accelerated program. If they’re in a competency-based program, students demonstrate mastery of specific skills to progress faster through what they already know, spending more time on the new information and paying a set price per billing period. Employer tuition reimbursement – where an employer pays for some or all tuition – and scholarships for online students can also help reduce the price of getting a degree. Prospective students can contact a financial aid adviser to ensure they are on track with paying each term. Generally, online programs accept payments online by credit card, debit card or electronic check; by mail via a check or money order; or by wire transfer. Most online degree programs also permit students to pay tuition for a given term in several sums rather than all at once.

How Long Does an Online Bachelor's Take?

An online bachelor’s degree can take the same amount of time as an in-person bachelor’s, which is four years, since the coursework is the same. Most bachelor’s degrees require around 120 credits, though the number varies by program and degree type. But an online degree can be completed in less time depending on whether you choose a full- or part-time program, for example. Full-time students can take more classes per term, but a part-time program may be easier to manage on top of other obligations. Bear in mind that most online undergraduates do not start their bachelor’s degree from scratch. Many have previously earned college credits that can be applied toward their new degree, which can save them time and money. Students generally need to submit transcripts from their previous college so that the new school can evaluate which credits will transfer. Academic term length is another important factor. While some programs have a traditional monthslong semester system for online courses, others have an accelerated time frame.

How to Talk to Prospective Employers About Your Online Degree?

You can talk about your online degree openly with a potential employer – it’s a good opportunity to showcase the rigor of the program you attended, your time-management and collaboration skills, and your work ethic. In the interview process, let them know how the skills you learned from the degree apply to the role you want. Several years ago, employers were more hesitant to accept online degrees as legitimate, with concerns that online students didn’t gain the same vital skills as they would in a traditional campus environment. But in recent years, that perception has changed dramatically, as even the top-tier schools have embraced online education and launched high-quality degree programs. And now, experts say it usually isn’t necessary to indicate on a resume that a degree was earned online, as the school’s reputation and accreditation will be significantly more important. While some employers may still be hesitant about online degrees, many have come to recognize the value of having their employees further their education while working, in part because students can apply what they learn directly to their careers. In fact, roughly one-third of online college students have access to tuition reimbursement benefits from their employer, according to the Wiley University Services survey.

What Are Some High Paying Online Degrees?

An online degree can help prepare you for a range of lucrative careers. On the list of U.S. News’ 25 Best Paying Jobs , petroleum engineers , who design equipment that extracts oil from reservoirs, are at No. 17 with an average salary of $142,800 in 2022, according to the BLS . This career path requires a bachelor’s degree in engineering, which is available online. In front of petroleum engineers on the list are information technology managers at No. 12, with an average salary of $173,670 in 2022. Online degrees in the IT field are prevalent at both the undergraduate and graduate level. Business and management degrees, also offered online, can help an employee climb the ladder at a company and earn a higher salary. In May 2022, the average wage for chief executives was $246,440, according to the BLS , and the average annual salary for general and operations managers was $122,860. Also on U.S. News' Best Paying Jobs list, marketing manager ranks No. 15, with an average salary of $158,280 in 2022; financial manager is at No. 14, with an average annual salary of $166,050; and sales manager ranks at No. 19, with an average salary of $150,530.

What Online Degrees Are In Demand?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the jobs projected to have the fastest growth from 2020 to 2030 that require a bachelor’s degree include agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes, at 46% growth; and film and video editors and camera operators, at 33% growth. Suitable degrees for these jobs include a bachelor's degree in a field related to business and management or film and broadcasting, respectively. In addition, some of the projected fastest-growing occupations for 2020 to 2030 were in health care and related industries. That’s good news for online students, as programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels are prevalent in this discipline. This increasing demand is due, in part, to an aging population and a rise in individuals living with chronic illnesses. Health care jobs in high demand include nurse practitioners and occupational therapy assistants. Online degrees exist that can prepare students for these roles. According to the statistics bureau, computer and mathematical occupations – for which an online degree in engineering or information technology may be relevant – account for some of the fastest-growing occupations. Demand for statisticians, for example, is expected to rise 35% between 2020 and 2030. Concerns over online security are also leading to a greater demand for employees with cybersecurity experience and knowledge. For positions such as information security analysts, employment is expected to grow by 33% through 2030.


U.S. News has been publishing school rankings in the education sector since 1983 and has done so specifically for online degree programs since 2013. At both the undergraduate and graduate levels, U.S. News calculates rankings based on a variety of factors, which hold different weights depending on the ranking category. A program’s score for each factor, or ranking indicator, is calculated using data that online programs report to U.S. News in an annual survey. The rankings methodologies for online programs are separate from those for U.S. News’ Best Colleges and Best Graduate Schools rankings. Ranking methodologies are typically updated on an annual basis. In developing the Best Online Bachelor’s Programs rankings, U.S. News assessed online colleges based on four general categories. Engagement constitutes 35% of each school’s rank, referring to the extent to which a degree program enables students to effectively interact with instructors and classmates as they would in an on-campus environment. Services and technologies made up 25% of each school’s rank, focusing on how programs incorporate diverse technologies to allow students more flexibility to complete their coursework at a distance. This category also takes into account the quality of student support services, career guidance and financial aid resources. Accounting for 20% of each school’s rank was faculty credentials and training, measuring the degree to which online instructors’ credentials mirror those of on-campus faculty. This category also measures the effectiveness of the resources used to train instructors to teach distance learners. Finally, expert opinions from surveys of high-ranking academic officials make up another 20% of each school’s rank. These insights help account for factors affecting program quality that hard data can’t capture. U.S. News calculates rankings for online graduate programs using similar methodologies, with an additional category taken into consideration. Student excellence is also considered – a category that measures the extent to which students who enter an online program have proven aptitudes, ambitions and accomplishments that enable them to handle the rigors of online learning.

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Learn Programming Online

Whether you're just starting out or already have some experience, we offer various Programming courses designed to fit your needs. Curated from top educational institutions and industry leaders, our selection of Programming courses aims to provide quality training for everyone—from individual learners seeking personal growth to corporate teams looking to upskill. For those pursuing professional advancement, skill acquisition, or even a new career path, these Programming courses can be a valuable resource. Take the next step in your professional journey and enroll in a Programming course today!

Browse Programming Courses

coursework programmes

University of Toronto

Learn to Program: The Fundamentals

Skills you'll gain : Computer Programming, Python Programming, Computational Logic, Problem Solving, Programming Principles, Computer Programming Tools, Critical Thinking, Computational Thinking, Algorithms, Mathematics

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Beginner · Course · 1 - 3 Months

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Crash Course on Python

Skills you'll gain : Computer Programming, Data Structures, Problem Solving, Python Programming

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The University of Edinburgh

Code Yourself! An Introduction to Programming

Skills you'll gain : Algorithms, Computer Programming, Problem Solving, Computer Graphics, Creativity, Decision Making, Programming Principles, Computer Graphic Techniques, Software Engineering, System Programming

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Princeton University

Computer Science: Programming with a Purpose

Skills you'll gain : Computer Programming, Java Programming, Programming Principles, Computational Thinking, Algorithms, Computational Logic, Theoretical Computer Science, Critical Thinking, Mathematical Theory & Analysis, Problem Solving, Computer Science

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Duke University

Programming Fundamentals

Skills you'll gain : Algorithms, C Programming Language Family, Computational Logic, Computer Programming, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, Process Analysis, Programming Principles, Data Visualization, Theoretical Computer Science

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Beginner · Course · 1 - 4 Weeks

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IBM Full Stack Software Developer

Skills you'll gain : Cloud Computing, Python Programming, Cloud Applications, IBM Cloud, Application Development, Computer Programming, Cloud Infrastructure, DevOps, Web Development, Cloud Management, Cloud Platforms, Javascript, Software Architecture, Cloud API, Cloud Storage, Cloud-Based Integration, Full-Stack Web Development, Software Engineering, Continuous Delivery, Continuous Integration, Docker (Software), Software As A Service, Microarchitecture, Django (Web Framework), Database Application, Databases, Kubernetes, Programming Principles, SQL, Software Engineering Tools, Data Management, NoSQL, Collaboration, Computer Science, Data Analysis, Front-End Web Development, Leadership and Management, Mergers & Acquisitions, React (web framework)

Make progress toward a degree

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University of California, Santa Cruz

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Java Programming and Software Engineering Fundamentals

Skills you'll gain : Computer Programming, Java Programming, Programming Principles, Algorithms, Problem Solving, Data Structures, Software Engineering, Computer Programming Tools, Critical Thinking, Computational Thinking, Data Analysis, Javascript, Software Testing, Front-End Web Development, HTML and CSS, Web Design, Web Development, Web Development Tools, Application Development, Computer Graphic Techniques, Software Architecture, Data Model, Cryptography, Data Analysis Software, Strategy

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University of Michigan

Python for Everybody

Skills you'll gain : Computer Programming, Python Programming, Computer Programming Tools, Programming Principles, Data Structures, Computational Thinking, Data Analysis, Software Engineering, Algorithms, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, Data Architecture, Data Management, Database Application, Databases, Theoretical Computer Science, Data Analysis Software, Database Administration, Data Model, Data Visualization, Database Design, Database Theory, Web Development, Web Development Tools, Computer Networking, SQL, HTML and CSS

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University of Washington

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Skills you'll gain : Computer Programming, Programming Principles, Algorithms, Critical Thinking

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Johns Hopkins University

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Skills you'll gain : Front-End Web Development, HTML and CSS, Javascript, Web Development

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Searches related to programming

In summary, here are 10 of our most popular programming courses.

  • Learn to Program: The Fundamentals :   University of Toronto
  • Crash Course on Python :   Google
  • Code Yourself! An Introduction to Programming :   The University of Edinburgh
  • Computer Science: Programming with a Purpose :   Princeton University
  • Programming Fundamentals :   Duke University
  • IBM Full Stack Software Developer :   IBM
  • Coding for Everyone: C and C++ :   University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Java Programming and Software Engineering Fundamentals :   Duke University
  • Python for Everybody :   University of Michigan
  • Programming Languages, Part A :   University of Washington

Frequently Asked Questions about Programming

What are the best free programming courses ‎.

To learn programming, try some of the top-rated courses available online like Introduction to Programming , Learn to Program: The Fundamentals , Programming for Everyone (Getting Started with Java) , Programming Languages or Problem Solving, Programming, and Video Games . All these courses are available for free. ‎

What are the best programming courses for beginners? ‎

For those looking to learn programming, Coursera offers a plethora of options from beginner to professional courses. For those just starting out, Python Specialization , Google IT Automation Professional Certificate , IBM Full Stack Cloud Developer Professional Certificate and Programming with Python and Java Specialization are all excellent courses to get you up and running. For a more broad introduction to coding principles and practices, Coding for Everyone Specialization is a perfect starting point. ‎

What are the best advanced programming courses? ‎

For those seeking advanced programming courses, the HTML, CSS, and Javascript for Web Developers course is a great choice. It covers the fundamentals of web development and introduces useful tips and techniques for more experienced developers. Another excellent choice is Programming Languages course, which covers a wide range of languages in detail. For web development with popular frameworks like Django, Coursera's Django Specialization is an excellent program that dives deep into this popular language. ‎

What is Programming, and why is it important to learn? ‎

Programming is the act of instructing computers on how to perform tasks through computer languages, also known as “programming languages” or “coding.” It involves analysis, generating algorithms, profiling algorithms’ accuracy and resources consumption, and the implementation of these languages.

Some popular programming languages include C Programming, Perl, Java, Python, JavaScript, and Ruby.

Programming is important to learn for anyone interested in coding for personal reasons or to begin careers related to the web. Successful learners will be able to build the operating systems, applications, websites, programs, and other computing systems we use every day. ‎

What jobs can you get in Programming? ‎

According to, the median annual wage for Computer Programmers is $84,280. Despite concerns of Programming jobs in the U.S. being outsourced, CompTIA shares that the top 10 specialized skills employers are looking for include multiple Programming languages. Staying on top of hot technologies such as Python can help Programmers stay in-demand.

Programming languages make for transferable skills that can lend to various opportunities in addition to Programmer, such as: Computer and Information Research Scientist, Computer Hardware Engineer, Computer Network Architect, Computer Specialist, Computer Systems Analyst, and others that are related. ‎

How can online courses help you learn Programming? ‎

Through Coursera, Programming is covered in various courses. These courses focus on learning how to program and analyze data with Python; how to write fun and useful programs; how to apply fundamental programming concepts, such as data structures; how to program in Scratch; how to think like a Software Engineer; and more.

Lessons in these courses are taught by professors from top universities such as Duke University, UC Santa Cruz, University of Colorado, and others. Learners can explore Programming with professors specializing in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and related fields through video lectures, readings, quizzes, and others. ‎

What skills or experience do I need to already have before learning about programming? ‎

Excellent computer skills and a background in computer science—whether form a career, internship, or high school or college level classes—can help prepare you to learn about programming. You may also benefit from a background in software development, information systems, information technology, and information technology. Even if you are self-taught in one of these areas, you may better understand your programming studies. Those who study computer programming can benefit from learning as much math as possible beforehand, and any training in electrical or computer engineering can also help you learn. Certifications in languages like Java or C++ may be helpful. And, in some cases, you may find that studying business, art, music, or graphic design can help you, depending on what type of programming you want to do. ‎

What kind of people are best suited for careers in programming? ‎

Because computer programming can be complicated, you must be patient and good at concentrating for long periods of time to take on a role in the field. People who are easily frustrated may not enjoy this type of career. Excellent analytical skills are a must, and you should also have a good eye for detail—that includes being able to spot and fix errors quickly. Good troubleshooting and problem-solving skills can also help you tackle a role in the field of computer programming. Organization is important, and you must be comfortable spending time alone as well. ‎

How do I know if learning about programming is right for me? ‎

Anyone who enjoys math, logic, and problem solving, as well as working with computers, applications, and software, may be suited to learn programming. You can learn it as a hobby, or you may want to study it if you're interested in a competitive career with a great outlook for the future. If you already work in the computer science field, learning programming can help you advance your career or explore a different aspect of it. The more you learn, the more marketable you are and the more likely you are to land a job or steady freelance work. ‎

What are the benefits of taking an online Programming course? ‎

Online Programming courses offer a convenient and flexible way to enhance your knowledge or learn new Programming skills. Choose from a wide range of Programming courses offered by top universities and industry leaders tailored to various skill levels. ‎

What Programming courses are best for training and upskilling employees or the workforce? ‎

When looking to enhance your workforce's skills in Programming, it's crucial to select a course that aligns with their current abilities and learning objectives. Our Skills Dashboard is an invaluable tool for identifying skill gaps and choosing the most appropriate course for effective upskilling. For a comprehensive understanding of how our courses can benefit your employees, explore the enterprise solutions we offer. Discover more about our tailored programs at Coursera for Business here . ‎


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What's the difference between a Masters by Coursework and a Masters by Research?

A  Masters by Coursework  is a professional qualification involving the study of a specified set of core units and a selection of eligible elective units. Undertaking a coursework program will mean that you will attend classes, complete assignments and sit exams where applicable. Some Masters by Coursework also require the completion of a minor thesis as part of the course. Dependent on the course, part-time and online study options are available. For more information, please see our  Postgraduate Study at ECU  web page. A  Masters by Research  involves the submission of a completed thesis based on an independent research project. Students studying a Masters by Research work independently with the support of a supervisor and the School. Students may be required to attend units to help expand skills in the area of research. For more information, please see our Research Degree  web page.

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  • How to Make Your Coursework as Good as It Can Possibly Be

coursework programmes

Many GCSE and A-level subjects are assessed in part by coursework in addition to exams, meaning that the mark you receive for coursework contributes to your overall grade. Many students prefer coursework, because it’s a chance to showcase your academic abilities away from the high-pressured environment of the exam room, making it ideal for those who don’t perform to the best of their abilities in exams. However, the time you have available for coursework, in contrast with the time constraints of the exam room, can lull some students into a false sense of security. Coursework is arguably just as challenging as exams, just in different ways – and, given the fact that you have more time, much higher standards are expected of you in coursework than in exams. Careful planning and research are needed for successful coursework, as well as strong data-gathering and essay-writing skills. In this article, we look at how to produce excellent coursework, from planning to proofreading. This information might also be useful to you if you’re planning on attending an Oxford Summer School this summer.

What is coursework?

GCSE and A-level coursework typically takes the form of an extended essay or project. Its objectives vary from one subject to another, but there’s usually an emphasis on the student conducting independent research into a topic of their own choice. Thus coursework often takes the form of some sort of investigation; it may, therefore, help to have your ‘detective’ hat on as you explore, investigate and analyse your topic. You can usually work on your coursework at home, though it’s sometimes completed under controlled conditions through sessions at school. To give you a better idea of how coursework varies from one subject to another, here are some examples:

  • English – English coursework usually takes the form of an extended essay with a title of your choice. You’re usually given a choice of themes and/or texts to explore, and you could choose a format such as a comparison between a set text and another one.
  • Geography – Geography coursework usually focuses on the gathering, reporting and interpretation of data designed to answer a particular geographical question. You could investigate usage of a shopping centre, for example, or look at erosion on a particular beach.
  • Sciences – coursework for science subjects often takes the form of a scientific project or experiment that you conduct and report on yourself.

Before you start work on your coursework, it’s essential that you have a thorough understanding of the rules. Failing to conform to the rules – inadvertently or not – may result in your coursework (or possibly even your entire qualification) being disqualified, so it’s a serious matter.

  • No plagiarism – this is particularly dangerous given the ready availability of relevant information on the internet these days. Make sure everything is in your own words; you’ll need to sign a declaration stating that it’s your own original work.
  • There’s only so much help your teacher can give you . They can provide guidance on what you need to include, and on what the examiners will be looking for. You can ask them questions, but they’ll usually only be able to check through your first draft once and offer broad hints on updating it.
  • Check the word count , and stick to it. Find out whether footnotes, appendices and bibliographies are included in the word count.
  • Check what topics you’re allowed to do your coursework on; if there’s an exam on this topic, you’ll almost certainly have to choose a different one for your coursework.

Choose your topic wisely

Ideally, choose something you’re genuinely interested in, as your enthusiasm will come across and you’ll find it more enjoyable to write. If there’s something you’ve been working on for the course so far that you’ve particularly enjoyed, you may be able to focus more on this as part of your coursework. For science coursework, you’ll need to choose something to investigate that you can measure, change and control; it should be what’s called a ‘fair test’, meaning that you have to acknowledge all the controls you use in the experiment and why. Try not to pick a topic for which the scope is too vast, as you’ll struggle to research it properly and you’re unlikely to do it justice, and it’ll be hard to keep within the word limit. Ask your teachers for some guidance on choosing your topic if you’re not sure what to write about; they might even tell you a bit about what previous students have done to give you some inspiration.

Plan how long it’s going to take

Never leave your coursework until the last minute, even if this is your normal approach to essays and it usually works for you. Make sure you understand when the deadlines are, including time for submitting a first draft for comments from your teacher. Then schedule blocks of time for working on it, allowing plenty of time before the deadline to cater for any unexpected delays. Allow ample time for making corrections based on teacher feedback on your first draft, and keep some time aside before the deadline for final editing and proofreading. Because actual deadlines are few and far between, you’ll need to take responsibility for the writing process and impose some deadlines on yourself to ensure it’s finished in time. Write down your deadlines on a calendar, with the coursework broken into stages and dates assigned to each, by which time each task should be complete. You can base your stages on the next few points in this article – research and data gathering, a structure plan for the piece of work, writing up, and so on.

Conducting your research and gathering data

As coursework is primarily a research exercise, the research phase is crucial, so don’t be tempted to skimp on it and go straight to writing up. Use as many different resources as you can to gather data: books, journals, newspapers, television, radio, the internet and anything else you think might be relevant. For science and Geography coursework, you’ll need to base your work on a hypothesis, so the research stage should start by coming up with at least one hypothesis, otherwise your research will lack direction. The research phase for some subjects may involve site visits for gathering data, so allow plenty of time for this, particularly if you need your parents to drive you somewhere to do so. If it’s a scientific experiment you’re conducting for your coursework, you’ll need to pay careful attention to planning the experiment using rigorous scientific methods (also noting what Health and Safety precautions you are taking), as well as reading up on the background and theory so that you have an idea of what to expect from the outcome of your experiment. In the research stage, make notes about what you expect to happen, so that you can later compare your expectations with what actually did happen. The experiment itself also forms part of the research and data-gathering stage for your science coursework; in the write-up stage, which we come onto shortly, you analyse and write up the results.

Plan your structure

Once you’ve completed your research, the process of writing up begins. Before you get down to the actual writing, however, it’s advisable to write a plan for how you’re going to structure it – essentially an essay plan for English coursework and other subjects for which the coursework is based on an extended essay. It’ll look slightly different from an essay plan for science subjects and others that revolve around project work, but the principle is the same: plan out what order you’re going to present your information in. For big projects, this is particularly important, because with a lot of information to convey, you risk being disorganised and waffling.

Writing up your project

For any coursework, but particularly coursework based around an extended essay, you’ll need to perfect your essay-writing abilities. For science coursework, writing up your project also involves data analysis, as you interpret the results of your experiment and work your notes into formal scientific language. Follow the links below to find lots more useful advice on writing great essays.

  • How to write dazzlingly brilliant essays
  • How to write more original essays
  • Techniques from creative writing that can improve your essays

When you’re writing up, it’s important to find a place where you can work quietly, without distractions that could cause you to make careless errors. You wouldn’t want noise or distractions when you were in an exam room, so treat your coursework with the same reverence.

Supporting materials and images

For some subjects, namely the sciences and Geography, it would be appropriate to include images, graphs, charts, tables and so on in your coursework. For example, for Geography coursework, your extra material could include annotated images and maps of the site you’re talking about, plus tables, graphs and charts. An appendix could then detail your raw data; if, for example, your coursework focused on the results of a survey, you could put the raw survey responses in an appendix and provide summaries and analysis in the main body of the coursework.

Footnotes and bibliography

As we said earlier, it’s important that you always use your own words in your coursework to avoid the possibility of falling foul of plagiarism rules. However, it’s acceptable to quote from another source, as you would in any piece of academic writing, but you must make sure that you state where it is from and use quotation marks to show that it’s a quote from somewhere else. The best way of citing another work is to use a footnote; word processors will allow you to insert one, and it just puts a little number at the end of the sentence and another in the footer of the document, into which you put the name of the author and work, and the page within that work that the quote can be found. At the end of your piece of work, include a bibliography that includes a list of every external source you’ve used in the creation of your coursework. Stick to a set formula when including books. A common format is: Author Surname, Initial. (Date) – Title of Book , page number For example: Lewis, C.S. (1960) – Studies in Words , p. 45 When you get to university, you’ll be expected to include footnotes and bibliographies in all your essays, so it’s a good habit to get into and coursework gives you good practice at it.

The final pre-submission check

Having completed a first draft, received feedback from your teacher, and honed your work into a finished piece of coursework, have a final check through it before you send off your coursework for submission.

  • Sense check : have a read through your completed piece of work and check that it all makes sense. Make sure you haven’t contradicted yourself anywhere, or repeated yourself, or laboured the point. If there are any facts that you may have meant to look up to double check their accuracy, do so now.
  • Word count : ensure that the completed work falls within the word count, and double check whether the bibliography should be included in the word count. If you’ve exceeded it, you’ll need to work through the piece and tighten up your writing, omitting unnecessary information, reordering sentences so that they use fewer words, and so on.
  • Proofread : check your spelling and grammar, and ensure that there are no typos. Don’t just use the spellcheck – go through it with a fine toothcomb, manually, and if you can, ask someone to read through it for you to see if they spot anything you haven’t.
  • Formatting : check that you’ve included page numbers, and that the font and line spacing is consistent throughout the work. Ensure that the font is plain and easy to read, such as Arial or Times New Roman.
  • Bibliography : check that you’ve included everything, that the format is the same for all sources mentioned, and that the right information is included for each.

Once this stage is complete, you’re ready to submit your coursework along with your declaration that it’s entirely your own work. Get ready for a feeling of immense satisfaction when you finally send off your hard work!

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What is Coursework? | Definition, Meaning & keypoints!

What is coursework.

Coursework is a practical work or study done by a student in partial fulfilment of a degree or training. Projects, field work, design studies, long essays etc constitutes a coursework. The nature of work which requires to be carried out depends on the course. It is largely a part of learning exercise and a step to prepare you to handle the required work/ task effectively and efficiently.

  • folios of essays
  • art and craft items
  • speaking tests
  • practical work
  • assignments and experiments undertaken and assessed during the course

As per Oxford dictionary “Coursework” is defined as

Written or practical work done by a student during a course of study, usually assessed in order to count towards a final mark or grade.

Who assigns coursework and why?

Coursework can be assigned by your teacher or mentor. The reason can be an assessment by the teacher but in most of the cases it’s a requirement as per course structure. A coursework is meant to reflect understanding of what has been taught. How well you understand it and apply it in different situations. Your own thoughts and way of thinking about a topic is reflected in your final work. As mentioned earlier nature of coursework is very diverse. Institutions may make you to write (essays, paper, term paper, thesis etc) or make something (sculpture, are & craft related things) or take some form of test. All these activities done as a coursework award you marks or grades which are counted to evaluate your overall grade for a particular course or purpose. Your creativity, understanding, innovative aspect, talent etc are reflected in the work done by you. Some of the most widely used form of coursework include thesis, dissertations, research paper & term paper as far as writing is concerned. Model making, crafts and other similar activity is generally given when creativity aspect is to be assessed. There may be a combination of these in few cases. The whole purpose largely depends on what your course and what it prepares you to be.

Major types of coursework & how to go about them?

Students have different and mix reaction when coursework is given. Some are excited as it gives them an option to put in effort and bring out something new. They are happy and confident to present their viewpoint and grasp of the topic. While some feels it is a burden and unnecessary task and just want to get away with it. Whatever the case may be there are few guidelines and rules while writing coursework which everyone should follow. Writing a coursework can also be fun!

coursework - working

Some of the steps to help you get started includes:

Coursework for academic topics which require writing:

  • Do some research about your topic of interest or assigned topic
  • Finalize your topic
  • Prepare a structure especially for long writing coursework such as thesis
  • Write an abstract or summary for approval from mentor/teacher.
  • Do a thorough research for collecting data , facts.
  • Start writing and keep on doing the required research
  • Check for plagiarism (if any) and work to remove it
  • Give credits & references

What makes a good and effective content

A good and effective content is easy to read and understand by readers. Some of the points while writing a content to improve its quality are

  • Well- structured
  • Well Illustrated
  • Predictable

Effective coursework writing

Coursework requiring you to make something like model, sculpture or artwork

  • Find something which you appreciate (its design, concept, through, history, significance)
  • Come up with what remains the focus area for your coursework
  • Decide what you wish to make and in what form eg. model (scaled or not to scale), sculpture or some craftwork
  • Finalize the materials to be used such as waste materials, wax, wood, metal, plastic etc
  • Collect all the required stuff for making your masterpiece
  • Have a mental image prepared and preferably a rough sketch
  • Get working!

Key points to be kept in mind while working on coursework

  • Originality – Your topic/ idea should be original. Originality of idea is given significant importance and can be a deal breaker. This is not just of the requirement in most of the cases but also a scoring parameter. There are countless number of students and scholars doing research so having an original idea keeps you on positive side. Some students prefer contacting  SmartWritingService coursework writing service to get professional help from experts.
  • Need – If you coursework is solution oriented then you must clearly identify the key problems and issues which you aim to cover under your work. A good solution cannot be provided unless the problem has been understood well.
  • Uniqueness – Uniqueness in terms of idea and work. Preparing good questionnaires and conducting surveys adds to uniqueness and originality of content. Not only your topic and but also content should be unique. Avoid plagiarism, copying is a strict “NO”. Any form and extent of plagiarism is dealt seriously if caught and can even disqualify your submission.
  • Your Input – This is the most crucial aspect. Your inputs will reflect the understanding and applicability of topic by you. This is the whole purpose of having a coursework. Try your best and put best foot forward. Having a well structured and presented work is something a teacher and mentor is looking for.
  • Outcomes & way forward – Having worked and making lots of efforts doesn’t have much value unless useful outcomes are shown. Having a good & meaningful analysis and presentation of data with the  best data extraction service is an essential factor. These can be in form of proposals or problem identification. Your work might conclude your topic or pave a path for others to continue working. Depending on the work and nature of coursework give a conclusion to your study and propose what can be done next or how it can be used.

Coursework & Higher Education

Doctorates are the highest degrees conferred by universities. An online or on campus doctorate can lead to a high-level position in a number of different fields, from business administration to health care to quality control. The lengthy road to earning a doctorate can be shortened by at least several months through online study.

The doctorate degree requires two to five years of postgraduate work, the writing of a thesis, and the passing of oral and written examinations. Most doctoral degrees are the doctor of philosophy (Ph.D.) degree, although recipients of this degree may have studied a number of academic fields other than philosophy.

Doctorate degrees are now available in numerous fields, including:

  • Business Administration
  • Computer Science
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Health Administration
  • Industrial Engineering
  • International Business
  • Quality Control

Admission to doctoral programs requires completion of an undergraduate degree program and typically, but not always, of a master’s degree program. Students earning a doctorate must take a specified number of advanced graduate-level courses, requiring at least two or three years of study beyond the master’s degree. Upon passing written or oral examinations, or a combination of both, doctoral students are granted the status of doctoral candidates. Then they must research and write a dissertation on an original topic, and then satisfactorily defend the dissertation before a committee of professors in the field.

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据我目前了解到的状况,在澳洲上完本科,比如我自己,有两种选择,一者读研(master),二者读荣誉学士(honour degree),鉴于题主的情况,后者按下不表。

Master主要有两种,也就是题主碰到的master by coursework,以及master by research。我先来给题主描述一下澳洲目前的留学生状况。本人目前仍旧本科在读,bachelor of commerce,多数和我一样的学生在结束以后一般都会申请澳洲八大的master,说实话不是很难,因为你只需要把你所有的信息交给中介,中介会帮你申请,极其简单,并且如果你在澳洲结束的bachelor的话申请master只要不要成绩太离谱一般是不需要考试的。为什么我会说这个申请master极其简单,就是因为在我认识的人里面比方说有100个人要申请master,那么其中95个人申请的都是master by coursework(好像有人管这种研究生叫做授课型硕士,不是很清楚这种称呼从哪里来,因为据我所知好像有点出入),这种master相对来说容易,为什么?因为coursework和research的最大区别在于你在master的第三学期(一般情况下和bachelor同专业master是三学期,其他情况下也有四五六学期的)是否要做research,题主要知道在澳洲的academic research确实比较鸡毛,可能其他很多国家也是这样,本人没有经历过所以不予评论。就我了解到的情况,你需要自己确立课题,自己写计划,自己做调查收集样本,自己分析数据,自己建立模型,自己研究那些建模软件,自己写那几万字的论文,自己修改。。乱七八糟的东西全部都是自己(当然澳洲的大学老师很友好,会帮你很多很多,还有各种写作的帮助,一对一的那种,但是望题主了解,在澳洲给我很大一个很难受的地方是在于很多时候你想要鬼佬给你一点建议,他们最多的回答就是it's really up to you mate,基本上没有太多实质性的建议,所以绝大多数时候你要靠自己),这就是为什么很多很多人知道自己坚持不下去所以选相对容易因为不需要做research的master by coursework。至于第一答其中的coursework纯粹是赚留学生的钱,本人表示不是百分之百赞同。首先相当多的白人一样会选择coursework因为他们也知道不需要做research是一件很幸福的事情。然后无论你是白人还是留学生,只要你花了足够的多的时间在学习上,也无论是coursework还是research,都是可以过(绝对不能说轻松),或者是高分通过。反过来说如果你不花足够的时间进去,你甚至连第一学期的课都没法通过,随之而来就是你重修这门课上万块钱的学费。

继续话题,我来给题主一个实质性的建议,这么跟题主说吧,两种master怎样选择,完全取决于下一步路你想怎么走。如果你打算master结束了以后马上工作或者回国,建议你选coursework,因为虽然不是说research结束了你不能工作,只是你要考虑你上 master前后的产出-投入比。coursework相对于research,如果想达到相同的成绩,你花的精力是绝对更少一些,也更轻松一些,相对来说你可能更容易毕业一些。但是如果master毕业后楼主想继续phd下去,绝对建议你读research,因为除了最开始提到的honour degree,master by research据我了解是唯一剩下的进入phd的途径,因为申请phd时学校很注重你之前的research experience,我认识的读master by research的人里面除了研究成果被公司看上结果直接半路给开高薪被挖走的人以外,所有的都去phd了(并且还有一个人是在读phd的时候以与前面相同理由被上市公司挖走了)。而且,读research的相对来说申请工作也更容易,首先你竞争小,毕竟只有很少人是master by research,其次你的research skills & experience很被大公司看重,这种experience会给你在interview的时候加分不少,只是如果你research都做完了就工作,在我看来还是稍稍有一些不太值,因为你只差一步就能获得学业上面除了博士后以外最高的头衔了,phd完全是另一种学习模式,并且如果成功读完phd的那种成就感不是说你考个全年级第一的那种兴奋能比的(楼主可以了解一下澳洲八大的毕业典礼,这个国家对于学术的尊重很直观的体现在毕业典礼上,因为博士生是最后一批入场的,在所有在场的人包括低学位学生,家长,各位教授,校长起立注视下)。





如果你基础很好,南澳大学的教授本身有一定知名度或者水平潜力比较强,则考虑直接去念master by research。

如果你基础一般,甚至对自己今后想从事的研究方向,兴趣和专业领域不甚了解,又缺乏必要的研究技能,建议去Adelaide念course,开学就告知你的coordinator你以后的兴趣和需求,尽量选能学到东西的课,如果有project或者independent study这类课则一定找个老师聊一下找一个小的research topic试一试

另外题外话,很多人对coursework和research master的误解很深,这里大致说一下

在英语国家或者教育体系来自这种国家的地方(英国,美国,澳洲,香港,新加坡,加拿大),bachelor毕业都是直接可以申请博士的(澳洲通常science把4年拆成3年bachelor和1年bachelor honor,申请博士要honor年)。master无论coursework还是research都其实不属于 所有本地人会去接受的高等教育, research master其实不是一个典型的独立的学位,它其实更像是phd的一部分或者说就是phd的第1年,很多地方research master是博士开始之后由于各种原因不继续念了但又做了一定的工作所以给一个research硕士毕业。而为什么澳洲,英国,香港,新加坡的大学还有很多人去念research master呢?因为对于一个博士,一般需要奖学金支持他读(各种形式的奖学金,但基本根据钱的source可以分为老师申请下来的fund中出钱的和其他不由老师项目出钱的),很少有人(但也不是没有)愿意支付4到5年的学费去读博士,但不从老师申请下来的fund拿钱的奖学金数量极为稀少,于是什么人老师们(特别是很多有idea也有能力但那种没什么经费,或者水平比较高但各种原因弄不来经费)最想要呢?1. research master自费,免费劳动力。2. course master里面成绩好的,有潜力的,可以跟自己做半年到1年左右的project的

所以现在甚至很多大学research master的门槛也并不高,对于自费去读的,老师多一个免费的劳动力,何乐而不为呢? 如果的带奖学金的,假如老师有足够的钱,他更乐意要一个phd学生而不是research master。

而course master,(全球一体化之前)本来的目的是给工作之后的人再学习,充电的,本来就是professional degree而不是通识degree的一类,只是近几十年变成了除欧洲以外的所有英美澳这些大学的挣钱工具,有些变味。加上masgter不是 所有本地人会去接受的高等教育, 所以良莠不齐同一个项目的不同方向在同一所大学,同一个系里由于负责的教授,项目开设的诚意和合理性教课的老师不同都能有云泥之别,就更不论说不同项目了。所以读course master的选课,如何规划来符合自己的需要就变的非常重要。另外说一句,很多人认为research master比course master有用,更有逼格, 这是100%扯淡。 两者中research master录取要求的期望值更高,这是不争的事实,但说research master更有用,更好找工作,特别对于EECS类的根本就是瞎扯,这不是科举,会写文章就可以治理国家。research master极大可能是教会了你如何做研究的思维,并且可以收货一份还可以的(理论)研究经历,但和工业界的需求和需要差的远了。course master如果项目不错,课选的也不错,获得很可能是工业界比较需要的实际skill与更广的本领

所以这里面最重要的一点是,course和research master都不是所有本地人会去接受的高等教育的一环,每人的经验的variance比本科大的多。如果对Master的学习生活以及课程项目质量的variance要求要小的话,请移步欧洲大学

本团队承接各种留学咨询和EECS专业职业规划咨询业务。包括但不限于留学国家,学校,专业(特别是EE, CS相关专业),项目,课程选择与留学后的继续深造(读博),当地实习,就业规划。针对每个人不同背景提供最专业的建议。团队成员均有澳洲,新加坡,英国,欧洲各国,加拿大,美国多国留学与工作经验,现分布在澳洲,德国,荷兰,瑞典,英国美国工作。

  • 欢迎微信chisyliu咨询,为你的留学规划一条最大概率(至少是根据当前已知的信息和观测的数据,极大似然)符合你期望的轨迹
  • 如果只是简短的一些关于留学或者EECS领域职业发展,规划,以及人肉翻墙找工作的问题请点击下面链接值乎进行提问,我会对每一个问题进行语音回答。


嗷~来小小回答一下。咳咳,你要明白为什么只有南澳给你master by research的offer?八大的research的offer比较难拿,如果不是本校升学,竞争力太可怕,特别是奖学金的竞争力,超级难,没有几篇paper,很难入八大法眼。南澳大学还算比较有钱,也算偏远地区,给research offer也是想留住人。

我本科读的bio molecular Science, 然后读了honours,目前刚收到南澳大学的phd的全奖offer。如果你要读research类的,建议你先去看看南澳大学网页上开放的关于你专业的project或者找你相关的学院,里面会列出可以带master by research的老师。这个用传统话来讲,就是套瓷嘛~之所以是需要的,是因为一般research类的都是要有funding的~很少会自费。一旦要申请funding或者scholarship,你必须提供你和导师沟通后所确定下来的研究课题,介绍下你将如何开展你的研究工作,如果收集数据以及这个研究的意义是什么。内容越好,导师能力越强,拿到奖学金的概率就越大。当然这个也要根据你本身的绩点来决定~越高越好,paper越多越好。research申请一般都是自己DIY,很少有找中介的。因为我你必须先去问清楚是否有你专业的相关课题,相关funding,才能往下走。

另一点就是 master by coursework一半来讲是1.5年。但master by research一般为2年。很多人认为master by coursework 是没有研究课题的,这个是不对的。Coursework也是有研究课题的,那个0.5年就是project的长短,这个课题一般在你读完一年的coursework之后,选自己认识的老师,做半年的小课题。Master by research就是一年的research。但是如果入学phD,后者会被接受。通过这个比较,你们可以看出来,phD接受的最低独立研究课题的时间为一年,两个学期。这就是为什么Honours一年research就可以直接读博。Master都是需要上一年的coursework,然后考试什么的。最后半年或者一年是project。

更重要的一点是,master by research最后一年的research的课程进入是有要求的。比如,你必须以绩点5.5最低的成绩进入最后的research。(每个学校这个要求不太一样)如果你最后平均成绩没有达到,学校可以直接取消research资格,让你再读半年课让你毕业,自动转成coursework。还有就是,你必须在第二年开始project之前,确定好导师和课题,想学校提交你们的acceptance form。如果在规定时间没有提交(比如,没找到合适的课题或老师),那么research也算是fail。不过,每个学的graduate service每年都会帮找不到课题的master联系一些导师,如果你真的自己找不到,可以提前联系他们,他们会给你一些有空缺课题导师的邮箱,你可以自己再去试试。


yuxin tong

谢谢邀请,学术上来说 国立更好。但是 堪培拉太乏味了。当然阿德莱德 也很村。。考虑到你毕业后 找工作的话 ,建议去悉尼 墨尔本 那里的机会多。如果是 毕业后回国,哪里都可以。


我是阿德biomed coursework在读。


坏处是:你只有一年时间做Project,如果是拿到了一个不错的Project,你可能只能做完皮毛(其实Honor student也一样,一年很短,还要花时间写各种东西)




来了之后,好好学习天天向上,补充好了基础,到research year的时候找实验室,发现自己更倾向于生物信息学(生物码农)而不是自己以前擅长的实验室(做做elisa,pcr,克隆纯化之类)。




ISSA Bodybuilding Specialist Review: Our Experience With the Program

  • Author: Gabrielle Hondorp

laptop and second screen on desk with study materials for ISSA bodybuilding course on screen. paper printouts of study materials and a pencil are on the righthand side of a mouse and keyboard

SI Showcase

The products featured in this article have been independently reviewed. When you buy something through the retail links on this page, we may earn commission at no cost to you, the reader. Sports Illustrated editorial staff are not involved in the creation of this content. Learn more here.

While most sports focus on the function of the body, bodybuilding puts as much—if not more—emphasis on aesthetics as it does on physiology. Since you are training muscles not only to work well but also to look a certain way, training bodybuilders is a whole different game than training people for general fitness.

If you are a bodybuilder yourself or are thinking about getting into coaching bodybuilders, a certificate program can be a great way to get a proper education on how to coach athletes in this niche sport. The Bodybuilding Specialist program by the International Sports Science Association (ISSA) focuses on training,  nutrition , injury-prevention, recovery, psychology and more. And since this is a self-guided program, it’s a great way to enter into a new career on your own terms, from the comfort of your home.

If you are considering the ISSA-BBS certification program but aren’t sure if it’s the right fit for you, keep reading to learn more about the program and what our tester thought about it.

Interested in a more comprehensive training certification? Consider an ISSA Personal Training Certification .

ISSA Bodybuilding Certification at a Glance

  • Cost: $799, currently on sale for   $639.20
  • Course Length: Self-guided
  • Pass Rate: Estimated 90 percent (based on ISSA-CPT course)
  • Accreditation: NCCA
  • Best for: Those looking for an intro into bodybuilding training

Overview of the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification

screenshot of ISSA Bodybuilding specialist dashboard for lecture week 1 A, showcasing human anatomy, as seen on a computer with a blue backgroud

The ISSA Bodybuilding Certification is a personal training certification focused specifically on bodybuilding. This course covers a wide range of information you will need to train clients safely and successfully in bodybuilding. Some topics covered include muscle anatomy, kinesiology, and biomechanics, nutrition and supplementation, aerobic and resistance training strategies, injury cause and prevention, sports psychology and more.

This program is not just well-rounded, but it is a well-respected certification, in the same realm as other top personal training certifications like ACE and NASM . This is a great option for previously certified personal trainers looking to add a specialization to their portfolio, or those who are specifically interested in training powerlifters.

What we like about the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification:

  • Relatively affordable course
  • Self-guided study makes it flexible and accessible
  • Open-book exam allows you to use notes
  • Guidance from mentors and professors

What to consider about the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification:

  • Some found the exam to be long and difficult despite being open book
  • Assignments can be done on own time, but do require some semblance of weekly commitment
  • May be difficult for those without being a Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) or having a science background

Level of difficulty of course material

While this course does cover a lot of material, the open-book exam and self-guided study makes it incredibly user-friendly and accessible. This material goes into a lot of depth, particularly in the more scientific areas of biomechanics and anatomy, but you will have plenty of opportunity to familiarize yourself with the material before diving into the exam.

The course comes with an online textbook as well as practice exams, online exercise labs, a home study exam and even a dedicated Success Coach to help you with questions you may have or sections you may struggle with. There are also on-staff professors who are equipped to help guide you through the course as you complete it.

Customer support

Besides the support you will find through your coach and professors, ISSA has a number of ways to contact customer service. You can reach them on the website by email, phone, fax, mail or live chat.

While some found the exam to be difficult—and long due to the 200 questions—it’s not impossible, and it has an open-book policy which you should absolutely take advantage of. It can be taken either in-person at a designated testing center, or online in the comfort of your home. The exam also offers one retest for no additional cost should you need to take it. While there was no set pass rate for the BBS exam, the ISSA CPT exam has a 90 percent pass rate, and uses the same open-book format.

Our Experience with the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification

ISSA bodybuilding certification chapter outlines on a laptop on a blue background

To get a more personal look into the ISSA-BBS program, our expert tester Kayla Godfrey took the course. Kayla is an experienced weightlifter and trained competitively in powerlifting for two years.

“I feel bodybuilding was the one area of weight lifting I didn't quite understand,” said Godfrey. “There are many misconceptions out there and I thought by taking this course I could gain a better understanding of the industry. I was hoping to maximize my training efforts safely and effectively with this course.”

She noted she was provided with an online textbook, workbook and the online course. There were also reading assignments issued weekly that helped with quiz sections.

Though experienced in the world of lifting, Kayla was not a professional and did not hold a previous certification. “I think having your CPT certification before getting a specialization course would be the best route to go; I found myself a bit overwhelmed at first. The course is very informative and breaks down everything from names of muscles, muscle movements, program design and how to optimize your training efforts. I wouldn't say the course is easy by any means, but should be very attainable for CPTs.”

As for time commitment, she is currently studying about an hour each day. “Each ‘week’ of the course is broken down to roughly 10–20 textbook pages. For me, that equated to around 10–30 minutes of audio and visual instruction, a written assignment (250 words was my first assignment) and a quiz,” she said. 

While this is a self guided-program to an extent, there are weekly assignments to be completed at your discretion.

“Doing an hour a day, five times a week should be enough time to complete each week,” Godfrey said.

Godfrey noted that as she began the course, she found the interface a bit dated, but eventually figured out how to navigate it successfully. As a visual learner, she noted how using the visual aids for lectures and investing in a hardcopy textbook was helpful in helping to retain information more successfully—though a physical book would come at an additional expense.

When it came to the exam, she was concerned it would be challenging, but noted the new exam excludes case studies which seemed to be where most people got tripped up. “I do also appreciate how the final exam is open-book, so that is why I believe purchasing the book and taking notes is going to be the best way to pass with flying colors.”

Benefits of the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification

If you are looking to do personal training of any kind, you really need to have some sort of certification. Whether that means a general CPT program or something more niche like the BBS, a program like this—especially from a credible association—will both help you obtain a job or clients, and give you the information you need to be able to train people safely and successfully.

Certifications like this also give you access to other health and fitness professionals whether it be through connections you make in your course or through social media. There are ISSA certification groups you can join once you are certified.

While you don’t need to be a CPT in order to take this course, it could prove helpful especially since it delves into some pretty detailed anatomical science. But if you are more STEM-minded, you can probably handle the course without previous certification. And if you are interested only in training bodybuilders, this could be the right option for you.

How Much Does the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification Cost?

This certification will cost $639.20 in full, but you don’t have to pay it all at once. They have financing options for six payments of $106, or 12 payments of $53. There are no additional accessories you will have to purchase as everything you need comes with the cost of certification. You do however have to be CPR certified in order to complete the certification. If you are not already CPR-certified, you can add on a certification for $49, which has to be completed before you take your exam.

What Certification Students Say About ISSA Bodybuilding Certification

This certification is rated 4.8/5 stars on the ISSA website with over 300 reviews. Those who took the course ranged from fitness newbies to bodybuilding professionals—and no matter their previous experience, found they learned a great deal about bodybuilding and powerlifting through the course.

Many noted the psychology chapters and appreciated how it taught not only the physical components of bodybuilding, but mental technique as well, which reviewers found useful in both coaching and helping them to reach their own goals.

Who the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification Is Best For

This program is really designed for those who are particularly interested in learning more about bodybuilding. Whether you are seeking out information as an athlete or coach, it can be equally useful for you due to the wide breadth of material it covers.

Since this is quite an in-depth program, you may find it somewhat difficult if you do not have a background in personal training or extensive experience in bodybuilding or sports science. That being said, just because this course may be a challenge by no means makes it impossible. Since it is open-book, you can use your notes during the ISSA exam. If you find yourself confused along the way, you can also reach out to your mentor, or the panel of professors for assistance.

Ultimately, if you are a current CPT looking to focus in on bodybuilding, or are just getting started in fitness coaching, and want to be a bodybuilding trainer, this is an excellent program to consider. Since ISSA is so well respected, the certificate will also give you credibility as a trainer and reinforce your knowledge to your clients.


ISSA and NASM are both well-respected, well-recognized fitness training certificate programs. Both offer a bodybuilding certificate, and both programs have comprehensive curriculums that cover all important aspects of bodybuilding.

The biggest difference between the programs is that NASM is significantly more expensive at $899. But this program also requires no prerequisites (not even a CPR certification). The exam is only 100 questions and can be completed online and you have three attempts to pass with a score of 70 percent or higher. This exam is timed, and must be completed within 90 minutes. The course is usually completed in about four weeks, and is also a self-guided program.

While both of these are excellent choices, it really comes down to how much you are willing to pay. ISSA also has the benefit of a mentor and professors you can reach out to for assistance during the course.

ISSA Bodybuilding Certification FAQs

What does a bodybuilding specialist do.

Bodybuilding specialists help to train amateur and competitive bodybuilders by coaching them through exercises, recovery, mentality and diet.

How do I become a bodybuilding specialist?

To become a bodybuilding specialist you must have a certification—especially if you are interested in taking on clients. It also helps to have a dual certification as a personal trainer especially if you are looking to take on clients full time.

Is the ISSA bodybuilding specialist credible?

Yes, the ISSA is a very credible association, and the well rounded nature of the program makes it a great starting point for those interested in coaching bodybuilders.

The Takeaway: Is the ISSA Bodybuilding Certification Right for You?

If you are serious about pursuing a future in bodybuilding coaching, investing in this certification is a great place to start. At only $640, it is cheaper than most personal training programs, and offers a very in-depth education on a niche topic.

This program will prepare you to coach yourself or your athletes to their fullest potential while simultaneously helping them to prevent injury, and make sure they are fueling their bodies properly. If you are already a CPT, this can also be a great addition to your training roster and help you extend your client base. No matter your background, the ISSA-BBS program can get you started on a career in the fitness field from the comfort of your own home.

Prices are accurate and items in stock as of publish time.  

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FTC Sues Grand Canyon University for Deceptive Advertising and Illegal Telemarketing


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The Federal Trade Commission has filed suit against Grand Canyon Education (GCE), Inc., Grand Canyon University (GCU) , and Brian Mueller—the CEO of GCE and president of GCU—for deceiving prospective doctoral students about the cost and course requirements of its doctoral programs and about being a nonprofit, while also engaging in deceptive and abusive telemarketing practices.

In a complaint filed in federal court, the FTC says that GCU and GCE told prospective students that the total cost of GCU’s “accelerated” doctoral programs was equal to the cost of just 20 courses (or 60 credits). In reality, the school requires that almost all doctoral students take additional “continuation courses” that add thousands of dollars in costs. The U.S. Department of Education reported that fewer than 2% of GCU doctoral program graduates completed their program within the cost that GCU advertises, and almost 78% of these students take five or more continuation courses.

The FTC’s complaint also says that, despite operating the school for the profit of GCE and its investors, the defendants deceptively marketed the school as a nonprofit. The FTC alleges that GCU has been operated for the profit of GCE and its stockholders, and pays 60% of its revenue to GCE pursuant to an agreement designating GCE as the exclusive provider for most university-related services. Even though he serves as GCU’s president, Mueller also benefits as both CEO and a stockholder of GCE, and receives bonuses tied to GCE’s performance. 

"Grand Canyon deceived students by holding itself out as a non-profit institution and misrepresenting the costs and number of courses required to earn doctoral degrees," said Samuel Levine, Director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection. "We will continue to aggressively pursue those who seek to take advantage of students."

The defendants also used abusive telemarketing calls to try to boost enrollment at GCU, according to the complaint. GCE advertised on websites and social media urging prospective students to submit their contact information on digital forms. GCE telemarketers then used the information to illegally contact people who have specifically requested not to be called, as well as people on the National Do Not Call Registry. GCE has also made illegal calls to numbers it purchased from lead generators.  

The FTC says the defendants’ deceptive claims and abusive telemarketing calls violated the FTC Act and the Telemarketing Sales Rule and asks the court to provide redress to consumers and prohibit the institution from further violations of the law.

The Commission vote authorizing the staff to file the complaint was 3-0. The complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona.

NOTE: The Commission files a complaint when it has “reason to believe” that the named defendants are violating or are about to violate the law and it appears to the Commission that a proceeding is in the public interest. The case will be decided by the court.

The lead staff attorneys on this matter are Michael Tankersley, Naomi Takagi, and Brian Berggren of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection.

The Federal Trade Commission works to promote competition and protect and educate consumers . Learn more about consumer topics at , or report fraud, scams, and bad business practices at . Follow the FTC on social media , read consumer alerts and the business blog , and sign up to get the latest FTC news and alerts .

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